Rhetorical Analysis (Post 2)

In an article by Sheila S. Coronel called “Are Priests Duterte’s Fiercest Foes?”, she talks about how President Duterte’s decision will end up being detrimental instead of being beneficial for the safety of the people in Mindanao. She starts that article by using an anecdote in which a drug dealer is trying to fix his ways by going to the Catholic churches to ask for help. Although because of Duterte’s orders, the man was unable to get the help that he needed. She also goes into depth about the consequences of martial law if martial law is enacted long enough. Coronel also pull the views of various people affected by Duterte’s orders to support her stance on the subject. In order to get her point across, she uses the main three rhetorical devices: logos, ethos, and pathos. Using these three devices, her article is able to come to life rather than being uninteresting.

Coronel uses a good number of logos throughout the article. She uses the history of the Philippines in order to support her stance. For example, Coronel uses the quote “In 1986, at the behest of Cardinal Jaime Sin, the archbishop of Manila, Filipino Catholics came out in droves to support a popular uprising that ended the dictatorship of Ferdinand Marco”. She explains that, in the past, the Catholics in the Philippines were the ones who created the uprising. Based on this fact, she goes on to explain that Filipino Catholics of the present day will create the next uprising against President Duterte and his enactment of martial law. Another example would be when she states, “In the 1970s and 1980s, several of its priests joined the New People’s Army, a communist insurgency group”. These quotes are considered logos to show the reader the Catholic Church’s activism in the community to fight against something they believed in, which in this case was freedom from martial law during the Arroyo administration. Another reason these quotes are logos is because they show the reader that the Catholic Church is not afraid to create an uprising and is not afraid to start another uprising against President Duterte. Even though logos were a major part in Coronel’s article, she includes ethos as well.

Ethos, on the other hand, isn’t as evident as logos throughout Coronel’s article. The only definite part that stands out as ethos would be at the end of her article. At the end of her article she states that she “is a professor at Columbia University’s Graduate School of Journalism”. Even though her position doesn’t directly correlate to the topic of martial law enacted by Duterte, this does give her some credibility. This part of the essay shows that Coronel is able to research and report certain topics. If her work wasn’t truthful, she wouldn’t be able to teach others about journalism. Because Coronel does have credentials and is a professor at a graduate school, we can trust that she will be able to take information and put in into an article form that is without lying or twisting any part of the information. The last rhetorical device Coronel uses is what helps the essay come to life.

In this article, pathos was not as prevalent as logos, but was definitely bigger than the amount of ethos. Coronel gives a good amount of pathos in her article. For example, she said that “he has castigated the whole of the Philippine clergy for living opulently amid poverty, sexually abusing children and opposing a popular law requiring state clinics to provide free birth control”. Even though this quote rides the border of logos and pathos, the quote is more pathos. This is because it gives a strong vision of what is happening to the people of Mindanao evoking sympathy in the reader. Another example of pathos would be when Coronel uses a quote from Duterte when he says, “I challenge the Catholic Church,” he said in a speech in January. “You are full of shit. You all smell bad, corruption and all”. This quote is pathos because the strong language President Duterte uses causes the reader to feel taken aback. Coronel included Duterte’s speech in the article which is what really made the pages to come to life.

Throughout the article, Sheila S. Coronel uses various rhetorical concepts in order to make her article more effective compared to others. She used logos to appeal to the factual sense of the reader. She also uses ethos to help her credibility. Even though Coronel barely had any type of ethos, she still got her point across with the small credentials part in her article. Lastly, she uses pathos in her article. She used a good amount of pathos to work with in her article. She somewhat sits on the border of logos and pathos, although there was one difference between the two. The pathos that Coronel uses strong images and language for events that are very much concrete.

Works Cited:

Coronel, Sheila S. “Are Priests Duterte’s Fiercest Foes?” The New York Times, The New York Times, 4 Aug. 2017, www.nytimes.com/2017/08/04/opinion/are-priests-dutertes-fiercest-foes.html.

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