Thank you for clarifying, Phil. To your first bullet, what do you propose as an alternative?
Allison Washington
2

Perhaps this framework would be useful in characterizing gender and better articulating the concerns so many of us have with the twin tasks of constructing and maintaining identity through self-talk and outward expression:

Three are personal — ideas and facts about ourselves, and one is a cultural abstract — a cloud of ideas we encounter and which are embodied on laws and customs.

  1. Anatomical gender- ‘Male/Man, Female/Woman, and 1–2% Intersex, for whom special care is given with respect to assigned gender and psychological gender development.
  2. Psychological gender- our sense of identification with anatomical gender and/or assigned cultural gender expressions
  3. Cultural gender- the range of cultural rights, privileges, limitations, performative demands, etc. associated in every culture with anatomical gender and used to guide personal development and interpersonal

4. Gender expression- where we take 1 and 2 and try to operate within 3