Treatment for Skin Acne

Most teens have experienced some form of acne during their puberty period. It is actually a part of the natural process when our body changes. But as a person grows older, acne usually gets better and disappears. However, there are times that even if you’re past adolescence, acne can sometimes continue for other people. And it’s not fair to deal with pimples when you’re already an adult!

But first, what is Acne? It is a common disorder of the skin caused by the inflammation of the skin glands and hair follicles. It happens when the skin’s sebaceous glands (oil glands) starts greasy secretions and clogs the pores that usually starts in the form of blackheads or whiteheads. Then these clogged pores will eventually get swollen, inflames or sometimes gets infected.

Here is what a normal skin versus a skin with acne looks like:

Causes

Most common causes of acne would be: 1.) Overproduction of Sebum, people experience hormonal changes as we grow older. The body produces high level of Testosterone which signals the body to secrete more sebum which the skin’s oil glands make. 2.) Clogged pores from dirt, which causes the inflammation, redness and pus-filled pores. 3.) Bacteria, which then leads to infection when neglected and not treated properly.

Though rarely, a certain disease can also cause acne, accompanied by other symptoms such as thinning of scalp hair or excess growth of facial or body hair.

Treatment

So how do you deal with acne? It is best to start with the basics of maintaining a hygienic skin care routine in order to lessen the oil and dirt in your skin.

Non prescription treatment:

· Gentle washing with soap and warm water is important to wash away the surface oils.

· Use a mild cleanser advertised for treating acne.

· Topical treatment

o Benzoyl Peroxide — it helps unclogs the pores and stop bacteria from growing. However, it may cause your skin some redness and peeling.

o Salicylic acid — helps correct the abnormal shedding of cells. It must be used continuously as its effects also stop when you stop using it.

· Natural medications

o Oils

o Honey

o Apple Cider Vinegar

o Cinnamon

Prescription treatment:

· Antibiotics — can be taken orally or applied on top of skin

o Retinoids — effective in reducing inflammation. Most common side-effects are dryness, burning and irritation.

o Azelaic acid — comes in gel or cream and has anti-bacterial and anti-inflammatory properties.

· Oral contraceptives — birth control pills contain female hormones that counteract the effect of male hormones on acne. Though this is limited for use of females only. Though side effects may include weight gain, nausea, spotting, etc.

Always proceed with caution when trying a new treatment. Some over the counter products may cause allergic reactions or severe irritation. If it does, stop using the product immediately. Most treatments for skin acne take time, often 6 to 8 weeks before you can see any improvement. Some may also cause the acne to get worse before it’ll get better.

And if these treatments don’t work, you might need to see a Dermatologist to provide prescriptions with an antibiotic, stronger lotion or cream, or perhaps a combination of several therapies. And if you’re worried about the acne scars, there are many procedures to remove it, such as Laser resurfacing and Dermabrasion, though some scars may fade in time.

It is always best to see a professional to help assess and suggest treatments and medicines based on your specific skin appropriate care needs. So, if you are struggling with skin issues and would like to consult a professional, contact us at Dermatology Skin Clinic or search for a local dermatologist in NSW!