Indian power companies like SKS Ispat & Power Ltd working on innovative ideas to reduce carbon footprint
Mr. Anil Gupta, the SKS Ispat & Power Ltd owner, believes that India has to drastically reduce its carbon footprint. He recently said, “Global warming is real and India needs to walk an extra mile to avoid disturbing carbon levels.” Environment-centric solutions such as wind farms produce less energy and that too under favorable conditions.
Mr. Gupta added, “Green- coal power plants sounds like an oxymoron, but we have thought of a few ideas that can help us run such power plants until we find an efficient and viable green solution.”
The Indian government has pledged to reach 35% reduction in carbon emissions by 2030, and it has to be realized anyhow. Power companies like Real Ispat and Power, Jindal Steel and Power, and Tata Power have understood this deadline. These organizations can often be seen in ‘green’ forums where they discuss environment-friendly practices.
According to the SKS Ispat & Power Ltd owner, there are three ways coal plants can reduce carbon emissions:
1. Fuel replacement
2. Increasing the efficiency of the plant
3. Trapping carbon emissions
Fuel replacement will have you replace the starting fuel, which in the case of thermal energy plants is coal. This is a difficult option for the Chhattisgarh thermal plant of SKS Ispat & Power Ltd, as integrating natural gas as fuel will be tricky with the plant structure. Increasing the efficiency is possible, but it also has limits. Facilities will have to be upgraded with increased super-heat and reheat temperatures. Improving combustion controls will help considerably. However, the bulk of the companies are planning for carbon emission traps. Combustion capture methods like Amine scrubbing and chilled ammonia technique are being considered to be applied on a commercial scale.
Micro-management, such as promoting LED lights has already been applied by most of the power companies. The less energy is used, the less coal power plants will have to burn. Nevertheless, power companies like SKS Ispat & Power Ltd have to make more changes if they wish to achieve the 35%-reduction-in-carbon-emission mark.