Karl Marx and the Rise of Communism
Karl Marx, a philosopher and economist of German descent, presented a new theory of society that differed from that of Auguste Comte. Comte believed that he could reveal the laws by which individuals and societies interact by using traditional scientific methods. In doing so, bringing on a new “positivist” age of history. Karl Marx, on the other hand, refused the idea of positivism and believed in something else entirely.
Marx believed in the idea that growth and change in societies only occurred as a result of struggles between social classes. More specifically, he believed that the struggles over the means of production would shape a society. The reason for this was such events as the Industrial Revolution, which helped spike the rise in capitalism. At the time, there was a great separation between the factory owners and the workers. This then led to inequalities between the classes and disparities becoming common throughout this economic system.
It was these inequalities that influenced Karl Marx into believing that capitalism would soon fall and that communism would rise to take its place. He predicted that capitalism would fall due to revolt from the workers. This would lead to the society realizing that private ownership of corporations could not work and as a society would steer towards communism where nothing is owned privately and everything is distributed as needed.
This theory never came to pass within the time frame that Marx had predicted. However, the reason why I think this idea is important is because the switch from capitalism to communism has become more popular and is something that can create a heated debate in today’s society. I believe that Marx’s theory that capitalism would fall due to revolt from the workers of the corporations has happened, is happening, and will happen more and more in the near future. An example of this kind of revolt would be the employees rallying together demanding that minimum wage should be raised. I believe that we, citizens of the United States, could potentially be in the transitional stages of a change from capitalism to communism right now. Karl Marx’s predictions are a heavy influence on sociology. Not merely because he presented a new theory that is still popular today and in the history books of sociology, but because the theories he presented might in fact be taking place in the near future.