The Case For a Creator
Evidence Of Biochemistry
For generations, biochemists have marveled at how the natural selection process accomplishes the interlocking biological systems of amino acids, proteins, and DNA. But they never explained how these phenomena happened. It was this dilemma that motivated biochemist Michael Behe to devote his life to studying these issues because he knew if that if an Intelligent Designer existed, the cell would certainly reveal His fingerprints. Behe’s best-known work is Darwin’s Black Box, a work that the National Review has classified as one of the twentieth century’s most important non-fiction books.
The Black Box
Scientists use the term black box to refer to a system they find interesting but do not understand how it works. Darwin’s black box was the cell. Under the microscope one could see the cell divide and move around, but no one knew how it happened. The cell serves as a challenging test that Darwin himself proposed. He indicated that his theory of evolution would fail if it could be proven that any existing complex organ could not have formed through processes of successive modifications. The concept of irreducible complexity states that a system functions on the basis of individual components all working together to accomplish its task. Removing any one of the components will cause that system to fail. Take, for example, the common mousetrap. Its components consist of a wooden platform, a metal hammer, a spring, a catch, and a metal bar. And each part must be precisely matched to the other parts. Take away any one of the parts, and the mousetrap doesn’t work at all. The same principle applies to the cell. It requires all the complex parts to be in precise relationship with the other parts. The parts could not have evolved because that would have rendered the cell useless since it requires each part to be fully operative.
“Evolution can’t produce an irreducibly complex biological machine suddenly, all at once, because it’s much too complicated. The odds against that would be prohibitive.” ~Michael Behe
The Extraordinary Cilium
One example of irreducible complexity is the cilia, the whiplike hairs on the cell’s surface. Each cell has about 200 cilia. They work in synchrony to help the human body expel foreign particles. They also help row the cell through fluid. How can they do this? Each cilium consists of about 200 protein parts which can be broken down into a complex system of rods, linkers and motors. Each of these parts must be precisely connected to the others if the cilia are to function properly. No evolutionist has been able to demonstrate how these parts could have developed gradually.
The Efficient Flagellum
Flagella operate like rotary propellers. The flagellum receives its energy from an acid that flows through the bacterial membrane. Amazingly, its propellers can rotate ten thousand times a minute (compared to the Honda S2000’s nine thousand rpms). More amazingly, the flagellum can instantaneously stop and start spinning in the opposite direction at the same speed.
The flagellum is extremely complex. But simply speaking, it needs a paddle, a motor, and a rotor in order to operate. If you eliminate any of the parts, you don’t get a slower flagellum. It simply doesn’t work at all. Evolutionists are baffled at how the flagellum operates. They attack folks in the Intelligent Design Movement as making arguments from ignorance. But look what they are doing. They admit they have no idea how flagellum could have evolved. Yet they assume that somehow evolution did it.
“I believe that irreducibly complex systems are strong evidence of a purposeful, intentional design by an intelligent agent. No other theory succeeds; certainly not Darwinism.” ~Michael Behe