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In my previous article, I shared about how we might go about creating a macOS app without a storyboard or .xib file. Now, we will learn how to add a menu bar (mainMenu bar) and toolbar and use constraints for our UI.

This tutorial is based on my previous article where we started a new project from scratch.

This tutorial uses Swift 5.2.2 and Xcode 11.4.1 (11E503a).

1. Adding a menu bar

If you followed my previous article, you may add this to main.swift:

let menu = AppMenu()
NSApplication.shared.mainMenu = menu
Added Line 11 & 13 in main.swift


Developing apps with storyboards is a pain. It’s more of a pain, especially when you have to deal with storyboards and merging conflicts using git.

If you aren’t persuaded enough to switch to programmatically creating your UI, you may check out this awesome article by Corey Davis, here (but be sure to return if you are looking to create macOS apps).

This tutorial uses Swift 5.2.2 and Xcode 11.4.1 (11E503a).

This tutorial assumes that you

  • have some experience with developing macOS apps using a storyboard
  • are ready to learn

1. Start from scratch

Ryan Theodore The

student. hobbyist. developer. designer. Learn more about me at ryanthe.com! Student, JS and Swift dev.

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