Why Recycling Is Important For Smart Waste Management?
Recycling, simply put is the recovery and reprocessing of waste materials into new products. The primary phases involved in recycling are the collection of waste materials, their sorting, and then processing or manufacturing into new products. Examples of materials that can be recycled include iron and steel scrap, aluminum cans, glass bottles, paper, wood, and plastics. The recycled waste materials serve as alternatives for raw materials needed in most production industries. Recycling helps to reduce the quantities of solid waste deposited in landfills, which have become increasingly expensive to dispose. Recycling also reduces air, water and land pollution caused by poor waste disposal.
What Is Smart Waste Management?
Smart waste management is waste disposal in methods that will have little or no adverse effect on the environment. It is waste disposal in the best possible way. Smart waste management is a highly modified and sophisticated system of waste collection and disposal. The system is sophisticated and involves recycling of wastes and proper disposal of waste.
Importance Of Recycling In Smart Waste Management
The role of recycling in smart waste management cannot be overemphasised. Several materials that will take years to decompose or release toxic gases known as greenhouse gases into the atmosphere when combusted can simply be converted into useful new substances. Examples of such materials include:
Rubber: In times past used rubber was mainly burned. In other to prevent air pollution this practice has been abolished in most countries. Internal recycling is mainly practiced in rubber plant. The recycled material can be used in products that do not require top-grade rubber. Discarded tires can be made into swings as a recreational equipment in children playground and shredded rubber can be used as additive in asphalt pavements.
Paper: Paper is one of the major component of waste. It accounts for more than one-third of all waste materials dumped in landfills. Waste paper comes mainly from newspaper, office papers, computer paper, coloured paper, paper tissues and towels, boxboard (cereal and other small boxes), corrugated cardboards, etc. Newspapers and cardboard can be repulped and made into the same materials. Other scrap paper are recycled and used in the production of low-graded papers such as boxboards, paper tissues and towel etc. Smaller quantities of recycled paper can be made into cellulose insulation and other building products.
Glass: It makes up about 6 percent by weight of the material in municipal wastes. Glass is a material that is very easy to salvage. Large numbers of glass container are used worldwide and much of the glass is still not recycled. One of the pitfalls of recycling glass is separating it from other refuse.
Plastics: it accounts for about 10% by weight of municipal waste. It can be remelted and formed into new products.
Other recyclable materials include Metals, Wood etc.
Advantages of Recycling
- It lowers the quantity of waste sent to landfills and incinerators
- It conserves resources such as timber, water etc
- Avoids pollution
- Saves energy amongst others.
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