Answering 4 Frequently Asked Questions About Scoliosis

A fully functional spine is imperative for a healthy body and lifestyle. The spinal cord transmits messages to the brain that help it control other body parts. Scoliosis is one of the major health conditions that impacts the spine and can even affect its functionality. Almost 3 to 9 million people in the US suffer from this problem. In severe cases, patients may need to opt for scoliosis surgery treatment if their condition degenerates with time. Moreover, everyone is at risk irrespective of their medical history. It is, therefore, imperative for scoliosis patients to to get a deeper understanding of their health condition. The blog addresses some FAQs on Scoliosis the for the benefit of readers. Read on to learn more.

1. What happens in scoliosis?

Scoliosis is a musculoskeletal disease that impacts the spine’s curvature. The problem is more common among adolescents and children as compared to adults. The spinal curve of a person affected by scoliosis resembles the alphabets C/S instead of running in a straight line. In some cases, the bones of a scoliotic spine rotates, therefore, resulting in uneven shoulders and waist.

2. What are the different types scoliosis?

Some of the most common variants of scoliosis include:

  • Idiopathic scoliosis is the most common type of scoliosis. The medical fraternity has not yet succeeded in ascertaining the exact causes that result in the health condition; however, most experts are of the opinion that patients usually inherit this health issue
  • Congenital scoliosis results due to a birth defect
  • Neuromuscular scoliosis occurs due to abnormality of muscles/bones. Patients suffering from cerebral palsy or paralysis are at high risk
  • Degenerative scoliosis usually results from a traumatic injury, bone collapse, back surgery or osteoporosis

3. What are common scoliosis symptoms?

Patients suffering from the condition usually exhibit the following symptoms:

  • Uneven shoulders and waist
  • A change in the skin texture overlying the spine. Many patients also experience formation of dimples and hairy patches in and around the area
  • Uneven body balance
  • Hips appear unusually highly placed

4. When is scoliosis surgery advised?

Specialists recommend scoliosis surgery in rare cases, and would naturally prefer alternate treatment options, such as the use of back braces or observing the patient’s condition during their growth years. Surgery is the last option and is usually advisable for patients whose curvature exceeds 45 degrees. There are two approaches to scoliosis surgery- The first method involves fixing a rod and adding bone from any other part of the body to ensure spinal fusion. An alternative procedure involves removing discs and placing screws in the vertebral bodies. The surgeon then adds bone to the disc space.

Conclusion

Despite the advancement of science, much still remains unknown about the factors that trigger the health condition in patients. That said, people of all ages are at risk and need to update their doctor about their condition if and when they experience any scoliosis symptoms. Seeking timely medical assistance can check the progression of the problem, therefore, reducing the need for aggressive treatment options.