Customized Treatment Key to Recovery From Depression Finds Study
Mental illnesses can often be difficult to diagnose. Many factors contribute to this including overlapping of other illnesses including physical ones or a co-occurring disorder, among others. That is why publications such as the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders — 5th Edition (DSM-5) are crucial in understanding and accurately assessing the symptoms of various mental disorders. These are relied on by medical professionals, researchers, clinicians etc., to classify the symptoms of varying intensity among patients including that of depression.
This allows the physician to better understand or reconfirm their diagnosis of a patient’s symptoms and also assist in determining the most appropriate treatment essential for recovery. Since depression is a serious mental disorder that differs from person to person, it becomes an exceedingly challenging task to provide optimum care in such a condition. Generally, people grappling with depression witness a range of cognitive, behavioral and physical symptoms.
Depression can be of varying intensity and the treatment plan varies accordingly. Also, depending on the severity of the condition, a patient could be administered long-term treatment combining various methods such as medication and therapy, or a short-term one.
Prognosis can commandeer treatment
In a recent study published in the Journal of Affective Disorders, it was discussed how researchers from the University of Pennsylvania (UPenn) developed a statistical indexing tool named prognostic index (PI) governed by five predictive indicators, such as severity of depression, hostility level, introversion, sleep problems and unemployment status, to identify those requiring intensive treatment like cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) the most.
In order to measure how depression recovery rates panned out in two years following the treatment, Lorenzo-Luaces, Robert DeRubeis and other researchers from UPenn along with the Dutch researchers Annemieke van Straten and Bea Tiemens conducted a study.
For the Dutch research, 622 patients were divided into three groups that comprised treatment as usual (TAU), low-intensity intervention, i.e., brief treatment (BT) and high-intensity option, i.e., CBT.
On the one hand, the study found that the recovery rates among patients with the poorest prognosis were substantially higher in the CBT condition (60 percent). On the other hand, those with better prognosis or lesser number of risk factors saw not much of a difference in any of the above treatment approaches.
Taking the Dutch study as the model, the researchers wanted to determine the causal relationship between predictive indicators and those who needed extensive treatment. They also wanted to determine who benefitted the most two years after the treatment. Some of the findings of the study are as following:
· Three-fourth of the patients exhibited higher prospects of recovery.
· Recovery rate did not change regardless of the treatment administered.
· Only the remaining one-fourth of the patients who underwent CBT derived considerable benefits.
The researchers believe that their findings can help develop methods that can assist in identifying the people requiring treatment intervention the most. It not only has the potential to bring about changes in the mental health system if incorporated but also has the probability to make the system more effective by allowing better resource allocation that can be channeled toward addressing other mental disorders such as anxiety, schizophrenia, etc.
They also emphasized the need to make better treatment choices that have the potential to deliver appropriate care instead of administering the standard treatment for different forms of depression.
Depression does not define a person
An individual is diagnosed with depression when his or her symptoms persist for at least two weeks. The symptoms differ from patient to patient and can aggravate due to several factors, such as substance abuse, trauma, etc. Therefore, it is essential to consult an expert rather than falling into the trap of self-medication or -diagnosis and delaying the treatment.
If you or your loved one is battling depression or any other mental disorder, Sovereign Mental Health Services is the right place to come. Our state-of-the-art facilities, such as depression treatment centers in California, depression treatment centers in Los Angeles and the facilities located in other parts of the United States, are adept at addressing depression and other mental disorders holistically through our customized intervention plans. Call at our 24/7 helpline number 866–973–7164 to access a comprehensive treatment program.