Midterm Portfolio

Table of Contents:

Introduction — — — 1

Cover Letter — — — 2

Mini-Memoir— — — 3

Journal Entries — — — 4

First Day of School — — — 5

Heaven — — — 6

Word of the Year — — — 7

10 Statements That Start With “How About We…” — — — 8

I’m Thankful For— — — 9

I’d Rather Be — — — 10

Items For Sale — — — 11

Dialogue Practice— — — 12

Halloween Debate — — — 13

Writing Process — — — 14

Writing Center — — — — 15

Rhetorical Analysis 1(Response to “Letter To My Son” — — — 16

Rhetorical Analysis 2 ”Analysis of Parenting Styles” — — — 17

Possible Topics for Inquiry Paper — — — — 18

Questionnaire — — — — 19

Proposal — — — 20

How I Decided My Topic — — — 21

Early Report on Success and Frustrations — — — 22

Interview With A Source — — — 23

Source That I’m Most Excited About — — — 24

Rough Rough Draft — — — 25

Rough Draft (2nd Draft)— — — 26

Final Draft — — — 27

Introduction:

This portfolio will be about various topics completed so far in my ENG 101 course. This ENG 101 course is a great start as a freshman college student. I’ve worked on several writing pieces throughout the semester, from journal entries and summary responses to cover letters and essays. As a student that loves to write, I look forward to completing any writing assignments given and hopefully acquire stronger writing skills. These writing assignments will be accumulated into a portfolio. The English department requires students to submit a portfolio at the end of the semester, failure to do so will result in a failing grade. This portfolio is a gathering of assignments I’ve completed or still in the process of completing. The portfolio will reflect on how I’m doing so far in getting better at writing.

Cover Letter:

Intro- I love writing cover letters to institutions because I enjoy writing about myself. This assignment is extremely educational, especially to me because I will be using the skills I’ve learned from this assignment in writing my next cover letter for a future institution. It will help increase my chances in getting a call for a job interview. The next institution I’d apply to will include a well-written cover letter, with details on my capability to succeed in the given job role supported with relevant experience and examples to show that I can work and succeed in the job. Below is an example of a cover letter I’ve been using to apply for various institutions. Overall, I think the cover letter is decent and can appeal an institutions interest in calling me for an interview, however I think I could have done better in showing my skills. For example, I mentioned that I could work as a team member. Most institutions look for team members so this detail can help their decision in calling for an interview, however I could have given examples where I worked and succeeded in being a member of a team including sports teams and work experience. This cover letter is interesting for those who are looking to hire, however it would require more detail, perhaps an interview. For more detail, I would call myself for an interview to gather information on how I’d work as a team member and any other information mentioned in the letter, including communication skills. From there, I can decide whether I should be hired or not.

Dear Richard Stevenson,

My name is Shourov Deb and I recently came across your advertisement on craigslist about the company’s interest in hiring new workers in the retail field, and I am very interested in applying for the computer sales consultant position. I love computers, and ever since I was a young teenager I was aspired to work for Best Buy, as it is one of the best electronics corporations throughout America. Since I was a boy, I had a passion for computers. I love everything about them including browsing the web, playing games, building them, and learning the most about them. Throughout my four years in high school, I’ve taken computer courses to gain basic to advanced knowledge about computers. These courses include Computer-Tech, Cisco Networking, and A+. I know exactly the type of computer that will best suit a person’s desires. I write and speak English fluently and I enjoy communicating with others. Also, I am a very quick learner and am able to work as a team and an individual. Working at Best Buy has always been a goal of mine. I love the products that the company has to offer to their consumers. I feel that I would be a great addition to your team of workers. Thank you for considering; I am optimistic and look forward to hearing back from your management.

Sincerely,

Shourov Deb

My Very First Day of School(Mini-Memoir)

Back in 2002, my mom was helping me get dressed and prepared for what would be my first day of school. I never attended school previously, and it was my mother’s decision not to enroll me in pre-K because I would be away from her. Whenever I was away from my mom, I was in a state of frenzy. I would cry, jump, scream, punch, break things, and be violent. I was what my family and relatives described as “mommy’s little boy,” and until this day I do not disagree with that statement about me. So the day I was getting ready for my first day in Kindergarten, my mother told me over and over to introduce myself to everyone, try to make friends, and listen to the teacher. I can only imagine how unbearable it would be trying to do those things without my mother being present.

Then I was on my way to school, at P.S.11, for the first time in my life. I remember my mother was walking with me, which naturally made me feel comfortable. On the way we made one stop to a small supermarket where she bought me my favorite snack, Yin-Yan Chocolate Sticks. She told me the teacher will give us snack time and that’s when I would be allowed to eat it. This made me a bit less anxious as I started to think the teacher would be really nice to me. Finally, we made it to the school and walked up a burgundy painted staircase into a hut-like room, which was where our classroom was. I noticed so many people, including teachers and classmates that I was unfamiliar with. I wasn’t feeling scared because my mother was still with me. Class was about to start which meant the parents should be leaving. I convinced my mom to stay with me for an additional five minutes. As she told me she was going to leave, I started to feel nervous again. Eventually, it was time for her to leave and I was left alone with my classmates and teacher. I was getting anxious again, but I sat in my seat and listened to what the teacher had to say.

Students were asked to come up to the front and introduce themselves. Several students went up and introduced themselves. Eventually it was my turn to introduce myself. I went up to the front and didn’t say a word. All the students were looking at me and the teacher was speaking towards me, saying something I don’t exactly remember, but it had involved something about the students being my friends. She was trying to make me feel comfortable, but I was feeling quite the opposite at that moment. I was standing for about a minute, all quiet, and that’s when I felt extremely nervous and needed my mother with me! I cried, and soon started screaming when the teacher was trying to get me to relax. I jumped and landed on my knees to the floor. I remember grabbing my teacher’s leg then, when she wasn’t looking, and threw her off balance. From then, my mother said I was smacking her several times. My guidance consoler, who was just next door of the classroom, came and picked me up to move me away. My teacher got back on her feet, with no visible injuries, however she claimed I had scratched her. After this incident, the guidance counselor called my mother and explained the whole situation. My mother was not happy at all. She was extremely disappointed with me. After a long talk, she decided she has no choice but to stay with me for a period of time until I feel comfortable with the classroom and being away from her. My mother, manager of Dunkin Donuts at the time, missed work and stayed in the classroom with me for two whole weeks. She was right next to me during class the whole time. I would constantly look at her and back at the teacher. During those two weeks the guidance counselor frequently called me and worked with me to feel comfortable. I was next door where I could not see my mother, but she was there in the classroom. I think this was essential to help me relax without my mother in the future. This is a situation I look back and laugh at and has never left neither my mother’s nor my mind.

Journal Entries:

10 statements that start with, “I believe…”

1. I believe in god. (Having the idea that god exists.)

2. I believe in religion. (Following religious practices and traditions as a lifestyle choice.)

3. I believe in luck. (Believe that luck exists at times, it’s not always a coincidence.)

4. I believe in love at first sight. (The feeling of love occurring immediately at first glance.)

5. I believe in destiny. (An event occurring that is meant to be.)

6. I believe in superhumans. (Those humans that possess superpowers that are beyond human capability such as the ability to lift up extremely heavy weight, super strength.)

7. I believe that the Mets are going to win the World Series. (Baseball team that may defeat all opposing teams to claim World Series title.)

8. I believe that 9/11 was an inside job. (CIA was involved in the collapse of the second tower.)

9. I believe the world will end very soon. (Natural issues can cause the world to end very soon.)

10. I believe Obama is the greatest president ever. (Had his ups and downs but was a great president for the people overall, perhaps the best ever.)

What I’m Into:

I am into:

· Playing sports(basketball, baseball, football)

· Surfing the web.

· Traveling to different places in New York and around the world.

· Watching TV.

· Chilling with my friends and/or family.

· Listening to music.

· Trying to sing.

· Looking through baby albums.

· Writing.

· Reading.

· Watching sports videos.

· Playing games on my phone.

· Texting.

· Driving.

· Sharing my thoughts with others.

· Expressing myself.

· Lifting weights.

What things make a piece of writing worth reading?

· Use of rhetoric techniques.

· Details.

· An interesting story with events. Well constructed plot.

· Providing a lesson.

· Gaining knowledge.

· Providing facts and opinions.

· The author’s use of figurative language, including imagery.

· Involving controversy and debate.

· Having celebrity figures included in the writing piece.

The typical feeling for most students on the first day of school.

The First Day Of School Is…..

The first day of school is the time to prepare for getting up on a regular schedule, bring supplies, attend class for lectures and predict/imagine how school and life would be after the first day. Usually, a student is anxious on how school will be for them on the first day, including whether they meet new friends, how the professors will be like, and how his/her schedule will look like. After the students complete their first day of school, they will usually feel a sense of accomplishment and think about their classes and professors afterwards.

Welcome to Heaven….

Heaven:

There is a place called Heaven where people go after their death and spend their after life. The poem describes how Heaven is a place where all the memories and experience with a person that is dead is forever remembered at this place. These memories are acknowledged at Heaven and are regarded as the past. Anyone who has lost a loved one and remembers the laughs, the tough times, the struggles, the experiences, the sad, and angry times should think about that person in Heaven.

Oxford’s 2015 Word Of The Year is…... an Emoji!

Word Of The Year:

The “Face with Tears of Joy” emoji is a very interesting pick as the word of the year. This means that many people use this emoji to describe how they feel toward something or their reaction toward a certain situation. People may use it when they find a statement hilarious. They mostly use this emoji for situations that they feel are silly and/or amusing. The selection for this emoji as the word of the year shows us that people have moved towards a different language of every day communication. Instead of following regular tradition and using words to communicate, this selection shows how people would rather use an image in response to how they react. Oxford says the emoji describes the “ethos, mood, and preoccupations of 2015.” I agree with this statement because people in this generation enjoy communicating with the inclusion of emojis instead of past generations of just plain text. People may feel that this image best describes how they feel. Also, they may not want to write words all the time and send an image to depict the person’s mood or feeling. Out of all the options, I would have picked this emoji as well because I strongly believe that this emoji can best describe someone’s feeling or reaction without the use of only plain text in previous generations. This emoji best describes a person’s reaction or mood. It may be used for multiple situations as well such as something that’s totally hilarious, such as a really funny joke, or something that’s stupid or silly, such as a person slipping and falling on the floor. Other emojis may be a reaction to something only specific, such as an angry face emoji only depicting anger.

10 statements for a dating site that start, “How about we…”

How about we exchange contact information so we can keep in touch.

How about we hook up at my house and perhaps watch Netflix.

How about we get to know each other a little bit more before we move too fast.

How about we settle for a romantic date with a nice cup of tea at a place of your choice.

How about we chat all night and sleep and chat the next night and sleep and repeat until we are tired of each other.

How about we play truth or dare with a webcam but nothing personal, I’ll flip a coin to see who goes first.

How about we share our secrets, it can be personal and I will answer to everything.

How about we get married after a month of chatting at Paris on top of the Eiffel Tower.

How about we study together and be great partners, I heard it’s the best and most appropriate way to get to know a stranger.

I’m Thankful For:

I’m thankful for chocolate bars and chocolate milkshakes.

I’m thankful for quality professors.

I’m thankful such a great first semester in college experience.

I’m thankful for holidays, especially Halloween and Christmas.

I’m thankful to be born in America.

I’m thankful for our nation’s army.

I’m thankful for fast food stores in nearly every corner around my campus.

I’m thankful for money always being in my wallet.

I’m thankful for my smart phone ever since the release of the iPhone 6.

I’m thankful for Apple products for supplying the best possible electronic devices, including my phone and my MacBook Pro.

I’d Rather Be:

1. I rather be home chilling on bed and watching netflix on my laptop.

2. I’d rather be in college in a SUNY, prefferably SUNY Buffalo, but i don’t mind being in other SUNY’s.

3. I’d rather be serving in the army instead of going to school.

4. I’d rather be in the gym lifting weights instead of being in class.

5. I’d rather be utilizing my free time during community hour to do extracurricular activies such as joining clubs (Especially mock trial) instead of just chilling.

6. I’d rather be living in Miami, Florida for my entire life instead of growing up and living here in New York.

7. I’d rather be writing in my notebook or binder instead of typing this assignment here on blackboard.

8. I’d rather brush my teeth in the night instead of the day.

9. I’d rather be working at the mall at any store instead of working at my current job assisting kids at school.

10. I’d rather be finishing and submitting my homework late and well-thought out instead of early and rushed.

Items For Sale:

Beats Solo Headphones:

This is a listing for a pair of Beats by Dr. Dre Solo Headphones. The headphones have been used only twice and they’re in mint/excellent pre-owned condition; almost brand new. The headphones come with a carrying case and a 3.5mm audio cable, which was included with the purchase of the headphones. The quality of the headphones very sharp and there are no signs of scratches, scuffs, or and wear and tear on the headphones. You won’t even realize that these headphones have been pre-owned. I am selling these headphones because I have received a pair of Beats Studio Headphones as a gift from my aunt and I will not need the Beats solo pair. The retail price for this pair of headphones is $110. I am selling it for a firm but reasonable of $70. Buy it while you can, it will sell fast! Please contact my email at shourovdeb@yahoo.com if you need any additional information, including pictures and questions.

-Shourov Deb

Factory-Unlocked Apple IPhone 4S:

This is a listing for a pre-owned Factory-unlocked 16g IPhone 4S. There are some scratches on the back of the phone and no visible scratches on the front screen. The phone works great, no issues with anything, and is ready to be yours with just a sim card. This phone has 16g of memory, and can hold a decent amount of photos, apps, etc. and it has been restored to factory settings. This phone is factory-unlocked and will only work for T-Mobile! The price is listed at $60 and is negotiable. Please contact my email shourovdeb@yahoo.com if you have any questions or pictures of the phone.

-Shourov Deb

“Hey, how’re you doing?”

Dialogue Practice:

The following dialogue is a conversation between a couple over the telephone.

Boyfriend: “Hey baby girl!” he said happily.

Girlfriend: “Hey,” she said emotionlessly.

Boyfriend: “What’s the matter, are you feeling okay?”

Girlfriend: “Yeah, I’m fine.”

Boyfriend: “Can I ask you a question?” he asked eagerly.

Girlfriend: “Go for it,” she said uninterestedly.

Boyfriend: “Do you still love me?” he asked.

Girlfriend: “No,” she replied.

Boyfriend: “But I gave you everything. I gave you my entire life and now you’re saying that you don’t love me?” he shouted.

Girlfriend: “Yup, that’s pretty much it,” she replied calmly.

Boyfriend: “You’re a horrible person!” he yelled.

Girlfriend: “Okay, bye.”

-Telephone disconnects-

Halloween Debate:

The idea that certain costumes should not be worn on Halloween because it may offend some people is quite unreasonable. The idea of Halloween is for people to dress up in a costume, grab a candy bag and go outside, and visit various stores and houses for candy for one night every year. Some older teenagers/young adults may even choose to go to a party instead. Some may dress do look and/or be a different person for one day of the year. People should be able to wear costumes on campus or outside. If people are offended by what someone is wearing on the night of Halloween, they are simply being oversensitive. It is extremely likely that the person wearing a costume that is following the Halloween tradition (Trick-or-treating) is not intending to offend the person in any way. He/she is simply wearing a costume he/she may like and is going out to collect candy. If a person is not going outside for trick-or-treating, he/she person may just want to look or be someone different once a year. It is a Halloween tradition that has been going on for several years. The only reasonable situation that I can think of that can actually offend a person and can be accounted for is if a person wears a mask resembling a famous figure’s skin color. If a white person wears a Jackie Robinson baseball uniform along with a black mask, it may offend the blacks. Segregation has existed in our society and even today people are dealing with racism and discrimination situations. A white person wearing a black mask can offend someone even if the white person does not intend to offend him. The white person may argue that the mask symbolizes the fact that he is the first African-American baseball player and it is essential to go along with the costume, but it is still reasonable if one gets offended. Also, it may not always be the case. A person may wear a black mask while wearing a Kevin Garnett basketball uniform, which may offend.

An example of a costume a person may wear that is extremely unlikely to offend is a black belt for Halloween. Karate is a martial art involving punching and kicking and certain colored belts symbolizes the rank of karate competence and experience the belt holder has, black being the highest. Karate has some cultural and religious aspects to the sport which is reasonable if a person will be offended if they see someone wearing it that isn’t a karate master, however a person may wear it on Halloween for a number of reasons that do not intend to offend in any way. If a person has no intent to offend others and if it’s just a costume for Halloween, then there should be no reason why others should be offended by this costume. If a person is offended it shows that his or her extreme sensitivity which will not be accounted for by majority of people. My little cousin at the time wore a karate outfit with a black belt for one Halloween night and he went trick or treating with my family and I. He always loved karate as a kid and convinced his parents to allow and support him to take a karate class. He wore the costume as a kid to show his love, respect, and passion for karate. He also mentioned that he was determined to get a black belt when he grows older. Does that mean someone should be offended because he is wearing a karate costume with a black belt? No, it’s the opposite principal as in he is respecting the culture and is determined to earn a black belt. Also, today he is 19 years old and holds a black belt in karate.

My kind of study environment.

My Writing Process:

My writing process involves a completely quiet room away from distractions that may interrupt my thinking process. I usually write the most when I am in a quiet room. Also, I write the most understandable and clear form of writing when I’m away from distractions. Before an essay, I usually drink coffee and make sure I am completely awake and active to continue writing as clear and as much as I can. I often take short breaks and use my phone to check Instagram and Snapchat. After my short breaks, my though process will continue and I will write as much as I can in detail. I usually write essays in the night because I am away from all distractions and it is usually the quietest in the night since everyone is asleep.

Writing Center:

I’ve learned a lot of interesting facts in the writing center on topics I previously though I’ve mastered. For example, the topic of plagiarism seemed basic to me, but it turned out that I did not know everything there was to know about plagiarism. For example, poorly paraphrasing a source’s quote is considered plagiarism. I’ve done that several times throughout my school career, starting as early as elementary school, unaware that it was plagiarism. The teacher told us to make sure and quote it instead. Another interesting workshop session was “citing evidence.” I knew that citing evidence was important, but I did not know how it can expand and improve the quality of the paper because facts and details from sources are included. This workshop made me realize that I should include many sources and cite evidence for my claims in my inquiry paper. Overall, the writing center was a very helpful experience in helping me improve my writing.

Rhetorical Analysis 1:

Coate’s “Letter to My Son” from Between the World and Me

Assignment instructions:

Read and then write a response to Coates’ Letter to my Son. My example focuses on rhetorical techniques and yours should note those things, but it’s just as important for you to talk about what IDEAS, both for topics, format, uses of evidence that the piece gives you.

This assignment was interesting because I realized how some African-American individuals are judged in our society solely based on the fact that they are black. Laws passed several years ago indicating that all men are created equal. We own something called natural rights. Those are rights that we are born with, however it seems to be disregarded by people and ironically even police officers. The letter attached to the assignment was very convincing and made me believe that African-Americans, despite being regular people like us, are perceived differently than any other individuals in our society. The author uses several rhetorical techniques to establish his point. I was able to locate the areas in the letter in which he used rhetorical techniques quite easily, as I was convinced by those techniques as well. These techniques are indicated in my response.

Response to Coate’s “Letter to My Son”

Throughout many generations, the society we live in has gone through several significant changes to accommodate the rights of each individual, yet these rights seem to be in favor of a specific race and not in the favor of another. The terrible fact is that blacks were discriminated against and victims of slavery several years ago, however since then laws were passed declaring that all individuals are created equal. The author cited the words “The two great divisions of society are not the rich and poor, but white and black” by former senator of South Carolina named John C. Calhoun to provide an example of how detached those two races are despite the laws of equality for all men and women. This letter written by an African-American father named Ta-Nehisi Coates sends a strong and valuable message to his son, a 15-year old African-American. The author is writing this letter to his son because he knows that his son is aware of the more recent police brutality ensuing on black people. The author shares his experience and emotion in how dangerous it can be to live as a black individual.

The author begins with a straightforward opening sentence addressing the topic of his concern. In his opening paragraph, the author uses descriptive writing and rich imagery to describe how he reacted when he was asked a question by a host of a news show about what it meant to lose his body. The author writes “When the host asked me about my body, her face faded from the screen, and was replaced by a scroll of words, written by me earlier that week,” using phrases such as “face faded from the screen” and “replaced by a scroll of words” to create an image of how his response sounded like. Afterwards, the host read those words to the crowd and questioned him about his ideas on foundation of the progress of white Americans. He introduced American history in the letter, using specific dates in history to support his claim. The author writes, “Democracy is a forgiving God.” The author uses a powerful metaphor to define a democracy, comparing the term to orthodox views. I believe this was one of the most effective use of words as it demonstrated a clear understanding of democracy. Further, he wrote, “Americans, in a real sense, have never betrayed their God.” These two sentences describe how Americans respect democracy. The author mentions a portion of Abraham Lincoln’s speech in 1863 where he said, “that government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth.” The author discovered the definition of the term “people” meant according to Americans; and that the country’s definition did not apply to blacks.

In recent years, the number of black deaths caused by police brutality has been increasing and has garnered attention throughout the world. The author describes how a large number of deaths each year caused by officers are black individuals, bringing up the topic of discrimination. The author further describes how it is a tradition for the death of blacks and using the example of slavery in the past. The author mentions names of most recent victims of police brutality including Eric Garner, Michael Brown, John Crawford, and Tamir Rice. The author strongly supports his claim of black deaths by mentioning these victims, all black, being assaulted and/or killed for low-level crimes. This is unfair because those individuals are being killed for such low-profile crimes while there are others living and getting away with high-profile crimes. Police should learn how to handle every situation appropriately. If an individual threatens with a deadly weapon, he is considered dangerous and should be handled appropriately. When an unarmed individual is caught selling cigarettes, looking at goods at a store, or committing any other low-profile crime cops should approach with caution, question the suspect, and be handled with the least amount of physical contact and violence. I believe the government will soon handle this situation. I am expecting the government to issue specific training to officers in how to deal with high-level and low-level criminals.

Throughout the letter, the author also uses the word “body” frequently instead of the word “life.” This effective technique is the author’s way of emphasizing the physical features of the individual, such as race and/or skin color, instead of his or her inner features, or his personality/life. For example, in the section “They made us into a race. We made ourselves into a people,” the author writes “It could not save my body” and “it made me understand what the loss of all our black bodies really meant.”

In the body of the letter, the author described a life risking experience he had encountered in his youth. During the author’s youth, growing up black in the streets of Baltimore was dangerous and violent. Law enforcement did not protect him in his youth and in the society today law officials seem to create chaos out of a small situation. In the section “This is your country, this is your world, this is your body, and you must find some way to live within the all of it,” the author describes a moment he had witnessed as a child where a normal day in the streets could have turned into a near fatal one. The author writes, “The boy with the small eyes reached into his ski jacket and pulled out a gun. I could recall it in the slowest motion, as though in a dream.” The author’s use of vivid imagery depicts the anxiety he had felt in that moment. The boy, who possessed the gun, symbolizing a deadly device, flashed it repeatedly as a threat message to the boy standing close to the author. The author could have been shot if the boy with small eyes fired the gun towards the boy close to him.

The overall format of the letter was based upon personal experience and history leading to the closing statement. The author closes out his letter to his son by writing how he must struggle in the world he lives in today, specifically to protect his body from police and injustice. The author closes out the letter with the sentence “I would have you be a conscious citizen of this terrible and beautiful world.” The phrase “terrible and beautiful world” is the author’s use of antanagoge effectively describes how the society is unique in both a good and a bad way. . The author constructed the letter to be detailed, understandable, and very knowledgeable.

Rhetorical Analysis 2:

An essay you’re drawn to in the Inquiry Inspiration section in Content. Focus on what it’s doing that you’d like to do in your inquiry paper.

Essay:

“Analysis of parenting styles”

This assignment was entertaining because I read about an interesting argument about parenting styles. Many people, including myself, would say that children should never be kept alone in order to prevent any risk of harm happening to them. The author of this article, Clemins Wergin, made interesting points about how children can benefit if they’re left alone to do certain things. This is ironic, but the information presented in the article made me change my view about children being under constant supervision.

In this essay, the author establishes a point on how parents should be allowed to let their children do certain things independently, instead doing so may cause them to run into trouble with the law. Children can develop their character when they are given this opportunity. They can also gain confidence in their own abilities. The author does a great job establishing his point on how children can mature at an earlier age when they are given opportunities to do things independently.

When children aren’t under the supervision of their parents or adults for certain things, they can benefit from their experience without being under supervision. One example the author uses is in the beginning of the essay, where he describes how his daughter roamed around the new neighborhood they moved in and learned about the environment as well as making friends along the way too. Examples such as this one are essential to include in my inquiry paper because it will support my topic and establish my point.

In a case of 0-year-old Rafi and 6-year-old Dvora Meitiv, these two kids walked home from the park after their parents dared them to walk home alone. Their parents’ goal was to teach them to be independent by walking home alone rather than having their parents supervise them. The children’s’ parents were found guilty of “unsubstained child negligence.” The parents’ intention was to help benefit the children by letting them arrive home from the park without being with them. Instead they were committing a crime. This case is an example of how the author develops his point. It includes a moment of history where a situation intended for helping turns out negative by law officials. I am expecting to be using several examples involving moments in history in my inquiry paper.

Another effective method that I want to use in my inquiry paper is including survey studies and statistics. The author includes the study by the University of California, Los Angeles indicating that American kids “spend 90 percent of their leisure time at home, often in front of the TV or playing video games,” describing how kids are very often at home with their parents. Another statistic he used is a study in 1999 where “only 115 children nationwide were victims of a “stereotypical kidnapping” by a stranger; the overwhelming majority were abducted by a family member” and “2,931 children under 15 died as passengers in car accidents.” These statistics show that driving students around can be more dangerous than letting children roam independently. Both these statistics contribute to the idea that letting children to be independent rather than being supervised all the time can be safe.

I like how the author uses his own experience to prove his point. I believe that writing about personal experience can be the most understandable piece of information to the author. Instead of only including periods in history and evidence, adding personal experience as well can help the reader better understand the author’s point. For this reason, I want to use as much as personal experience in my inquiry paper. Also, writing my personal experience in the paper can keep me interested in my inquiry topic.

Possible Topics for Inquiry Paper:

Topic 1: America’s Billionaires and their stories on how they became so successful

I want to explore the filthy rich individuals that exist in our country, including the first billionaires, and how they reached a point of wealth where more than 99% of Americans have never reached and are far from reaching. I also want to research their personal lives, struggles, and early achievements and question how they overcame their struggles and made such a tremendous amount of wealth. I’m very drawn to this topic because there are very few billionaires in America despite the population of over 300 million people. I want to research their personal life and watch interviews where some may speak about their “secrets” in such success. I think it will be very exciting for others to read about because almost every mature individual realizes the value of money and all individuals have basic needs and wants. The more money an individual has the greater amount of goods they can purchase. Most individuals may see a million dollars as a lot of money. Those individuals may think it’s impossible for one to have a net worth of a billion dollars or more. This topic will address individuals that have that kind of wealth and prove that is in fact possible for an individual to own a billion dollars or more.

Topic 2: Transformation of the City Dubai

I want to explore the popular city of Dubai how it came to its extreme luxurious and captivating environment. I will obtain research on Dubai’s earliest existence and how it became such a successful city with such luxury, including what the economy’s sales consist of. I would address the question on how this city became so wealthy. I am drawn to this topic because Dubai is a unique city where people enjoy such a lavish lifestyle in. For example, the police cars in Dubai are luxurious supercars such as Ferraris and Lamborghinis and the city has the largest skyscraper in the world. Information on the transformation of Dubai will include how Dubai became the city that it is today from nothing but an empty desert. I think people will enjoy reading about the city because it has such an extraordinary transformation. People turned a completely empty desert area into one of the most luxurious cities in the world. Questions that might also be asked/addressed would be how does a desert city support millions of people with a large supply of water, especially considering the extremely hot temperatures of the city with hardly any rain? These are questions and facts that most people do not know about and some may be incorrect about.

Answers To Topic Questionnaire:

-Which is the most promising topic, and why? I think the America’s billionaires topic is the most promising because I have a great amount of interest in this topic and I can write several pages on this topic.

-How is this a question that can be explored through research? (Not just library-style, but interviews and experience…)

Billionaires conduct interviews giving information on what it takes to be a billionaire. This information is very valuable considering the low number of billionaires existing in America.

-Is this something you’d want to read/write about for 10 pages? (Is it interesting???) Briefly explain why. Yes, I would read and write 10 pages about this topic. It is interesting because it is an extraordinary feat to accomplish billionaire status. Less than .001% people in America have this remarkable status. Several people in the world strive to be successful. To learn about it through research and writing can help pass information from the world’s most successful people.

-Could a writer have a new or surprising angle on this idea? (for example, “Breast Cancer is Bad” is not a fresh/interesting angle. But talking about the Issues of the Breast Cancer Awareness culture/industry COULD be interesting.) Perhaps people could question why this information is relevant when it seems to be nearly impossible to accomplish such a feat. They can turn the topic into “Chances of being a billionaire.”

-Is it focused enough, even for a vague idea at this point? (for example, the difference between “Nutrition and Kids” and “Nutrition for Kids in Underserved Areas”)It seems to be pretty straight-forward on the topic of billionaire and definitely a topic to write several pages about.

-How is this a real inquiry, a topic that the author can explore and learn about, rather than a basic history, or an opinion that they’re just marching to prove (For example: Why The Drinking Age Should be 21 or Weed Should be Legal are more boring opinion topics, but How.

Most people are unaware on what it takes to be a billionaire. Sure it takes success along with some luck, but people do not know the inside information on becoming a billionaire. Billionaires that share their stories, which I will write about, will further describe this idea.

-How is this a paper topic, rather than a tweet or blog post? (The topic should not have a SIMPLE answer)

It has many details associated with the topic. If a person wants to know the exact information on how billionaires are so successful and how they did it, they must learn about their stories as a child to their current successful status. They must also learn much about what they do to have and maintain such wealth, including the businesses associated with their success.

Proposal:

What does it take to be a billionaire?

How I Decided On My Topic:

The topic of billionaires fascinates me in several ways. I came across this topic while reading a book for my economics class. It’s also a question I had since I was a kid. The book includes several successful billionaires and described how they became so successful. The book also mentions that some individuals had very little wealth and ended up achieving billionaire status. This topic fascinates me because there is a population of over 300 million people and less than .0001% of those individuals are billionaires.

Early Report on Success & Frustrations:

So far in the report, I had some success in finding relevant information online and in books. I indicated one billionaire that had a very interesting story from being poor to billionaire status. Accurate information on this man’s story was found in a book rather than entirely online sources. I also found several other billionaires having a story to their billionaire status. Those billionaires have a detailed story, including their success and their failures. One frustration I had experienced is organization of information. I am still having trouble deciding what order I am going to put my information in to make the essay sound the best to the reader.

Interview with Sam Wilkin

Article: Wealth Secrets Of The One Percent: How The Super-Rich Became Uber Rich

Interviewer: Hi, can you tell me a little bit about yourself?

Sam Wilkin: My name is Sam Wilkin, I am a 41 year-old senior adviser economist for Oxford Economics, which is one of the world’s foremost global research consultancies. I’m also a senior adviser for Oxford Analytica. In my book, Wealth Secrets Of The One Percent, I give advice on how people become billionaires and give examples of some of the world’s most prestigious billionaires.

Interviewer: Very interesting. Can you begin by explaining some ways on how people can become billionaires?

Sam Wilkin: There are two ways in which a person can follow on their road to becoming a billionaire. The first way is to partake in a field of business or market and obliterating the competition. That is, completely wiping out the competitors and dominating the entire market. The second way is to join a market where there is very little competition. You should seek for a place that is so hard to do business and is easier to wipe out competition and expand your business. These places may be difficult to find, but not impossible.

Interviewer: What kind of character traits does a person need to have in order to be a billionaire?

Sam Wilkin: Personality is also essential in becoming a billionaire. A person who wants to become a billionaire must be extremely competitive and confident in his/her ability to beat the competition in a market. Being extremely competitive includes the desire to be the one and only person to dominate a market. Also, you must be comfortable and untroubled to wipe out all other competitors in the market. These personality traits can contribute to your success and road to becoming a billionaire.

Interviewer: Do billionaires have to come from a certain environment to achieve such success?

Sam Wilkin: Not exactly. There are billionaires that came from either rich or poor families. They come from different environments and usually have a desire for wealth or a passion for a something. Bill Gates, the founder of Microsoft, had a passion for computer science and programming. He always told his college classmates that he would one day become a millionaire, having the desire for substantial wealth but not expecting such an extraordinary amount. He is now the richest person on the planet. Those billionaires had desire and passion while some billionaires may be a bit lucky. For example, they may be running a successful multi-millionaire company and another company may buy that company for a billion or more dollars because that’s what they feel the company is worth. Sometimes that is true, sometimes it may be false. The company can end up crashing and going downhill, which will diminish some of the worth of the company.

Interviewer: Do you believe it’s worth thinking about being a billionaire considering the very low chance in being a billionaire?

Sam Wilkin: It depends on the person’s desire. Most of us are competitive and they want to work hard and make money. Most college students should be aware that they are competing with each other for jobs in the future. The individuals, who strive for success, have a desire for a vast fortune, passion for something, and are extreme and fierce competitors who successfully destroy their market competition will be those who have potential to become a billionaire. Billionaires are extraordinary people and they deserve a lot of credibility. These billionaires have a great desire for wealth, and live a far more lavish lifestyle than millionaires. Instead of just having fancy luxury cars and a big house, they have personal helicopters, yachts, extremely expensive jewelry, and private islands. Also, these individuals most likely have a charity they are funding to help support those in need. The great amount of wealth they possess and are willing to give away can be extremely beneficial to charity. Personally, I don’t have a great desire for wealth. I believe happiness isn’t determined by one’s bank balance. I am aware that there are billionaires that are happy because they live their life style while giving their money to those who need help. I don’t have such a desire to stay on top but I’m sure there are people who do have that kind of desire.

Interviewer: Thank you for your time, Sam Wilkin!

Sam Wilkin: My pleasure.

What source are you most excited about?

I am most excited about the interviews for certain billionaires that provide information on how they grew up from childhood to billionaire and other information relating to the topic. The reason why this source is most exciting is because I will be able to write what they had to say in an interview and possibly offer my opinion or a point about what they are saying and how it relates to my inquiry paper topic.

Describe one way you are interacting with/using a source.

This source is a personal interview with billionaire individuals. I plan on including this source to build some thoughts on what they had to say and how it relates to the inquiry paper topic. This includes discussing my opinions on their responses.

Describe your dream source.

My dream source is a song (or songs) that emphasizes the songwriter’s urge to be a billionaire. I am aware of one song that satisfies this dream source, where the artist sings about his want to be a billionaire, and I hope to find more songs that relate to this topic. This is a good source because these words will be coming from a particularly well-known celebrity, which many people will listen to and understand what he or she has to say.

What are you find the most difficult about the inquiry paper process, and briefly why?

I am having difficulty deciding on what information I should put into the article on specific billionaires. Most information given online is a biography on the billionaire, and I am not entirely interested in their entire biography. I am interested in how they grew up as a child and their thoughts on how they went from a child to an adult with a billionaire status.

What are you enjoying most about the inquiry paper process, and why?

I am enjoying finding relavent information on all these billionaire individuals. I enjoy this the most because I want to find something in common in all these billionaire individuals’ story on how they became billionaires. This might potentially lead to an answer on what it takes to be a billionaire.

Rough Rough Draft:

An extraordinary status in human life is the billionaire status. Those individuals living today who are billionaires are by far the richest people in the world. They are filthy rich individuals that have met with such an outstanding point of wealth in life. Most of us want to be successful, perhaps be a millionaire. Those who plan on being millionaires most likely believe that life is set, that they can buy luxurious cars and large mansions. The truth is that is not even close to the case. Millionaires have to be stable in order to have a set lifestyle. If their wealth is not growing or maintained, they will not have a “set lifestyle.” A mansion, costing millions, require maintenance that will cost a substantial amount of money that millionaires cannot afford. This also applies to the cost of luxury cars. Being a billionaire is the closest thing to having a set lifestyle, as having a billion or more dollars is more than enough for individuals to know what to even do with it. So what does it take to become a billionaire? You will be amazed on how many of these billionaires started with nothing.

In the world, there are only 1,645 billionaires as of 2014. In the United States of America, there are only 536. Considering the country’s population of 318 million and a world population of 7 billion, that number seems impossible to reach. How did those individuals make that much wealth? Famous billionaire Bill Gates came from a family of successful people. His father was a lawyer and his mother served on the board of directors. His parents had a career for law in mind for him. As a student at Harvard law school, he did not have a definite study plan and in fact, he was a college dropout. During his time at Harvard he was very often on the computers, along with a small group of friends, learning about source code and software development. He was so proficient in his work and often looking through every line of code to make sure it fits. He did not focus on business details; instead he focused on coding. After a while he became so successful with the launching of his Microsoft windows product and eventually Microsoft Word that he earned several billion dollars.

Now what about those who started from nothing? They seem to have the most influential story on being a billionaire. Albert Ueltschi, once a high school student working at a hot dog stand, has a net worth of approximately 1.85 billion dollars. He is the youngest of seven children. He also reported having emotional problems as a high school student including stress and depression. However, during that time in high school he had one goal in mind: to learn to fly a plane. He collected money from his profits at the self-owned hot dog stand and borrowed 3,500 dollars to buy an airplane. He used his airplane to sell rides, air shows, and eventually flew clients around the city. He fulfilled his goal to fly a plane, and it came with much more than he expected. He borrowed another 15,000 to start his business, FlightSafety International. This company was made to train pilots. After several years, he sold the company for a staggering 1.5 billion dollars. From there he became a billionaire, growing from relatively poor to rich with nothing but a high school diploma.

David Murdock, once a homeless man and serving in World War II, has a net worth of 3.5 billion. He grew up in a poor family with his father being a traveling salesman and his mother worked at a laundry mat folding clothes and scrubbing floors. He borrowed $1,200 and bought a diner. He managed to sell the diner shortly after buying and made a profit of $700. He used the money to buy a car to drive to Arizona. Over there he started building homes and eventually did commercial real estate. This led to his success as a billionaire after acquiring control of International Mining. Another clue to his success lies in his statement “To do the impossible, you must see the invisible.”

In order to be a billionaire, you must go for things you never thought would be possible. These billionaires all had a goal and a plan, even when some of them were broke and struggling for money. It takes a lot to be a billionaire. A person needs to develop that character in order to achieve such a feat.

Inquiry Paper 2nd Draft:

An extraordinary status in human life is the billionaire status. Those type individuals living today are billionaires are by far the richest people in the world. They are filthy rich individuals that have met with such an outstanding point of wealth in life. Most of us want to be successful, perhaps be a millionaire. Those who plan on being millionaires most likely believe that life would be set for them and that they can buy luxurious cars and large mansions. The truth is that is not even close to the case. Millionaires have to be stable in order to have a “set” lifestyle. If their wealth is not growing or maintained, they will not have the kind of lifestyle as expected to have. A mansion, costing millions, requires maintenance that will cost a substantial amount of money that millionaires may not be able to afford. This also applies to the cost of luxury cars. Being a billionaire is the closest thing to having a set lifestyle, as having a billion or more dollars is more than enough for those individuals to live luxurious, help the world, and maintain themselves for a lifetime. So what does it take to become a billionaire? You would be amazed in the fact that there are many billionaires that started with nothing.

People who wish to become billionaires don’t necessarily have to come from wealthy families; instead they must have specific and superior characteristics. Some of these characteristics are a strong idea, a unique skill set, an investment of some sort, ability to maintain and innovate, passionate in a certain skill, talent, confident, and usually some luck. These are key qualities in the road to becoming a billionaire, however this combination of qualities in a person isn’t common. If a person has all these qualities, then he/she may have what it takes to become a billionaire. People may believe to have all these qualities but still not be a billionaire. One possible reason for this is the person may have other character traits that affect them, such as diminished effort or laziness. A person who owns a million-dollar company may decide to cut back on his/her hours, rely on the employers, and focus on running and maintaining the wealth from the business instead of constantly competing and expanding the company. Another possible reason is the person may not be lucky enough so that quality isn’t going to be self-determined. It is impossible to determine how lucky your outcomes will be in the future. Some billionaires may not consider their fortune to be earned from luck, rather from hard work, competitiveness, passion, and determination. Despite the company being successful, the competition of those billion dollar companies may be out of reach or they may have attempted to grow the company at not the greatest of times or situations. Essentially, the person may believe that they possess all these qualities, but that person is not superior to their competitors. Sam Wilkin, an economist and author of Wealth Secrets of the One Percent: A Modern Manual to Getting Marvelously, Obscenely Rich, said “if you want to become a billionaire, you often have to choose to operate in a market where there is only one winner, and further said “not only that you have to be utterly competitive and confident in your own ability to be that winner, you have to be untroubled by the prospect of wiping everyone else out.” In these quotes, Sam Wilkin mentioned some character traits that are necessary in becoming a billionaire and required if one expects to dominate the competition. Essentially, one must have to be extremely competitive in the field of business they choose to operate in. They must be aware of their competition and have the desire and ability to obliterate the competition as well as the confidence to destroy the competition. One must do whatever it takes to destroy this competition, even if it may cause harm to their competitors’ businesses in effort to be in the highest rank in their business. An example of an individual who has successfully obliterated his competition and ended up in billionaire status is business magnate and founder of famous company Microsoft Bill Gates. Bill Gates is currently the richest man in the world. His applications, including Microsoft Word, continued to expand and dominated the software industry. Bill Gates always had confidence in his own abilities throughout life. In fact, he used to tell his friends in high school on how he will become a millionaire one day. Along with these character traits, he had a lot of luck involved in his path toward success. He made a call to a company in New Mexico that was in the process of making the world’s first personal computer. He offered to sell the company his software, worrying that the company will realize that he is just a college student at the time and reject his offer. Instead they told him that they weren’t ready and to contact them in a month, which was great for Bill Gates because he did not actually have software ready to sell, instead he just wanted to gather the attention of the company. From then he worked hard every day and night to compile software now known as Microsoft. Bill Gates success is an example of him being at the right situation at the right time, having a software idea for the very first personal computer. Technology would continue to develop throughout the years, which has benefited him in his success as well.

There are several billionaires that had a lot of luck to contribute to their road to success. Some people may agree that billionaires worked hard throughout their lives, but they may also say that they were extremely lucky to have such success. This is not always true; in a sense that there are many qualities a person must have to be a billionaire and that those individuals do not require a lot of luck. Michael Jordan, arguably the greatest basketball player of all-time, had come across failures and misfortunes throughout his basketball life, even before he was in the NBA. However, he had never let those failures stop him. He was undeniably extremely competitive, physically and mentally strong, athletic, and passionate to basketball. During his basketball years, he had released his own basketball shoe called “Air Jordans.” After his official retirement, he was remembered as the greatest player of all time. This kind of recognition led people around the world to continue buying his sneakers. People would wear his sneakers as basketball fans of the greatest player in basketball or would wear them for just fashion or the popularity of the brand. Michael Jordan had talent, but he was also fierce and extremely competitive in the NBA, leading to his recognition of the greatest player of all time and building his road and success in achieving a billionaire status. He wasn’t “extremely” lucky, but did have talent was an extremely hard-worker.

In the end, do we really want to become billionaires? The question can be easily answered or may take a bit more thinking. It all comes to one’s desire of wealth. If a person wants to earn a vast fortune and live lavishly, including living in mansions and having private yachts, or even have their own charity to contribute a substantial amount of money, then that person may want to be a billionaire. According to an article on Wall Street billionaires, there are people who earn an outrageous salary and buy very expensive things such as private jets and yachts, and that kind of stuff is “baby money” to those individuals. In fact, there are some individuals who earn a salary of over a billion dollars a year and are living in the most expensive homes in New York City and owning many of the world’s most expensive possessions. Others may not have such a desire for wealth. Sam Wilkin states that he is satisfied with the work he does and the wealth he has. A billion dollars is a lot to him and he does not have a desire for such a wealth. A person’s desire for wealth can reflect on his/her effort to earn that wealth and sometimes beyond that wealth.

It takes a lot of effort and a strong character to become a billionaire. Lots of people have some of these qualities that billionaire figures have, such as confidence in them. However, it takes a whole new level of confidence to become a billionaire. One must feel as though he/she will become that “one winner” as mentioned by Sam Wilkin, and must never give up in their goal. They must be extremely competitive in the field of business they are in, and innovate and expand as much as possible. The hard work will eventually pay off as the business continues to expand and a person with these qualities will have the potential to become a billionaire. They will even have the opportunity to pass on such success to their kids and future generations.

Final Draft:

An extraordinary status in human life is the billionaire status. Those type individuals living today are by far the richest people in the world. They are filthy rich individuals that have met with such an outstanding point of wealth in life. Most of us want to be successful, perhaps be a millionaire. Those who hope to become millionaires most likely believe that life would be financially set for them and that they can buy luxurious cars and large mansions, however that is not the case. Millionaires must be stable and have the ability to maintain their wealth. If their wealth is not growing or maintained, they will not have the kind of lifestyle they expected to have. A mansion, costing millions, will require maintenance that will cost a substantial amount of money that millionaires may not be able to afford. This also applies to the cost of luxury cars. Being a billionaire is the closest thing to having a financially set lifestyle, as having a billion or more dollars is more than enough for those individuals to live luxurious, help the world, and maintain themselves for a lifetime. In economics, a person’s wants are infinite, so being a billionaire is the best way a person can fulfill the desire to own all their wants. So what does it take to become a billionaire? You would be amazed in the fact that there are many billionaires that started with nothing. Larry Ellison, Li Ka-Shing, and Leanardo del Vecchio are examples of successful billionaires that grew up as orphans and had little wealth to support them.

People who wish to become billionaires don’t necessarily have to come from wealthy families; instead they must have strong and superior characteristics. Some of these characteristics are a strong idea, a unique skill set, an investment of some sort, ability to maintain and innovate, passionate in a certain skill, talent, confident, and usually some luck. These qualities are key to the path of becoming a billionaire, however this combination of qualities in a person isn’t common. In essence, a person must be focusing on developing his/her idea and be confident along with strong and well-developed characteristics. People may believe to have all these qualities but still not be a billionaire. One possible reason for this is a person may have other character traits that affect him/her, such as diminished effort or laziness. A person who owns a million-dollar company may decide to cut back on his/her hours, rely on the employers, and focus on running and maintaining the wealth from the business instead of constantly competing and expanding the company. Another possible reason is the person may not be lucky enough so that quality isn’t going to be self-determined. It is impossible to determine how lucky your outcomes will be in the future. Some billionaires may not consider their fortune to be earned entirely from luck, rather from hard work, competitiveness, passion, and determination. Despite the company being successful, the competition of those billion dollar companies may be out of reach or they may have attempted to grow the company at not the greatest of times or situations.

Essentially, people may believe that they possess all these qualities, but that person is not superior to their competitors. Sam Wilkin, an economist and author of Wealth Secrets of the One Percent: A Modern Manual to Getting Marvelously, Obscenely Rich, said “if you want to become a billionaire, you often have to choose to operate in a market where there is only one winner, and further said “not only that you have to be utterly competitive and confident in your own ability to be that winner, you have to be untroubled by the prospect of wiping everyone else out.” In these quotes, Sam Wilkin mentioned some character traits that are necessary in becoming a billionaire and required if one expects to dominate the competition. One must have to be extremely competitive in the field of business they choose to operate in. They must be aware of their competition and have the desire and ability to obliterate the competition as well as the confidence to destroy the competition. One must do whatever it takes to destroy this competition, even if it may cause harm to their competitors’ businesses in effort to be in the highest rank in their business. An example of an individual who has successfully obliterated his competition and ended up in billionaire status is business magnate and founder of famous company Microsoft Bill Gates. Bill Gates is currently the richest man in the world. His applications, including Microsoft Word, continued to expand and dominated the software industry. Bill Gates always had confidence in his own abilities throughout life. In fact, he used to tell his friends in high school on how he will become a millionaire one day. Along with these character traits, he had a lot of luck involved in his path toward success. He made a call to a company in New Mexico that was in the process of making the world’s first personal computer. He offered to sell the company his software, worrying that the company will realize that he is just a college student at the time and reject his offer. Instead they told him that they weren’t ready and to contact them in a month, which was great for Bill Gates because he did not actually have software ready to sell, instead he just wanted to gather the attention of the company. From then he worked hard every day and night to compile software now known as Microsoft. Bill Gates success is an example of him being at the right situation at the right time, having a software idea for the very first personal computer. Technology would continue to develop throughout the years, which has benefited him in his success as well. In Sam Wilkin’s book, he writes about some of the strategies that people need to have to be a billionaire, using Bill Gates’ story as his prime example. He mentions that the strategies used to create such a large success are created “usually by a passion for finding loopholes, working around bureaucratic systems, and creating obstacles to competitors.” Overall, if you truly want to be a billionaire, you must have a passion for a skill, extremely competitive instincts, highly confident in yourself and in the field of business in which you chose to operate, and the desire and willingness to obliterate the competition in order to be on top. Along with these characteristics, one must have an investment of some sort to start building to their success. An investment is the beginning course of action in starting a business, and is essential to make any significant profit in any business. If a loan is borrowed from a bank as an investment, as long as the loan is paid from profits made from businesses and you have some luck, then a person can get away with using loans as temporary investments. According to a business insider article, a successful billionaire who was a money manager on personal finance listed some advice on investments for those planning on starting or continuing to expand and maintain their business. The first piece of advice was to “Set up an emergency fund. This means you need to make sure you have enough money in the bank to cover six months’ worth of expenses. This doesn’t mean you have to have six months’ worth of paychecks in your account, but rather enough funds to cover things such as rent and food. That money will be useful if you find yourself out of work or faced with something such as an unexpected medical bill.” Emergency funds are crucial in a business, especially when the unexpected occurs, where the business would be in a state of crisis without an emergency fund. The other thing the author mentioned was, “When you do invest, it’s best to pick 10 stocks for companies that have an easy-to-understand business, generate cash flow, and pay dividends.” If one is not choosing to invest in the stock market, then this will not apply to them. However, a company may want to make sure the investment is made properly and expected to generate profit. As stated earlier, investment is the first course of action toward a business. Having an investment is absolutely necessary to gradually work your way up to success and eventually billionaire status.

Smart investments toward your company would be to Billionaire Albert Ueltschi was once a high school student working at a hot dog stand. During his time in high school, he had a goal, which was to learn how to fly a plane. He collected money from his profits in the self-owned hot dog stand business and borrowed 3,500 dollars to buy an airplane. He used his airplane to sell rides, air shows, and eventually flew clients around the city. He borrowed another 15,000 to start his business, FlightSafety International and after several years, he sold the successful company for a staggering 1.5 billion dollars. From there he became a billionaire, growing from relatively poor with loans for investments to a rich and successful billionaire. However, Albert Ueltschi is just a mere example of some of the qualities that most if not all other billionaires had in common, which includes the investment and passion for a skill. Innovation is also important in extending the company. The more innovation a company has, the better chance that company can become successful. Adding new ideas to improve the company will garner attention to people worldwide and as a result expanding the company. Many billionaires have expanded their company so successfully that their company generally is well known worldwide. Bill Gates expanded Microsoft to the point where his software programs are considered to be in the “essentials” category for every desktop computer or laptop.

It certainly takes a lot to become a billionaire and Justine Musk, first wife of multi-billionaire Elon Musk, describes in detail the proper approach to become a billionaire in a response to a thread regarding the topic of what it takes to become a billionaire. Elon Musk describes that determination isn’t going to make you a billionaire as she begins to describe the fierce and competitive nature in the road to becoming a billionaire using rich imagery in the quote, “you haven’t been racing naked through the shark-invested waters yet.” Then she gives tips on what it takes for a person to become a billionaire. “Shift your focus away from what you want (a billion dollars) and get deeply, intensely curious about what the world wants and needs. Ask yourself what you have the potential to offer that is so unique and compelling and helpful that no computer could replace you, no one could outsource you, no one could steal your product and make it better and then club you into oblivion (not literally). Then develop that potential. Choose one thing and become a master of it. Choose a second thing and become a master of that.” She develops ideas that the person must be inquisitive, have awareness in people’s desires around the world, and well educated in the field and skills the person wishes to choose; which will give the person a unique skill set to go along with their qualities. Also, it can help them have an advantage over other competitors that may not have such skills. The example she uses of a set of skills are mastering in business and engineering. Those who have a strong knowledge in how a business and the economy may not have much knowledge in a skill like engineering, as these two skills don’t closely relate to each other. Having a skill set similar to the example she mentioned could benefit a competitor to be more qualified in being successful over them. She also describes that a person shouldn’t focus on the idea of becoming a billionaire, instead look for ways to come up with ideas that can benefit the world and that nobody else can succeed in competing with. Other qualities she mentions are courage and luck, both, which are generally necessary for competing and achieving billionaire status.

There are several billionaires that had a lot of luck to contribute to their road to success. Some people may agree that billionaires worked hard throughout their lives, but they may also say that they were extremely lucky to have such success. This is not always true; in a sense that there are many qualities a person must have to be a billionaire and that those individuals do not require a lot of luck. Michael Jordan, arguably the greatest basketball player of all-time, had come across failures and misfortunes throughout his basketball life, even before he was in the NBA. However, he had never let those failures stop him. He was undeniably extremely competitive, physically and mentally strong, athletic, and passionate to basketball. During his basketball years, he had released his own basketball shoe called “Air Jordans.” After his official retirement, he was remembered as the greatest player of all time. This kind of recognition led people around the world to continue buying his sneakers. People would wear his sneakers as basketball fans of the greatest player in basketball or would wear them for just fashion or the popularity of the brand. Michael Jordan had talent, but he was also fierce and extremely competitive in the NBA, leading to his recognition of the greatest player of all time and building his road and success in achieving a billionaire status.

Why do we want to be billionaires? With all the qualities mentioned above, it almost seems out of reach for an average person to become a billionaire. The desire and/or success to becoming a billionaire will belong to the person who is above average, well qualified, and willing to do whatever it takes to compete and be on top. Famous quote by Napoleon Hill states, “The starting point of all achievement is desire.” A person who is a billionaire will make a vast fortune and live lavishly, including owning mansions and having private yachts, or even have their own charity to contribute a substantial amount of money. According to an article on Wall Street billionaires, there are people who earn an outrageous salary and buy very expensive things such as private jets and yachts, and that kind of stuff is “baby money” to those individuals. In fact, there are some individuals who earn a salary of over a billion dollars a year and are living in the most expensive homes in New York and owning many of the world’s most expensive possessions.

People don’t always want to be billionaires solely because they want to make a significant amount of cash. They may want to also be a part of an extraordinary statistic that exists in the world, the percentage of population of billionaires in the world. Also, they may want certain privileges and may feel as though they will receive them if they were in fact a billionaire. These factors apply to all those people who wish to become billionaires, but not all of them are middle class individuals who wish to pursue their dream. Even some successful celebrities, who make a decent living and have fame and fortune, have a strong desire to be a billionaire. In the song, “Billionaire” by Travie McCoy featuring Bruno Mars, these artists sing/rap about their desire to be a billionaire and the things they would do if they had a billionaire status. Bruno Mars sings “I wanna be a billionaire so f***ing bad, buy all of the things I never had.” In this quote, Bruno Mars expressed his desire to be a billionaire, stating one of the reasons being buying things he wants that he may not have been able to afford to own and/or maintain possession, even as a multi-millionaire. He further sings “I wanna be on the cover of Forbes magazine, smiling next to Oprah and the queen. Every time I close my eyes, I see my name in shiny lights, a different city every night.” As a famous celebrity, he receives attention from people world-wide, still he expresses his desire for certain type of fame that would give him a pleasant feeling that is possible if he is a billionaire. Artist Travie McCoy also has similar reasons for his desire to be a billionaire as Bruno Mars, and further extends several other things that he would be able to do as a billionaire. Travie McCoy and Bruno Mars are examples of two famous celebrities, both of whom already have fame and fortune that want to explore and experience the things that can be as a billionaire. Others may not have such a desire for wealth. Sam Wilkin claims that he is satisfied with the work he does and the wealth he has. A billion dollars is a lot to him and he does not have a desire for such wealth. Those who aren’t easily satisfied and strive for success and wealth are the ones who most likely have a desire to be a billionaire.

In an interview, Sam Wilkin states one quality that billionaires have in common is their skill level in math. “Be good in math, but not the kind of advanced math you think of. Numbers should speak to you, particularly the numbers of a balance sheet. “If you’ve looked at a corporate balance sheet and you thought you saw a little bit of poetry there,” says Wilkin, “you may have what it takes to become a billionaire.” This trait among billionaires’ characteristics was an analysis done by Sam Wilkin. He noticed that billionaires have this skill in common. One successful billionaire that states his love for math is Carlos Slim who said, “Numbers speak to me.” Having good skills in math can be one useful quality in a person’s road to becoming a billionaire. The math level, as Sam Wilkin states, does not have to be advanced level math. Billionaires that share the love for math will see math as a form of language that is easy to understand.

It takes a lot of effort and a strong character to become a billionaire. Lots of people have some of these qualities that billionaire figures have, such as confidence in them. However, it takes a whole new level of confidence to become a billionaire, where one must have the faith in his/her abilities and capable of eliminating all competition. One must feel as though he/she will become that “one winner” as mentioned by Sam Wilkin, and must never give up in their goal. They must be extremely competitive in the field of business they are in, and innovate and expand as much as possible. The hard work will eventually pay off as the business continues to expand and a person with these qualities will have the potential to become a billionaire. They will even have the opportunity to pass on such success to their kids and future generations. A vast fortune of money can be considered a culture or tradition in a way. If a person is a successful billionaire and they had managed to maintain their wealth when they had kids, the kids will be able to continue their lives off that wealth. If the kids grow up and take over the business after their parents death’ and manage to maintain it, then they would eventually become adults with their own kids and can pass on the wealth to their kids, and so on. The artistry of the billionaire status extends beyond the large amount of wealth. It also shows recognition of the individual belonging in such a high-class rank in wealth among all other individuals, and can be turned into a family tradition.