The Case For A Creator
Evidence Of Astronomy
New findings are confirming the notion that Earth is an especially unique place, that it possesses qualities which make it an inhabitable place like no other. Guillermo Gonzalez and Jay Wesley Richards, co-authors of The Privileged Planet, explain the evidence.
The Copernican Principle
The Copernican Principle stresses that there is nothing exceptional about Earth. Most scientists agree with this assertion, holding that life abounds throughout the universe. The problem with this principle is that it goes beyond pure science and assumes a metaphysical position claiming we have no purpose or uniqueness. This view came to represent the ongoing conflict between science and religion. Proponents have presented a history of science indicating how unimportant we are.
Not only are these views based on faulty historical data, but there is now a wide range of scientific information that indicates why Earth is a uniquely inhabitable place and has actually been designed for discovery. Gonzalez states, “Frankly, I think they were so deluded by their complete belief in the metaphysical Copernican Principle~ that life was just going to be everywhere in the galaxy~that they overlooked the facts.”
Our Safe Galaxy
Basically, our universe contains three types of galaxies: spiral, elliptical, and irregular. Our elliptical galaxy provides safe zones which optimize habitability. Our location between the Sagittarius and Perseus spiral arms protects us from dangerous explosions of supernovae. We are also situated far from our galaxy’s nucleus, away from the dangerous black hole. A location further in on the spiral would cause threats from radiation. A location further out would not be conducive to life because of the absence of sufficient heavy elements. There is a narrow safe zone on the spiral, and that is where Earth is positioned. Most galaxies are of the elliptical type. Life is not likely on these galaxies because they are much less massive and luminous than our Milky Way. Furthermore, frequent supernovae explosions make life even less possible in the irregular galaxies. Among all other heavenly bodies, Earth is in the position that is most conducive to life.
Other Factors Making Earth Habitable
Location: Jupiter shields the Earth from the impact of comets. Other planets shield us from being bombarded by asteroids. A concept called the Circular Habitable Zone explains how our position, in relation to the sun, makes Earth habitable. If our distance from the sun were to be altered in either direction by as little as five percent, life would not be possible. The Sun: For years there has been a near consensus among scientists that the sun is merely a common star. Recently, however, new discoveries point to the fact that the sun is unusual after all. These discoveries are finding their way into astronomy textbooks. The Earth’s sun, as opposed to other stars, has the right mass, the right balance of red and blue, and the right metallicity which makes it unusual. It is highly stable, thereby preventing wild swings of climate on Earth.
“It would take a star with the highly unusual properties of our sun~the right mass, the right light, the right composition, the right distance, the right orbit, the right galaxy, the right location~to nurture living organisms on a circling planet. That makes our sun, and our planet, rare indeed.”
The Moon: Recent discoveries have shown that the moon actually supports life~ours, that is. The stability of our climate is due to how the moon stabilizes the tilt of the Earth’s axis. The moon is also largely responsible for our tides, serving the important role of transporting nutrients from the continents into the oceans. If it were larger than its existing size, strong tides would generate serious difficulties.