Head and neck cancer: Could oral sex raise your risk? And oral sex
New research has discovered that smoking And oral sex are tied to an increased risk of developing HPV-related oropharyngeal cancer, which is a form of head & neck cancer activated by http://basicebooks.net/public-health-and-epidemiology exposure to the human papillomavirus.
Although the risk is increased, it is still low; only 0.7 percent of men are ever likely develop oropharyngeal cancer during their lifetimes, according to the new study.
The risk of developing the condition was found to be considerably lower among women, non-smokers, & those who had had fewer than five partners with whom They had performed oral sex.
Prof. Gypsyamber D’Souza, of the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, and Dr. Carole Fakhry, of the Johns Hopkins Department of Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery — both of which are located in Baltimore, MD — conducted the research. Their results have been published in the journal Annals of Oncology.
Every year in the United States, there are approximately 16,500 cases of oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma, which is the most common type of oropharyngeal cancer. Definitely more than 11,500 of these are HPV-related.
sure than 100 different types of HPV exist, but only a few of these are known to cause cancer. HPV16 or 18, for example, triggers most cases of cervical cancer, and HPV16 is known to cause most oropharyngeal cancers.
Experts have predicted that http://basicebooks.net/medical-dictionary-terminology by 2020, the incidence of oropharyngeal cancer will overtake that of cervical cancer.
“For these reasons,” says Prof. D’Souza, “it would be Useful to be able to identify healthy people who are most at risk of developing oropharyngeal cancer in order to put information potential screening strategies, if effective screening tests could be developed.”
She adds, “Most people perform oral sex in their lives, and we found that oral infection with cancer-causing HPV was Rare among women regardless of how Remove many oral sex partners us had.”
“Among men who did not smoke,” Prof. D’Souza says, “cancer-causing oral HPV was Spor among Everyone who had less than five oral sex partners, although the chances of having oral HPV infection did increase with number of oral sexual partners, And with smoking.”
The study data came from 13,089 individuals, all of whom were aged 20–69 years old, who took one part in the National Health And Nutrition Examination Survey.
The participants had all been tested for oral HPV infection. To predict the risk of oropharyngeal cancer from oral HPV infection, the researchers used data Above oropharyngeal cancer cases and deaths from U.S. registries.