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Weekly updates from Frame of Reference

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Dear Framers,

Thank you all so much for your support through our second week! I thought we would start calling our community of readers, writers, and contributors Framers, it seems like a natural step as we take on the responsibility of framing history, through reading and writing.

In our second week, we reached 48 followers, an increase of 45% week over week. Ryan Fan, our prestigious editor, asked the question:

“Is Frame of Reference the fastest growing history publication on medium?”

Due to budgetary restrictions, and our research team’s priorities, the answer remains unknown, but it is a possibility!

Please continue to spread the word about us, we appreciate each and every one of you. …

Does it matter to the Russian president who wins?

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Vladimir Putin (2020) — Source: on Wikimedia Commons

The 2020 United States presidential election is early next month, and the world watches to see if President Donald Trump will win a second term or if his opponent Joe Biden will take over the presidency. But does it matter to Russian President Vladimir Putin who wins?

If Putin is behind Russian hacking and interference in the 2020 election, certainly, that means he would prefer one U.S. presidential candidate over another — perhaps not.


In The Putin Interviews (2017) conducted by Rodger Stone, Putin explains why he thinks the American bureaucracy is stronger than any person who would win the presidency. …

Antron “Big Lurch” Singleton was sentenced to life in prison without the possibility of parole.

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Photo by Jakob Owens on Unsplash

“I don’t believe in justice no more. Just us and God.” — Singleton in Rhyme and Punishment (2011)

Antron Singleton, aka Big Lurch, was originally from Dallas, Texas, but had moved to Los Angeles, California, where he was an aspiring rapper.

In April 2002, after suffering from amnesia from smoking PCP, Singleton found himself in jail. He had been arrested for murdering his roommate and eating her body parts.

The Murder of Tynisha Ysais

On April 10, 2002, 26-year-old Singleton and a group of friends were partying at his apartment, which Singleton referred to as a dope house. …

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