One of the handful of pictures showing astronaut Neil Armstrong on the moon. As he held the camera, most pictures feature Buzz Aldrin. Credit: NASA

On July 20, 1969, Apollo-11 astronauts Neil Armstrong and Edwin “Buzz” Aldrin landed on the moon, in what was one of humanity largest leaps of progress in science, even as Michael Collins orbited in their temporary home over their heads. The process leading up to the mission was neither simple nor easy. And as with every complex space mission, not everything went as planned.

After it reached the lunar orbit, Apollo 11 made ten revolutions of the moon before it was time for Armstrong and Aldrin to land on the moon and venture on to the surface. They were all…

In two consecutive press conferences held in Delhi and Bangalore this week (Delhi), Chairman of ISRO, K. Sivan, addressed issues and questions pertaining to ISRO missions.

The Bengaluru Space Expo press conference at ISRO HQ | Image: Sandhya Ramesh

Chandrayaan -2

There wasn’t anything new we learned, really.

Sivan clarified that Chandrayaan-2’s launch delay was on the basis of expert recommendation, as it is the most complex mission ISRO has ever undertaken.To ensure success on the first attempt, the expert committee had recommended changes: primarily, placing the orbiter in a final orbit of 100km x 30km instead of a circular 100km and improving lander legs which currently cause the craft to tumble upon…

A female nematode taken from Pleistocene permafrost deposits of the Kolyma River Lowland | Shatilovich, et al

In a remote corner of northeastern Siberia runs a river called Kolyma that is frozen several meters deep for most of the year. It lends its name to the surrounding Kolyma region, which falls fully within the Arctic. The ice here stays on the ground for the entire year. For several immeasurable years, in fact. The permanent ice cover on the ground is very creatively called ‘permafrost’.

The cold makes for excellent preservation and the remote location made for the perfect setting for secret scientific labs through history. More horrifyingly, this region was where the notorious Gulag labor camps flourished…

Hello, React engineers and enthusiasts! HasGeek is bringing ReactFoo to Pune for the first time, following the rapid developments of React communities throughout the country. There is a full day of talks and discussion sessions, followed by a day of workshops. The talks on the 19th of Jan and workshops on the 20th.

Check out the schedule for the talks:

Who should attend?

  • Engineers looking to learn from case studies of other practitioners.
  • Decision-makers considering the pros and cons of switching to React.
  • Cross-platform mobile developers and React Native enthusiasts.

Why should you attend?

  • To learn from and network with peers from the industry.
  • To gain…

HasGeek is bringing Anthill Inside to Pune for the first time. There is a miniconf — a full day of talks — followed by a day of workshops. Check out the schedule here:

Here’s a quick walk through of the talks, and what you can look forward to:
- The day begins with Ajay Kelkar discussing what it takes to embed analytics into the fabric of your organization. Ajay is the co-founder of Hansa Cequity and is a firm believer in the use of analytics for driving organizations on the growth path. …

Recap of space news for June 26 — July 2

Every Monday, we curate the most interesting stories from the previous week in space science and technology on our Medium blog.

Solar System


Cassini celebrated thirteen years at Saturn on the night of June 30. It’s science results over the years have helped us discover quite a bit about the Saturnian system and our own solar system as a whole.




Indian students win a gloabal aerospace competition, CanSat, held at Texas this year. “Organised by American Astronautical Society (AAS) and American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA), CanSat is an annual design-build-fly competition with space related theme.”

Space News Recap | June 19 — June 25

Solar System


Juno has found that beams of electrons shoot upwards from Jupiter’s poles, above the aurorae.


Uranus and Neptune

NASA has announced that it wants to send a mission to study Uranus and Neptune, giving rise to all kinds of “probing deep into Uranus” headlines over the past few days. There are four mission ideas including a fly-by to study either or both planets including a fly-by and an orbiter that would study the planets’ gaseous atmospheres and their ring and moon systems.

Space News Recap | June 12 — June 18

Solar System

New Horizons

The Principal Investigator of the New Horizons mission, Alan Stern, tweeted that his team spent three days trying to zero in on the mission’s next target. News quickly followed, and the target is called 2014 MU69.


Images from Juno after its seventh dive orbit around Jupiter show stunning cloud formations. The four white storms on top are called “String of Pearls.”

Mangalyaan (MOM) has completed 1000 days in orbit today. It was the first craft to enter successfully into Martian orbit on the first attempt.

MOM is a tech demonstrator. It’s not equipped to perform intensive science & the whole thing was a trial to see if insertion could work.

Solar System


Cassini has completed its eighth ring dive between Saturn and its rings.

Extrasolar updates

Hottest exoplanet ever

Astronomers have discovered the hottest planet so far known in the universe. The planet is hotter than most stars we know and orbits around its even hotter star in a matter of 36 hours.

Sandhya Ramesh

Science Writer.

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