The role of public initiatives in the development of sport

Everyone knows the benefits of exercise and physical activity. But very few people thought that physical education and sport were in school, and have become the norm in modern society, due to the active and disinterested citizens.
So, at the dawn of the school, Johann Bernhard Basedow (Germany, 1723–1790) issued four-volume work entitled “Ordered supply all the necessary knowledge for training youth” (1774) as a guide to teaching.
In 1774, Basedow, with the money of the Duke of Anhalt-Dessaus, opened the Institute of Education. It was called — “Philanthropin.”
The basis of the concept were:
1) development of the individual as a representative of a particular class;
2) engaged in physical education, hardening and strengthening their health;
3) use in educational process not only punishment, but also encouraging;
4) labor education students;
5) the use of visual methods.
The next person who has made an enormous contribution to the development of sport on the planet, was Baron Pierre de Coubertin.
He had the idea of international competition in order to popularize the sport. That Coubertin drafted a revival of the Olympic Games and made November 25, 1892 at the Sorbonne, the world-famous University of Paris, with the report “Revival of Olympism.”
June 23, 1894 at the Congress at the Sorbonne was a historic decision — the resumption of the Olympic Games, based on sports honor and international friendship.
Today, millions of volunteers are working in preparation for the Olympic Games, in schools and orphanages. Millions of people donate funds to improve the quality of physical education of children and young people, and thus a healthy way of life.
Therefore, the main engine of the formation of public health of the planet and there are those people who help to develop physical education and sport.

Taras Bondar

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