6 Most Popular Java Web Frameworks in 2021
A lot can be accomplished with Java: while it may be one of the oldest software programming languages, it continues to occupy a large number of developers around the world.
Here we are going to take a look at 6 of the main Java frameworks.
The most popular Java web frameworks are:
Spring is a powerful, lightweight, and most popular framework which makes Java quicker, easier, and safer to use. This framework is very popular among developers for its speed, simplicity, and productivity which helps to create enterprise-level web applications with complete ease. Spring MVC and Spring Boot made Java modern, reactive, and cloud-ready to build high-performance complex web applications hence used by many tech-giants, including Netflix, Amazon, Google, Microsoft, etc.
- Using Spring’s flexible and comprehensive third-party libraries you can build any web application you can imagine.
- Start a new Spring project in seconds, with, fast startup, fast shutdown, and optimized execution by default.
- Spring provides a lightweight container that can be triggered without a web server or application server.
- It provides backward compatibility and easy testability of your project.
- It supports JDBC which improves productivity and reduces the error as much as possible
- It supports modularity and both XML and annotation-based configuration
- Spring Boot has a huge ecosystem and community with extensive documentation and multiple Spring tutorials
It is a very useful framework, an open-source MVC framework for creating modern enterprise-level Java web applications that favor convention over configuration and reduce overall development time. It comes with plugins to support REST, AJAX, and JSON and can be easily integrated with other Java frameworks like Spring and Hibernate.
- Super Flexible and beginner-friendly,
- Reliable, based on MVC design pattern.
- Integration with REST, JSON, and AJAX.
- Creative themes and templates make development tasks faster.
- Extend capabilities for complex development,
- Reduced development time and Effort, makes dev easier and fun.
It is quite similar to Struts, a free web application developed framework, maintained by Oracle technology which simplifies building user interfaces for Server-side applications by assembling reusable UI components in a page. JSF is a component-based MVC framework that encapsulates various client-side technologies and focuses more on the presentation layer to allow web developers to create UI simply by just drag and drop.
- Rich libraries and reusable UI components,
- Easy front end tools to use without too much coding,
- Jsf helps to improve productivity and consistency,
- Enrich the user experience by adding Ajax events for validations and method invocations.
- It provides an API to represent and manage UI components and instead of using Java, JSF uses XML for view handling.
GWT (Google Web Toolkit)
- Google APIs are vastly used in GWT applications.
- Open-source and Developer-friendly.
- Easily create beautiful UIs without vast knowledge in front-end scripting languages.
- Create optimized web applications that are easy to debug.
It is a dynamic full-stack Java framework based on the MVC design pattern. which is easy to learn and most suitable for beginners. Grails is an object-oriented language that enhances developer productivity. While written in Groovy it can run on the Java platform and is perfectly compatible with Java syntax.
- Easy to Creating tags for the View,
- built-in support for RESTful APIs,
- you can mix Groovy and Java using Grails,
- best suitable for Rapid Development,
- configuration features are dynamic, no need to restart the server.
A unique type of framework that makes easier to build a web application using Java and follows the approach of convention over configuration. It is based on the stateless, web-friendly, and lightweight architecture, the MVC pattern. It provides minimal resource consumption (CPU & memory) for a highly scalable modern mobile and web application.
- High performance due to asynchronous processing
- Reactive principles improve the productivity of developer,
- Most of the errors are caught during compile time saving a lot of mistakes early in the development life-cycle.
- Easy and quick reload for any changes in the configuration,
- Easy to create simple JAR files.