Linux “Distros”: Studying Flavours of Linux
· Welcome to the world of Linux “Distros” — different and unique “Distributions” or versions of Linux operating system. There isn’t one but many variants of the basic Linux theme and there is a trail of significant reasons accompanying this fact:
- Every Version/Distro/Flavour of Linux is built around Linux Standard Base, with meaningful variations done to the basic operating system, in order to target a unique set of users.
- Each Version is a product of different organization that has put in efforts according to the pre-defined aims and goals.
- There are multiple flavours of Linux to choose from. The choice of Linux Distro/s definitely depends on the business requirements of your company or client.
- Distros are free and open source and hence highly flexible. A user can modify and release one’s customized version of Linux Distros.
- Flavours of Linux come with a wide range of possibilities. If one version does not meet your requirements, you can certainly move to another version of it without any inconvenience.
Since there are so many flavours or Distros of Linux, it becomes difficult to gauge the qualities of each and every Distro. Nevertheless, here is a list of five most popular Linux Distros.
Ubuntu is undoubtedly the most popular Version of Linux Operating System and this makes
www.ubuntu.com state with utmost pride:
“Multiple devices, one experience: Ubuntu is a single software platform that runs across smartphones, tablets and PCs. It is designed to help make converged computing a reality: one system, one experience, multiple form factors”
Ubuntu is by far the most user-friendly flavor of Linux dedicated to enhance overall reliability, by reducing to naught the complexities underlying the operating system. Having been introduced in 2004 by South African millionaire Mark Shuttleworth, Ubuntu has earned remarkable credibility owing to its exceptional features. It is easy to use, it provides migration assistant for Windows, and it supports latest technologies.
Ian Murdock began Debian in 1993 and today it has a well-organized community of developers and users. Debian is adjudged as the largest, well-tested, and bug-free Linux Distro, mostly appreciated for its stability, quality, and interoperability with other software. www.debian.org highlights more of its features:
“Debian is a free operating system (OS) for your computer. An operating system is the set of basic programs and utilities that make your computer run.
Debian provides more than a pure OS: it comes with over 43000 packages, precompiled software bundled up in a nice format for easy installation on your machine”
Fedora is Red Hat’s commercial Linux Server Distro. Since Fedora is backed by Red Hat, it benefits tremendously from the sponsorship in terms of reliability and stability. On the other hand, Red Hat depends on Fedora for innovation and development of technology. Initially, Fedora was launched for the Linux Hobbyist and with the passage of time it has become one of the most desirable choices for Linux users. It has commendable security features, numerous packages, and a powerful desktop GUI based on Gnome 3. www.getfedora.org defines Fedora Server as follows:
“Fedora Server is a powerful, flexible operating system that includes the best and latest datacenter technologies. It puts you in control of all your infrastructure and services”
· Linux Mint
Linux Mint, an Ubuntu-based distro, was launched in 2006. Linux Mint has gained popularity because of its distinct desktop theme, a wide range of applications, and numerous graphical tools. www.linuxmint.com states the reason why Linux Mint has been created:
“The purpose of Linux Mint is to produce a modern, elegant and comfortable operating system which is both powerful and easy to use”
It does not only highlight the purpose of Linux Mint but also specifies the reasons behind its unprecedented success. Linux Mint is excellent by virtue of its “out of the box” approach, multimedia support, and it’s free of cost and open source technology. It is based on Ubuntu and Debian and has about 30,000 packages. Not limited to such qualities, Linux Mint is reliable and there are number of latest editions available such as Linux Mint 18 Sarah: Cinnamon Edition, MATE Edition, and Xfce Edition.
www.opensuse.com credits OpenSUSE as:
“The makers’ choice for sysadmins, developers and desktop users”
OpenSUSE is popular! It provides user-friendly desktop and feature rich server environment, along with its most praise-worthy installation and administration program YaST. YaST expands to mean “Yet another Setup Tool” which carries out hard disk partitioning and ensures system setup. OpenSUSE is widely used by software developers and system administrators for creating open-source tools. Therefore, it is largely considered as the best Linux Distro with a large number of packages and with exemplary documentation.
Apart from the above mentioned Distros, there are many other efficient Linux Distros/Flavors such as Mandriva, Slackware, FreeBSD, PCLinuxOS, Tiny Core, MEPIS Linux, and Zorin OS. If you wish to know how Linux Distros vary from each other, and about the need to create so many Distros, get trained in Linux Administration at Geofresher. After undergoing Linux Training at Geofresher, you will be able to master both basic and advanced level of Linux Administration. The Linux course is designed to suit the fast changing technological front. It encompasses key concepts such as package management, process monitoring, security administration, Shell Scripting, and Linux Administration. Further, the Red Hat Administration equips you with an efficient skill set that will allow you to operate Red Hat Linux System, create file systems, and administer Linux system software. This course will prepare you for Red Hat Certified System Administrator Exam (RHCSA), on clearing which you will be able to lay a strong foundation for yourself in the IT domain ��L�~��S8X�
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