Understanding Stroke, Its Diagnosis & Treatment

Understanding Stroke, Its Diagnosis & Treatment

Stroke is a condition known to affect your brain arteries which can result in immediate death or permanent disability, if not treated on time.

You encounter a stroke attack when a portion of your brain fails to get the required amount of oxygen-rich blood. A scarcity of oxygen supply results in the death of the brain nerve or cell, consequently, the body functions or parts managed by that particular nerve get affected. For instance, if the affected nerve or cell managed your eyes, you may encounter problems with the vision.

Often stroke makes people lose their feelings, muscle power, memory, speech or vision in some cases.

In certain cases, when the severity of the stroke is high and immediate treatment is not provided, the affected person either succumbs to death or is disabled for life.

This is why it is advisable that to minimize the risk and prevent any potential damage, quick medical care is very crucial. Any person suffering from a stroke attack must be taken to the hospital within 60 minutes for immediate treatment. Timely medical care can avert the symptoms from aggravating, and can even help prevent disability.

Diagnosis of Stroke

Timely stroke treatment in Ahmedabad is the key to preventing death or disability caused by stroke. You will be thoroughly examined by a neurologist or emergency doctor, to understand the medical condition presented and the possible reason behind the stroke attack.

Your symptoms are monitored to figure out the stroke type you are suffering from, and the intensity of stroke. You will be diagnosed to identify if you have encountered an ischemic or hemorrhagic stroke, as the treatment type for both varies.

Stroke diagnosis incorporates various modules that help in identifying the precise cause of stroke and even aids in designing the most suitable plan.

Generally, your neurologist will conduct the following tests to determine the perfect stroke treatment:

> Neurologic exam
> Brain imaging tests like CT, MRI, computerized tomography scan; or magnetic resonance imaging which helps in understanding stroke type, location, and extent
> Carotid and transcranial ultrasound and angiography to examine blood flow and bleeding sites. It even helps in knowing the blockage and narrowing of the two carotid arteries of your body
> Blood tests for bleeding or clotting disorders, as well as location of stroke 
> ECG (electrocardiogram) or Ultrasound examination (echocardiogram) of the heart to spot cardiac sources of blood clots traveling to the brain. It is done in cases where heart problems are suspected to be the primary cause of stroke 
> Tests to measure mental function

Treatment of Stroke

As soon as stroke is diagnosed, the treatment plan should be implemented without delay. According to experts, your brain cells start dying within 4 minutes of a stroke attack, which is why it’s very important that the treatment is not delayed, even by a second.

The purpose of the stroke treatment in Ahmedabad is to prevent further damage to the brain. Depending on how the stroke has been caused, the treatment module would vary. The stroke type would also stand decisive in planning the treatment course. Along with drugs, stroke surgery is also an option.

For a stroke attack caused by blocked flow of blood in the brain, the immediate treatment would majorly include clot-busting drugs. In some cases, the neurologists can even recommend drugs that thin the blood. If the medicines fail to give proper results, then a stroke surgery in Ahmedabad can be conducted which will open the narrowed blood vessels.

However, if the stroke has been caused due to bleeding within the brain, then you may be prescribed drugs that can maintain usual blood clotting, or reverse brain swelling. A surgery can also be conducted to remove the blood or cut down the pressure in brain.

Stroke surgery in Ahmedabad can even be helpful in fixing the broken blood vessels. In certain cases, the bleeding vessels can be blocked through the insertion of a coil.

After the treatment process, the patient is put on post-stroke rehabilitation that helps in overcoming the disabilities occurred due to stroke.

The treatment plan for stroke is designed only after thorough diagnosis. While designing the treatment plan, your neurologist will also consider the stroke type, its location in brain and your physical health. Based on these factors, the perfect stroke treatment is planned for better patient outcomes.

At Shalby Hospitals, our department of neurology is backed by neurosurgery and neuro-radiology wings; together, these three departments deliver the most comprehensive treatment in cases of stroke.

For more details, get in touch with us at info@shalby.org