Spirits in the Material World Journal Entry # 5

February 9, 2017

1hr 45 min

Reflective moment

Once again we discussed leaders and their leadership roles from previous modules. First was Agamemnon. It was stated that he was a king and a general of the Greek army. He was responsible for strategy, partially responsible for distributing spoils, and for the success or failure of the army. Next, we discussed Anthony. He was general of the military and a participant of roman triumvirate (three men in rome that based together to temporarily be in control of everything). Then, we discussed Cleopatra. She was Queen of Egypt. It was common knowledge that Egypt was the lesser kingdom than the roman empire. Cleopatra ruled from a very subordinate position. Given the fact that she was a woman, she had to use unofficial power to get things done. When she found that she simply could not command, she changed her tactics, she seduced. Octavian became the first emperor or rome, most of the known world. Socrates played a very philosophical and unintentional leadership role. Simply, he lead through injury. He was an ethical leader who had knowledge on how to think and live well. The Spartans had military leadership and moral leadership. The women were the ones who defined masculinity; proclaiming it and reinforcing people of it.

In contrast we also brought up a very different form of leadership — vocal leadership. This is the type of leadership where an individual lends their voice and vocalize to their community. Poetry was a very good example of this because through poetry, an individual gains the opportunity to reinforce values in a creative way. Tyrtaeus was a Spartan poet who sang the values of life. His poetry portrayed an image on how their life should look and how they should develop all the attributes of a leader and die fighting. It gave a picture of what success and glory would look like. It was memorable, articulate and helped others relate their goals.

We turned this into a fun activity where we were given the opportunity to create a poem or an arrangement of words to show glory or contentment. At first, I found this task to be very hard but that was not the case in the end. This was the picture I created:

Coming home to a warm house with the smells of a home cooked meal and laughter/ old school reggae music in the background after a long and stressful day after working a 10 hr shift at the hospital.

We also compared ourselves to a character or person we previously talked about that described us as a leader. The person I chose was Lycurgus. I am very humble yet strategic. Depending on the leadership role I am given, I can adopt either leadership mentalities. For Lycurgus ,many of his laws were considered prescriptions. He had a way in which the children would be raised and about how women should train themselves physically to produce the best children. I find similar attributes in myself because of my need of control. I have a certain way I like things to be done. In life I want to start my own non-profit. that means i have to be a lawgiver. I would have to also come up with a set of bylaws to identify the roles each member plays, the vision of my organization and what aim to accomplish.

Teaching the spartan way

There are three ways in which one can teach the Spartan way. The first way is through the constitution its self. The second was is through women and how they depict the importance of dying in battle. Also they emphasize the spartan warrior as a whole. The woman also subordinates her natural maternal instinct to celebrate her child. The third way is through the poets.

Goals to reach by the end of this class

  1. Adopt a greater appreciation of leadership
  2. Enhance the ability to work with leaders in your own life
  3. Become a better leader yourself

February 12, 2017

2 hr 15 min

The composition of the art work is arranged very stylistically. The diagonals of the mosaic dominate its composition. In the center, we have Alexander the Great spearing a Persian warrior and another Persian trying to restrain a rearing horse. In the background, there are numerous lances thrust up in the air. Also in the background, there is a singly tree with bare limbs. In the fore ground, there are numerous discarded weapons and rocks. After much observation, I can distinguish the fact that Alexander the Great is the warrior on the left. Darius is the one with the one holding out his hand in a “charge” motion. The artist conveys Alexander the Great as the victor in this struggle and Darius as the defeated party. The fact that Alexander the Great is the only one clearly portrayed on the Greek side shows his utter fearlessness towards the Persian army. Something that really stood out me in the picture was the fact that while Alexander the Great had a weapon in his hand, showing that he was a proud warrior willing to fight with his people, Darius was empty handed. He just looked as if he was giving demands instead of actively participating in the fight. This picture does a great job of depicting the victory in the Battle of Issus because it shows Alexander the Great’s efforts and success of infiltrating the Persian army and Darius who looks shocked and on the verge of fleeing.

Augustus of Prima Porta

The statue of Augustus is a very descriptive one. He portrays the attributes of a youthful and handsome ruler, wearing a decorated armor and a tunic. Beside him is a statue of Cupid riding a dolphin. Augustus’s facial expression is very calm and reserved. he looks to have much self-control. This is effective in depicting the the character of the man he is instead of how he would respond to any emotional predicaments. In a way, he looks really perfect as if he was more of a god than mere human being. In the statue his hands are positioned differently. One is by his hip and the other one is raised high as if he is pointing or leading. This is a very domineering posture. It emphasizes his image of a powerful leader of Rome. With that in mind, I found is really weird how he is dressed as if he is entering a war, yet his feet a bare. I would expect general to be wearing military boots or shoes instead of bare feet. i found this observation very humorous. On the lower right side of Augustus, Cupid is holding on to his leg while riding a dolphin. At first I did not understand the correlation, but I came to a conclusion after reading further into it. Cupid, or Eros, was the son of Venus. It’s not surprising that he would use Cupid as a way to stake claim on the divine lineage of Julian Caesar.

You can are definitely decipher the Romans from the Dacians in illustration. The Romans were dressed in armor and a child that cover majority of the front of there bodies. Trajan’s army was not limited to only elite soldiers. It consisted of mercenaries, auxiliaries and conscripts. In contrast, the Dacian were dressed in cloaks, tunics and trousers. They had allies with the Sarmatians.

February 14, 2017

30 min

Wow, it’s already Valentine’s Day. It seems as if this semester is really moving so fast. I remember in middle school I did research on the origin of Valentine’s Day. It was said to be a holiday in honor of the priest St. Valentine because he was beheaded on February 14th. He was beheaded because he disregarded Emperor Claudius the Cruel’s decree to outlaw marriages, which was meant to build a stronger army. For St. Valentine’s defiance and his spread of love and importance of the sanctuary of marriage, he was jailed and then beheaded.

Todays class was different. We arranged the desks in a circle like we normally did but what happened next really surprised me. Dr. Sandridge began to play the guitar. He played it beautifully. It made me want to learn .I have had two guitars in my life yet I cant play a single tune or song. It seems like every time I pick up a guitar to learn, I get distracted or discouraged. Any way, I loved the incorporation of the guitar in today’s lesson.

Until next time,

Sashina Haughton