We all talk of good health. Are there some common parameters which indicate good health ?
Blood Pressure :The force of blood pressing against your artery walls is your blood pressure
Ideal BP is 120/80mm. BP over 140/90mm increases risk of heart attacks and strokes.
Cholesterol : Cholesterol is a fat-like, waxy substance in the blood which gets deposited in your arteries and reduces blood supply.
Ideally total cholesterol, which should be less than 200mg/dL; tri-glycerides, which should be less than 150mg/dL; good’ HDL cholesterol, greater than 60mg/dL and ‘bad’ LDL cholesterol, less than 100mg/dL. Higher levels of cholesterol may block blood flow to the heart an increase risk of heart disease.
BMI or Body Mass Index is a key indicator for fat in the body measures body fat using your height and weight.
Ideally BMI should be between 18.5 to 24.9. BMI less than 18, indicates under weight with possible nutritional deficiencies.
A BMI of 25 and above is considered to be overweight, while 30 and above is considered to be obese.
Sugar: The amount of glucose in the blood is called sugar
Sugar is measured by Fasting Sugar, PP sugar or HbAIc tests (hemoglobin Alc ).
A high HbAIc indicates pre diabetes, insulin resistance which lead to diabetes. Ideally HbAlc should be less than 5.7% and fasting glucose should be less than 126mg/dL.
Diabetes is usually diagnosed when HbAlc is 6.5% or higher, while your fasting glucose is 126mg/dL or higher. High sugar levels can damage blood vessels, increasing risk of heart disease and kidney failure.
A high sugar level, high cholesterol, high blood pressure, increase in risk of cardiovascular or heart disease, increase risk of strokes, aneurysm, kidney disease amongst a host of other medical problems.
Keeping your BMI in check can reduce incidence of hyper tension, kidney disease and diabetes.
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