Political Group

  • Arab Socialist Ba’ath Party in the of Syria region

Ba’ath Party is a secular Arab nationalist party that wa. This party has the Ba’athism as its main ideology. This is Arab nationalist ideology that promotes the development and creation of a unified Arab state through the leadership of a vanguard party over a progressive revolutionary government. This ideology mixes the old dream of an Arab nation with socialist ideas and more importan is secular. This ideology emerged after the dissolution of the European colonies in the Middle East.

From 1963 to 1970, Syria had been in an unstable potion because the country did not have a government established. It was the first time that the country was able to govern itself. Syria was no longer a France Colony. al-Assad became the president in 1971 and continued to rule Syria until his death in 2000. He made the Ba’ath Party, a dominated Shias party .

Hafez’s death in 2000, his son, Bashar al-Assad succeeded him as President of Syria and Regional Secretary of the Syrian Regional Branch. When he got to the power, many people believe that he would introduce reforms and stabilize the economy. Bashar al-Assad’s rule was stable until the Arab Spring began on 17 December 2010. Arab Spring was a revolutionary wave of both violent and non-violent demonstrations, protests, riots, coups and civil wars in North Africa and the Middle East. A year later, the war started. In the second year of the civil war, a referendum on a new constitution was held. The constitution was approved by the populace, and the article stating that Ba’ath Party was “the leading party of society and state” was removed and the constitution was ratified.

  • Hezbollah

Hezbollah is a Shia Islamist (extremist) political party and militant group Lebanese. The group is considered a terrorist organization for its Shia radical ideology. It is also called it “Party of God.” In recent years, Hezbollah had been involved with other terrorist groups as IS (Islamic State).

Hezbollah has been an ally of the Syria’s Ba’ath government. Hezbollah has helped al-Assad to maintain the power in Syrian through the civil war. The alliance between Hezbollah and Syria has been so important is because this party and Syria’s the government are mainly made up of Shias. They want to expand the power of Shia in the Islamic World.

In 2011, when the civil war started in Syria, Hezbollah was helping al-Assad to fight the rebels and recovered ground lost to rebels, particularly along the Lebanese border. In 2012, the United States sanctioned Hezbollah for the role they were playing in this war. Hezbollah’s member denied the party involvement had been fighting for the Syrian government, but it was not a secret to anybody that Hezbollah kept sending military support to l-Assad. They helped the Syrian government to retain control of over 23 villages. Although, Hezbollah continued to deny their intervention in the war, they did not stop sending troops to Syria.

In 2013, Syrian opposition groups affirmed that al-Assad military were helped by Hezbollah to attacked three Sunni villages in the for of the country. The same year leaders of the March 14 alliance and other prominent Lebanese figures called on Hezbollah to end its involvement in Syria’s conflict. The Lebanese government claimed that Hezbollah was putting the Lebanon at risk and that they were dragging the country into a war with the Syrian people. Despite that, Hezbollah continued to support al-Assad battle against the Sunnis rebels.

In recent years, Hezbollah gained more power and immunity, not only in the Lebanese, but also in the Arab world. It has sent legions of solders to Syria. It has sent trainers to Iraq. It has backed rebels in Yemen. And it has helped organize a battalion of militants from Afghanistan that can fight almost anywhere. For Hezbollah, the expansion has had a high cost, mainly because of its involvement in the war in Syria.

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