It’s easier to accept a fixed set of features and probably fail. Way less fun though.
Scrum loves deadlines. An end to the holy debate
Teun Hompe

I’ve usually seen this comes together with a passive attitude and a disconnect between the team and the stakeholders or other parts of the organisation.

“WE (the team)know it’s an unrealistic deadline, but we have to do it because THEY promised something”.

This usually indicates a communication problem and lack of ownership of the problem they are trying to solve. I think you’re absolutely right when you mention goal-orientation.

When people think of deadlines, do they think of goals? or do they think of a day on a calendar?

I think the answer should be a firm “Both.”