Having a fire safety plan is of utmost importance. Fire can have a major impact on any business or industrial facility. A fire can be caused due to a number of reasons. At industrial facilities, the workers are frequently required to deal with combustible materials. Owing to the presence of explosive materials, a fire at an industrial site can be extremely dangerous. It can cause destruction of buildings and loss of lives.
A major fire can bring work to a halt, thus resulting in a major loss of business revenue. To prevent such an incident, it is important to devise certain fire safety measures. Let’s take a look at some of the effective fire safety strategies that you can implement.
Understand the Characteristics of Fire
The first step to effective fire safety is awareness. You should have a complete idea about the basic characteristics of fire in order to be able to devise the right strategies.
The incomplete combustion of substances, which occurs in the event of a fire, produces a colorless and odorless gas called carbon monoxide which can be quite harmful and result in carbon monoxide poisoning. When inhaled in copious amounts, this gas can deplete the oxygen in your body, thus making you feel light-headed. The gases emitted from a fire may make you feel drowsy. Such poisonous gases and smoke are more dangerous than the fire.
The heat of the fire can cause more damage than the fire itself. Asphyxiation and burns are major causes of deaths from fire. You should keep in mind that inhaling the hot air can sear your lungs. Using water is one of the best ways to extinguish a fire, except electrical and oil fires. Fire can spread quickly across the area. For example, it can engulf an area in as less as 2 minutes. Therefore, you should act quickly in the event of a fire to minimize damage.
Evaluate the Workplace for Fire Risks
One of the best ways to prevent a fire accident from happening is by eliminating the scopes of fire hazards. In industrial sites, workers are usually exposed to flammable materials. This can be a major fire hazard. Apart from that, electrical wiring in poor condition or overloaded electrical systems can result in a fire as well. Additionally, cooking appliances like stoves, heaters, furnaces, boilers, burners, ovens etc. can cause fire.
Proper analysis of hazards will help you devise effective fire prevention strategies.
Implement Fire Prevention Methods
Your fire prevention strategies should include proper placement of hazardous materials so that they are not in close proximity to any fire source. Additionally, fire extinguishers should be kept near these materials. Smoking should be strictly prohibited in these areas. In addition to that, any ignition source should not be kept near flammable materials.
Electrical equipment that are not working properly should not be used. Extension cords should not be kept lying around. This will prevent anyone from stepping on them. The storage areas should be free of waste paper, empty cartons, carpets, rags, curtains and any other material that can catch fire quickly.
Install Sprinkler Systems
Sprinkler systems are quite effective in ensuring maximum protection in the event of a fire. There are various kinds of sprinkler systems available. You can choose from among a variety of dry pipe, wet pipe, deluge and pre-action sprinkler systems to suit your requirements. Depending on the materials contained in the facility and other factors like size of the area etc. you can choose the best sprinkler system for the facility.
Assign Tasks to Employees
Panic takes hold of everyone as soon as a fire starts. As a result, people start rushing to escape it. Assigning employees tasks will aid in a planned and proper evacuation thus minimizing the possibility of accidents considerably. In response to a fire, all workers should take up their assigned roles to aid in safe evacuation and containing and dousing the fire quickly. Someone can be assigned the task of alerting the authorities about the accident and request for a prompt accident investigation.
In addition to that, your employees should be aware of the fire hazards. They should also know how to use a fire extinguisher. Additionally, they should be able to administer first aid to the workers who have been injured in the fire.
Implementing these fire safety tips will prevent fire accidents in industrial sites considerably.