Citation Essays for a Project

Recipe Video from the Fourth Tumblr post:

“Bangladeshi Chicken Roast — Biye Barir Roast Recipe — Eid Special.” YouTube, 29 July 2013, youtu.be/-LAsDdMkd1s. Accessed 30 Apr. 2017.

This is a video showing how to cook a Barir Roast Recipe in which is meant to be eaten on special occasions such as birthdays, weddings, and holidays. The woman cooking in the video, Deeba, is experienced with the cuisine and the culture around it. The reason why this particular video was added to the project, was to show some of the spices we had researched to be common in recipes from Bangladesh and to use in our second design for the ladder project. The idea was to show how we weren’t just picking any spices that would fit the climate, but trying to work with those used in dishes in which would be cooked by those benefiting from the project.

Other videos were found that showed traditional ways of cooking as well, however the majority of these were either of a poor quality or they were not in english. One in particular that I wish had english subtitles was of someone filming their grandmother who grew her own food and cooked using traditional methods. However, the quality of this particular video and the way she walked through the process similar to that of a professional cooking show displays how much time she took to edit and prepare the film. By this, I mean with how she had ingredients measured beforehand and made sure to describe what she was doing very clearly. The amount of different herbs used in this video and in other dishes found helped influenced the idea of using separate walls on our garden ladder for different types of herbs.

Reading through the comments, the majority there were about how well the recipe worked for them. Only once she was accused of not cooking the dish according to tradition, but was quickly defended by many others. Looking at the comments in a collective, it seems as if she gets good responses about all of her recipes she puts online.

The Video showing the Overcrowded Train:

“Over Population in Bangladesh.” YouTube, 5 May 2016, youtu.be/zdBr5nyOtbI. Accessed 24 Apr. 2017.

This particular video is rather recent (published in 2016) and doesn’t last for much more than five minutes. The video starts off with a look at a bird, surrounded by green, and chirping. The image then shifts to an immensely overcrowded train that is moving slow enough that occasionally the video catches someone climbing on board. People are hanging off the side, staked to the edges of the roof and many more are standing by watching the train. The video then ends with another nature shot, but this time with just a tree. The overall video quality is not the best, and given where the camera continues to be angled, it was most likely shot from someone’s phone. However, the message still gets across: overpopulation is a problem in the area.

It’s also interesting to note how the person filming the video never narrates any part of it. The answer for this is simple: there really isn’t a need to. Having the nature shots sandwich the train scenes not only make a strong comparison between industrialization and nature, but also points out the sudden change in color when switching either from the bird to the train or from the train to the bird. For example, even though quite a few people were smiling, the sky still seemed a little more grey than blue.This mixed with the older and worn train or the lack of very many bright colors create an overall gloomy appearance. This juxtaposed the nearly neon green appearance the tree had at the end.

Also, when looking at the bird, I find it interesting how clear it’s chirping is in comparison to the mesh of voices in the scenes involving the train. Though there is power in numbers, these people don’t have much of a choice about the situation they are in.

This video was picked as a way to display the problem of overpopulation in a new way that is not commonly used. Without a narrator, the viewer is also left to decide what they think about what they see, and so has the chance to connect to more people in different ways.

Video on Farming taro:

“Tips on Taro Farming.” YouTube, 12 Mar. 2015, youtu.be/nKSAmlvPFxk. Accessed 27 Apr. 2017.

This video is a short introduction to two types of taro farming and their associated pros and cons (flooded taro or non-flooded). It gives details about how much water they need, the season in which they must be planted, and when they are expected to be harvested. This video was added after it was decided to invest in taro for the ladder garden.

The reason why we choose taro in the first place is because of the numerous health benefits the root supplies, plus it can be cooked in many different ways. Not only this, but the entire plant can be eaten and different parts of the plant are used for different dishes. From this video, we also learned about how taro roots can be fairly easy to take care of as long as there is an adequate water supply.

The reasons why this video was trusted to be a good source of information comes from the amount of editing that is apparent in the clip and how it was clearly set up to be an educational resource. Also, as a way to fact check, I looked up some of the facts that were stated in the video and also went on a couple of the links shown in the citation at the end. I couldn’t find anything against the information presented.

I then decided to do some research on Nego Saka, the corporation in which sponsored and created the video. From what I could find, they are an organization in which promote and supply resources for four types of jobs linked to farming. An informational video about them showed how they work with farmers to help these people earn a higher profit with their produce while also supplying themselves with produce from these farmers and selling to open markets by the use of traders. Nego Saka also works to process much of what is made and strives to sell out farther than what the farmers would be able to do themselves, therefore again, earning more in profits to both parties.

Given the information found about Nego Saka and the fact that they end their video with links to sources and more information, I think this is the most trustworthy of all three videos. This is not to discredit the other two, but it is much less likely for this particular one to have any kind of false information when it gives the viewer sources to fact check with.

World-o-meter site on population in Bangladesh:

“Bangladesh Population (LIVE).” Bangladesh Population (2017) — Worldometers, www.worldometers.info/world-population/bangladesh-population/. Accessed 24 Apr. 2017.

Worldometer is a site in which uses government census and hospital records to track the birth and death rates of citizens, therefore keeping close track of how many people are alive within a country. Of course, this cite is unable to know the exact number of people in a given country due to circumstances such as tourism, illegal immigrants, and mothers who may not have their child born in a hospital, however they do create a very close approximation.

Also on this site is information about the population’s history. When looking at Bangladesh, it’s clear to see how the country’s population has hit a spike and is continuing to rise. A continuously rising population has many problems associated with it including living conditions, the spread of illnesses, and problems with food supply. Though our project was designed around trying to save room and providing food to those who need it in a community garden type of design, if the population continues in it’s current discourse, then the garden ladders would become help for only the few and would run the risk of needing to be removed to provide more living space for people.

The reason why we ended up using this site in one of the first tumblr post about our project is because we wanted to try to find where a community garden would not only have a good climate to grow ing, but would be able to benefit as many people as possible. When we started looking into Bangladesh, and especially its capital in Dhaka, it was clear how the population problem has already gone on to affect living conditions and food supplies. It was also found out that the majority of Dhaka is without any kind of plant life, meaning that young children there are growing up without seeing any trees, flowers, or even grass in some cases. Given that the color green evokes relaxing senses in the body, not only will the garden ladder provide needed food, but can also have a positive effect on emotional stress levels for the people who live around them.

This site also does fairly well when it comes to keeping their populations numbers as current as possible. It will be updated within the average of seconds each time. Another interesting feature of the site is how it will use stats from previous years and how they correlate to current day numbers in order to predict what the population will be like in the future. For example, right now the site predicts that Bangladesh will stay in the world’s eighth ranking and will have approximately 112,000,000 people in urban population in the year of 2050.

Some of the reasons why we chose for this site to be credible is because of both the methods in which it uses to gather its information and the fact that the site is not littered with advertisements. There are a couple of advertisements, but this is excusable as it is free to use the site and the information it gives. However the few that it does have are presented professionally.

Biggest Cities in Bangladesh information site:

“Biggest Cities Bangladesh.” Biggest Cities Bangladesh, www.geonames.org/BD/largest-cities-in-bangladesh.html. Accessed 24 Apr. 2017.

This site is very similar to worldometer in many ways. It also uses government census and hospital records of births and deaths in order to gather information about how many people live in a country. However, this particular site takes it a step farther and then divides this information to find the populations of particular cities. The page opens up with a list of the most heavily populated areas and then runs down the list to the least populated area.

The site is not very much decorated, however has a professional appeal and neat appearance. There is also small advertising done on this page, but it is understandable considering it is only minimal advertising that also does not slow down the performance of the page. The site also give the information for the longitude and latitude of each city in the list. When you click on these coordinates, a new page with a map very similar to that of google maps pops up and displays in detail the city you clicked on. In comparison, if you click on the link for the city, you will be brought to another map, but this time with the ability to see what cities surround the one you clicked on.

The reason why we wanted to look at this site is because when we decided to try and work in Bangladesh due to it’s well tempered climate for a wide range of vegetation and need for a community garden like system, we wanted to know where in Bangladesh this was needed. It was actually during the research of different cities that the video about the very crowded and unsafe train was found. It was this video and reading about some of the living conditions that lead us to believe Dhaka would be a good choice for the project. Soon after, when it was found out about the current community garden system, the ones that were being built on roof tops, was found out, this only encouraged us more to have Dhaka as the focus for our location.

Geonames is not updated as often as worldometer, however it has a much wider data base in concerns to population histories. It also gives information about different postal codes and has it’s own about page. The site runs on donations and on it’s about page one can read, “The GeoNames geographical database is available for download free of charge under a creative commons attribution license. It contains over 10 million geographical names and consists of over 9 million unique features whereof 2.8 million populated places and 5.5 million alternate names.” Another interesting feature of the site is how it will also document the differences of elevation in each city.

The sites credibility stems from having a similar way of gathering informations as worldometer, however unlike the other site, Geonames also has ambassadors in other countries to make sure the information they are collecting is accurate.

The Daily Star newspaper article:

Report, Star. “Rising Population Big Concern for Dhaka.” The Daily Star, 12 July 2014, www.thedailystar.net/rising-population-big-concern-for-dhaka-33081. Accessed 24 Apr. 2017.

This particular paper is not only set in and produced in Bangladesh, but it is aimed for people of Bangladesh, not so much for people of other countries. This can be seen in how the paper addresses who the expected reader is and the fact that the advertisements are sent in a language for people from Bangladesh. The site for the newspaper is set up very professionally and similar to those in which are designed for international audiences. The advertisements on the site are all kept neat and do not inconvenience the reader while still promoting different products.

The article is meant to address the population concerns and particularly mentions Dhaka, the city in which we chose to focus our community like project and the capital of Bangladesh. Within the article, it states, “Following a UN report that ranked Dhaka the eleventh most populous city in the world, concern has arisen whether the city can sustain the 3.6 percent annual growth in population it is currently experiencing.

According to environmentalists and urban planning experts, Dhaka has already started feeling the heat of an overcrowded populace with traffic jam and water-logging becoming almost a routine problem.” These happen to be the first few lines of the article. Though the overall article is short, most news papers follow a similar pattern in many countries. If the article is less of a dire concern then often there will be some sort of introduction to the information in order to get people interested. However, an article in which does report on dire concerns or catastrophes will begin with the problem within the first few lines. As human beings, the three things our eyes are naturally drawn to are food, beauty, and danger. There is no need to start of with an introductory paragraph when readers are already going to be paying attention due to the circumstances of the story.

Further down in the article, one can read, “The NYT quoted John R Wilmoth, director of the UN’s population division, as saying that as people leave the countryside because of decreasing need for agricultural workers, the important question will be whether cities have an industrial economy that can provide jobs and an infrastructure that can allow the new residents to live in acceptable conditions.” Currently, living conditions and food supplies are already in a crucial state. The number of people in which are moving from agricultural rich places to cities are growing more and more, making the situation more and more dire. This is another reason why Dhaka ended up being a focus city when planning on where the garden ladder would work best for the reasons we wanted it to.

It is also interesting and important to note that this particular article was written in 2013 and the problem has only since gotten worse. Even with it being a few years old however, it is still relevant to look back at it now to see that this problem of overpopulation will not go away and will continue to get worse if something doesn’t change.

World Hunger programme on Bangladesh:

20 April 2015 — Photo © WFP/Ranak Martin. “10 Facts About Hunger In Bangladesh | WFP | United Nations World Food Programme — Fighting Hunger Worldwide.” UN World Food Programme, 20 Apr. 2015, www.wfp.org/stories/10-facts-about-hunger-bangladesh. Accessed 24 Apr. 2017.

First, the organization, the World Food Programme, is dedicated on surveying, recording, and doing what they can to help solve hunger problems around the world. It is a branch of the United Nations and has it’s headquarters in Rome, Italy. It was founded in 1961 by the Food and Agricultural organization and the United Nations general assembly. As of right now, David Beasley is the head of the non profit organization.

This particular site has it’s focus on Bangladesh. The main page list different reason why they are asking for help and donations and pushes people to spread word about the cause by making it very easy to tweet different facts about the malnutrition in Bangladesh. As a way to gain even more support on top of this, the facts are more centered around children as people are more likely to help when seeing images of children starving rather than adults or adolescents.

The site also has a link at the bottom just for acts about hunger and malnutrition. Below this link is another list of sites in which, from testing a couple of them, seem to house the same information presented in the facts on the main page, only in more detail and with names of particular areas.

One of the best features of the site is a link to a media contacts page in which people who are curious about the program in any way can ask questions and be answered by real people. Of course this is listed as meant for, “media inquiries,” however, they do seem to appear open to student research projects (I did not do this myself, but I did find short papers written by a couple of students whose questions were answered).

The credibility for this site falls under the fact that the United nations does have control over and that it has a primarily educational focus to it. Also, the only advertisements are for the site itself and on any information page, citations, links, or both can always be found.

The reason why this site ended up being cited is because of how it was able to put the hunger problems in Bangladesh into perspective. Sometimes it hard to realize just how many people are being affected by a situation until percentages are presented. It is also more telling when these percentages are presented in the way they are on the site. When presented like a cold hard fact, they almost become more like math equations rather than irreversible situations, prompting people to want to find a solution.

Farming On rooftops article:

“Urban Agriculture in Bangladesh.” City Farmer News RSS, www.cityfarmer.info/2011/03/22/urban-agriculture-in-bangladesh/. Accessed 27 Apr. 2017.

This site is an article from City Farmer news in which is a newspaper for the City Farmer Society, a charitable organization in which strives for different style gardens and farms in city areas. When this was first found, the idea was that if the project took off, then the safest bet for funding and making sure the garden ladder would end successfully would be to work with this organization in which already has ties in Bangladesh and other countries.

The plan become even more prominent when it was seen what this particular article was about. In the city of Dhaka, the location of where we were planning on basing the project, rooftop gardens were beginning to provide food for those who greatly needed it. The original article was posted in 2011, however from some quick research I was able to find that the programme is still running strong and was able to expand a little, though not much in proportion to the continuous growth in population.One of the man problems the program seems to have is needing more room in order to plant greater amounts of vegetation. This was encouraging for our project considering it would be able to help address this problem.

This site also uses the rooftop gardens to address a number of current issues within the country and Dhaka in particular, “Bangladesh is one of the main victims of climate change. A country needs 25% of its land to be occupied by forests to maintain its ecological balance, but here the percentage is much less. In Dhaka, urban dwellers hardly seen any greenery around them, every inch of land is occupied by concrete structures. The solution lies in planting as many trees as possible, and the only place to do that seems to be rooftops. If people can make vegetable, fruit, flower of ornamental gardens, this will supply fresh vegetables for them. Fruits and vegetables purchased in the city are often mixed with chemicals, which are hazardous for health, but a rooftop garden can be a source of fresh vegetables for city dwellers, and also be a pleasant and unusual sight!” It should be important to mention again how the color green can act as a natural stress relief and within the confines of an extremely crowded area, this alone can bring many important benefits.

This site has credibility thanks to it being a nonprofit organization with the focus of this particular site to educate the public. There are advertisements, but they are kept to a minimum and made to be neat and professional. Also, some of the advertisements are actually for themselves in order to get donations.

How to grow Taro:

“How to Grow Taro.” Harvest to Table, 31 May 2014, www.harvesttotable.com/2010/03/taro/. Accessed 27 Apr. 2017.

The overall website is dedicated to help educated people who have their own farms and gardens or who want to start one. It also has success and failure stories as real life examples for what to do or not do, plus a section on recipes using fresh produce. The overall design of the site is very professional and neat. There are a few advertisements, but they don’t really take away or distract from what is there. The comment section is very informative about about how gardeners can ask any question and recieve a response in a short amount of time. The responses also seem to be very knowledgeable. In a small about section, it reads, “The goal here is to find easy solutions to common garden problems and to help you bring great food from your garden to your table. In addition to the tips and guidance I provide, if you have a gardening tip that you think will make a friend or neighbor a better gardener, please share it. Harvest to Table is about sharing!” And so for these reasons, I choose to view this site as credible for the purpose I cited it for.

The reason this site was added to the project was due to the research done towards vegetables that grow well in the climate in Bangladesh. Many good options were found, however the taro root stood out due to the number of nutrients and vitamins it provided. In the case of creating a community garden like structure in a city highly overpopulated, then supplying as nutrient rich food as possible is very important. Taro was also chosen due to the many different ways it can be cooked and the fact that it is known as a very versatile plant that doesn’t need very much care to stay strong. Essentially making sure the roots have enough room and the soil is kept moist is enough to ensure some sort of end product when harvesting.

This particular site also goes much into the details regarding diseases, pests, seasons (planting versus harvesting), and storing and preservation. Not only does this help play into the credibility of the site, but opens up options concerning storing the root during off seasons for the garden ladders. Surprisingly enough though, the site mentions the pest and illnesses in which may harm taro roots, but neglects to share information about how to get rid of them. From other research I found that pest can be treated with pesticides, however if one root is infected, this does not necessarily mean the others have been. In this case, simply pull out the infected root. In cases for illnesses for the plant, first check the soil and then see if too much stagnant water is affecting them. One of these are most likely to be the problem.

This was also the first site found to give a detailed account of what a taro plant needs to grow: “Taro corms can be planted in dry or wet settings. Taro requires rich, moist, well-drained soil to moisture-retentive soil. In Asia taro is often planted in wet paddys. In dry setting, taro corms are planted in furrows or trenches about 6 inches (15cm) deep and covered by 2 to 3 inches (5–8cm) of soil. Taro grown for its leaves can be grown in temperatures as low as 59°F, outdoors or in a greenhouse. Taro grow best in a soil pH between 5.5 and 6.5.” It was from this information that we started to design our second draft of the garden ladder until the video about taro farming was found.

Vegetable production in Bangladesh:

Kalb, Tom (Ed.), and AVDRC (Ed.). Vegetable Production in Bangladesh: Commercialization and Rural Livelhioods — Technical Bulletin №33. Taiwan, AVRDC The World Vegetable Centre, 2005.

It was from this source that we looked at what vegetables were exported for consumption the most. The reason why we looked for this information is because most sites concerning what grew best in Bangladesh either leaned heavily towards medical plants or only towards plants were used in certain dishes. Though we did want to eventually try and include herbs to the project idea, at the time the focus was on plants in which could be the main component to a meal. And so, this is why we decided to look at what was exported. We found a few main vegetables and then started to break down the different cost and benefits between them. From what we could find, the taro was the most practical as it didn’t need much room in comparison and had many health benefits.

This book found online was written in 2005, though from what I could find, the most popular exports for produce has stayed about the same. Also, the entire book can be downloaded from researchgate, a database full of different types of research open to the public. Considering this is a database meant to connect people to free research all around the world and there are no advertisements on the page, this site is very credible. It also gives a pretty large sample of the book to read before you download the full text, just in case is the text turns out to not be what you were looking for.

It should also be noted that the production of this book was sponsored by the AVRDC. The AVRDC stood for the Asian Vegetable Research and Development Corporation, but is now called the World Vegetable Center. The homepage for this organization reveals quite a bit about them. They are well founded and reach out to many people around the world. They help sponsor many small time groups dedicated to developing local agriculture. The website also goes into the detail of different specific seeds and plants for some of the countries they work with.

Though the World Vegetable center doesn’t focus on overpopulation and feeding the hungry, their research is still very valuable to the efforts of those who do. For example, in this book, the question of why Bangladesh chooses to export what it does is answered. The specifics regarding the weather and climate and how this becomes the perfect conditions for what Bangladesh exports are explained and with detailed graphs to help visualize the different times produce need to be planted or traded.

Another things that is nice about this book, is that the livelihoods of those who produce the exports are also researched. Within the research, the fact of how new technologies are affecting those who once lived in the primarily agricultural areas. This of course leads back to evidence of people moving from these areas due to losing their jobs and big cities becoming more and more overpopulated. This is interesting to read in this book because it was originally published in January of 2005. Something that was a problem then still continues to be a problem now.

The World Vegetable center has expanded since 2005, however, I could not find another focus study on Bangladesh, or at least not one with the same amount of information that only focused on Bangladesh. Though I’m sure if another study of the same quality is made, then the numbers of people in primarily agricultural lands versus those in cities would be a much different result due to the ever present migration of people.

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