Beginners Guide To Web Hosting | Stradsolutions
With the dawn of the internet age, websites have become the new telephone directory, serving as the gateway to organizations, schools, companies’ even individuals have websites. Websites, however, do not just exist on the internet, for a website to run effectively and functionally, web hosting has to take place. This article serves as an introductory guide to web hosting for those with little or no background knowledge. Web hosting refers to dedicated servers by companies (or individuals in rare cases) that are reserved for storing websites and the information they contain such as documents, pictures, videos and other content. These servers are run on hardware kept in data centers- buildings with a lot of communications and data equipment to ensure the speed and stability of internet connections, HVAC systems for cooling, and backup power supplies.
There are various types of web hosting; these include: dedicated hosting, VPS hosting, and cloud hosting.
• Dedicated server hosting- In this type of web hosting, a website owner rents an entire server, individual website are hosted on a particular server, in this type of server, there is total control over the web server, and exclusive modifications based on the website can be made to the server without the fear of adversely affecting any other websites also hosted on the server- this is referred to as root access. They, however, have the downside of cost, dedicated servers are quite expensive and are not suitable for low-budget websites.
• Virtual Private Server (VPS) Hosting- For VPS hosting, a single server is split into various virtual servers for different websites, each website has an “apparent portal” similar to being on a dedicated server, but in actual fact, there are other websites being hosted alongside on the server. There is improved website security in this type of server, and a fast VPS is very efficient compared to other server types.
• Cloud hosting- Here, a combination of servers- referred to as a cloud are used in synergy to host many websites. The hardware capabilities of many computers can, therefore, be combined to provide excellent speed and connectivity, Cloud hosting has the ability to handle large website traffic, there is, however, the drawback of Cloud hosting not providing root access, making it difficult to make changes to server settings.
There can be combinations of the types of web hosting such as cloud VPS, hardware enhancements can also be incorporated into the various types of web hosting service such as SSD VPS.
To host your own website (this will, however, have to be a relatively small website with low to medium traffic), the following steps can be followed (For Windows Operating System)
• Ensure you use an internet service provider that allows web hosting (some ISPs don’t allow it)
• Set up a static IP address- this usually requires a router
• Download a Windows web development environment such as Wampserver to allow for website creation and design
• You can now build your website and attach a domain name to it
It should be noted that for websites hosted on your computer, the website goes down whenever your computer goes off.
Originally published by www.stradsolutions.com