Future Of Biotech And How Is It Beneficial For Pakistan
Biotechnology is the use of biological processes, organisms, or systems to manufacture products intended to improve the quality of human life. The word “biotechnology” was first used in 1917 to describe process of using living organisms to make a product or run a process, such as industrial fermentation.
Biotechnology is a multi disciplinarian in nature, involving input from engineering, computer Science, cell and molecular biology, microbiology, genetics, physiology, biochemistry, immunology, virology, recombinant DNA technology etc. It plays vital role in different aspects such as medicine, environment, agricultural, industry, manufacturing etc. Biotechnology has been benefited humans from many years and the advantages has been increasing with the time.
Biotechnology has many present applications such as vaccine development, environmental restoration, conservation biology, bioremediation, forensic applications, food processing etc. Scientist and researchers are working each day to utilize biotechnology as much as they can and take advantages from it. They have come with many amazing applications of biotechnology for the future such as Smart contact lens, Prosthetic Feedback, Speech Restorer, Nerve Regenerator, Autonomous Wheelchair, Liver Scanner, Portable Dialysis, electronic print tattoo etc. These tattoos will be imprinted on soldiers prior to deployment and include physiological sensors that do not require blood to monitor metabolic products (to determine energy levels), hydration level, cortisol level to determine stress and fatigue, and use as feedback to determine emergency medical states. For example a soldier might be experiencing a high level of stress or exhaustion. Sensors will detect and process the event, then synthetic biology created microbes will respond with the correct treatment by produce and release biomolecules such as endorphins to alleviate the stress.
Not only globally, but in Pakistan as well many biotech projects have been carried to increase the production of crops and plants and decrease the issues such as as yield and quality losses from pests, inadequate water supply, environmental stresses etc. Currently, 60 biotech projects are in operation in Pakistan of 950 million rupees. Pakistan can utilize biotechnology to minimize the human risks as well as environmental risks.