I’m conflicted. Most scientists are suspicious of any hypothesis about the natural world that even vaguely smells like “intelligent design.” I don’t blame them! Christian thinkers have historically embarrassed themselves with their eagerness to find God everywhere. Wherever you look in history, whenever there is some ambiguous phenomenon or some unexplained thing, you’ll also see a mob of excitable Christians tripping over each other as they rush to the scene, fingers pointing, spouting their impetuous solution:
“It’s God! God does that!”
But, of course, those unexplained things are eventually explained, clearly and naturally, without any need for supernatural involvement. God does not lift the sun every morning. The boy thrown into fits of trembling and convulsion on the floor is not possessed by a demon. Each hasty God-hypothesis gets explained away by science, leaving the God hypothesis less credible with each scientific success.
Christians are perseverant, though. They cling to preposterous views because they think their faith relies on it. If the earth was created just 6,000 years ago, you ask, how do you explain dinosaur bones dated at 65 million years old? Without straight faces they respond: “God placed those bones there and made them to look old.”
Pay close attention to the implication, here. These Christians will accept that God is a deceiver rather than simply relenting on even their most absurd beliefs—no matter how theologically irrelevant those beliefs are (such as the age of the earth).
So I don’t blame scientists for slowly backing out of the room whenever they sense the presence of an intelligent design proponent (I often feel the same way, and I believe in an intelligent designer). And yet, the intelligent design people are really only doing that which science does all the time: trying to detect design. Design detection is scientific. Science itself doesn’t work without it. You find this in at least 3 obvious places:
(1) Detecting fraud. There is powerful incentive for researchers to give fake results on their research. Maybe their research will facilitate the sale of a billion dollar drug. Or maybe their research could lead to a cushy university job. Or maybe they just want to impress some steamy-eyed love interest. Whatever the motivation, research fraud happens. It turns out, though, that the scientific community is fairly good at detecting fraudulent research. Fraud detection asks the question: Are these results natural? Or, are these results designed to convince us they are real even though they are not? Detecting fraudulent research IS detecting design.
(2) Forensic science. You walk into a room and find your housekeeper, Gretchen, laying face down on the kitchen table with a spear in her back and blood everywhere. Police are called. Investigators arrive. Pictures are taken. Notes are written. Professionals work the room, collecting fingerprints, snapping pictures, interviewing neighbors, trying to determine if Gretchen somehow accidentally impaled herself with the spear or if she was murdered. To put it another way, they seek to determine if her death was an accident, or if it was the result of someone else’s plan (design).
(3) SETI. The Search for Extra-Terrestrial Intelligence is a scientific organization searching the universe for intelligent life (aliens). Primarily, they search space for intelligent wave patterns. By definition they are trying to detect design in the universe. They are looking for intelligence.
The dilemma for naturalists is this: If design detection is such a fundamental part of how science operates, how can we meaningfully say that it shouldn’t be a part of science? And the further question: If we can confidently detect design when we investigate research results, bloody kitchens, and waves in space, why are we not allowed to apply those same scientific principles to the universe itself? There is no good reason to disallow it other than philosophical presupposition.
Dawkins argues, in “The God Delusion,” that it is pointless to try to detect design in the universe because this simply pushes the question back a level. That is, even if we were able to determine that there was a mind behind the universe we would still be left with the question of: What intelligence is responsible for this intelligent mind? Or, in other words: Where did God come from?
As much as I enjoy his writing I think this argument by Dawkins is surprisingly weak. Saying that it is unhelpful to detect God in the universe because we can’t know anything about where God came from is like saying that it doesn’t matter if we determine that our servant Gretchen was murdered because we do not know anything about the murderer. There is, of course, incredible value in confirming that someone was murdered, whether we know anything about the murderer or not! Determining that Gretchen was murdered justifies the search for the murderer. Determining that the universe was created justifies seeking out more about the creator.
To be clear, all I am arguing is that design detection is an essential part of doing science, and thus should not be excluded from it in any way. I am not arguing that design detection leads inevitably to an intelligent designer (although I think it does). Nor am I arguing that we should teach intelligent design in our public schools. That’s a separate issue (I happen to think it shouldn’t be taught there). All I am arguing is that, as embarrassing as they sometimes are, the intelligent design proponents are right about at least one thing: Design detection is a totally appropriate function of science.
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