Relentless learner | Interested in health, science, education, history, and culture | www.ssohani.com

Here are ways in which you can add references to your online articles.

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Photo by Andre Mouton on Unsplash

If you are anything like me, you know that writing can be hard, and generating ideas can be harder. It is okay to do your research for ideas and sometimes draw from them. But if your article includes someone else’s idea (as-is or paraphrased), and you have not acknowledged their work, it is not only morally or ethically wrong, but it is also stealing!

If you don’t attribute the content of your writing appropriately, you and your articles can have severe consequences, not just on Medium, but on the Google search engine too.

When you “cite” something in a text…


Story of Srinivasa Ramanujan — “the man who knew infinity.”

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Srinivasa Ramanujan. Source: Wikipedia

Srinivasa Ramanujan was a self-taught Indian mathematician. His theories are the starting point of much of current research in mathematics, and his work during his 32 years of a short but remarkable life continues to boggle mathematicians worldwide.

Ramanujan’s story is as inspiring as it is tragic. Despite his ingenuity and an uncanny knack to simplify sprawling mathematical equations, he was far from openly being accepted into the education system. He possessed incredible determination and stubborn faith in his abilities as he struggled with structured education, poverty, and illnesses.

This story is a reminder that the chain of events in…


The science behind lust, attraction, and attachment. And how to keep the romance alive.

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Photo by Alex Iby on Unsplash

Think of the last time you met someone you found attractive. You may have experienced the initial giddiness while you blushed, stammered, said something incredibly foolish. Or you may have graciously turned to walk away only to bump into another person or object right behind you. Think of a time you could not get a person out of your mind: you were anxious, gnawed at the lining of your cheek while you hoped you got one glimpse of that person. Most likely, your heart was thudding in your chest. It’s not surprising that matters of love (and other emotions) were…


Have you wondered how we develop immunity? Here’s an easy and straightforward explanation.

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Photo by CDC on Unsplash

People infected with coronavirus can have markedly different symptoms. Scientists and doctors continue to be perplexed by how the same virus can cause a wide range of symptoms in different people. Some may exhibit no signs, some may show mild to moderate signs of infection, while some have shown severe manifestations such as inflamed and fluid-filled lungs or blood clots, which can potentially cause death.

As there are no vaccines or effective medicines to date, the current care standards rely on supportive treatments and a couple of repurposed drugs. …


The bizarre history of the queen bee

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Plum Leaves: Lilias Trotter “Bee in the flowers” 1907 watercolor. Source: Flickr

Humans and honeybees have an intimate past. Cave paintings show how our ancient ancestors used ladders and ropes to get to bees. By the 3rd millennium BC, Egyptians had developed sophisticated methods for beekeeping, which has mostly remained unchanged. Despite achieving great sophistication in beekeeping, humans have remained profoundly ignorant about bee biology, until relatively recent times. Our understanding of the queen bee and her role in a beehive has a surprising history.

It is common knowledge today that honey bees live in highly organized colonies. The colonies have a large queen bee, a few drones — that mate with…


“It ain’t what they call you, it’s what you answer to.” — WC Fields

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A Name Worth 1000 Conversations

My name is Sohani (pronunciation: So — H — knee).

Indian classical music has what we call a raga (pronunciation: raa -guh). A raga is a particular pattern of notes. And every pattern in Indian classical music is given a different name. I was named after one such raga — Sohani.

I love my name! But, I’ve never had an easy time explaining its meaning or its pronunciation — in India or abroad, as a child and as an adult. I’ve always tried to help my…


Sojourner Truth’s extraordinary courage, tireless activism, and faith in truth gave her a powerful voice for anti-slavery and women’s rights movements in the United States. This is her story.

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Sojourner Truth. Source: Wikimedia

A former slave, Sojourner Truth, was an outspoken advocate for civil and women’s rights in the 19th century.

Her story is that of incredible courage and determination. She was bought and sold several times and was often separated from her loved ones and explicitly prevented from pursuing new relationships.

Her tireless efforts for abolishing slavery, women’s rights, and her role during the civil war have earned her many honors, including an invitation to meet President Abraham Lincoln.

Sojourner Truth’s story

Sojourner, formerly Isabella, was born to slave parents James and Elizabeth Baumfree in 1797 in Dutch-speaking Ulster County, New York.

She was one…


Remembering the clinical trial that transformed US ethical laws for protecting vulnerable humans. Or did it?

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Photograph of Participants in the Tuskegee Syphilis Study, Source: National Archives; Identifier — 956126

Two of the most crucial turning points in the development of global ideas on the ethics of human experimenting were the Nazi human experimentations and the Tuskegee study. These happened in different parts of the world. However, their context remains the same, that is: dismissive attitudes towards the fundamental worth of research subjects as humans and exploiting individuals from the weaker sections and lower socioeconomic statuses in society by running grossly unethical experiments on them.

Officially known as “the Tuskegee Study of Untreated Syphilis in the Negro Male,” the Tuskegee study was initiated in 1932 in the Tuskegee Institute and…


The tale of Obavva, who showed legendary courage in the face of trouble

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Hindu temple and market road ruins inside Chitradurga fort. By Ms. Sarah Welch from Wikimedia Commons

Chitradurga, which is situated amidst towering boulders and hillocks, is a small town in Karnataka, India.

The Nayaka Dynasty once ruled this rocky terrain for about 250 years between the 1550s and 1700s. During the late-1700s, the Chitradurga kingdom lay in between two great powers — the Maratha kingdom in the north, ruled by Peshwa Madhav Rao, and the Mysore kingdom in the south, ruled by Hyder Ali.

During the reign of the last Nayaka ruler of Chitradurga, Hyder Ali tried to lay siege and attacked the…

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