Access to healthcare facilities, a bigger problem in India

The TrendyFeed
3 min readJun 9, 2020

The healthcare system in India is primarily administered by the states. India’s Constitution tasks each state with providing health care for its people. In order to address the lack of medical coverage in rural areas, the national government launched the National Rural Health Mission in 2005. This mission focuses resources on rural areas and poor states which have weak health services in the hope of improving health care in India’s poorest regions.

The health care system in India is universal. That being said, there is great discrepancy in the quality and coverage of medical treatment in India. Healthcare between states and rural and urban areas can be vastly different. Rural areas often suffer from physician shortages, and disparities between states mean that residents of the poorest states, like Bihar, often have less access to adequate healthcare than residents of relatively more affluent states. The TrendyFeed

Problems in healthcare facilities:

A serious drawback of India’s health service is the neglect of rural masses. It is largely a service based on urban hospitals. Although, there are large no. of PHC’s and rural hospitals yet the urban bias is visible.

In India shortage of medical personnel like doctors, nurses etc. is a basic problem in the health sector. Similarly the number of hospitals and dispensaries is insufficient in comparison to our vast population.

India has only 10 lakh registered doctors to cater to 1.3 billion citizens. As per the MCI claims, half of the doctors in the country are quacks( unregistered doctors who don’t hold a degree in allopathy). While urban areas have 58% qualified doctors, in rural areas the number is as low as 18.8%.

The availability of public health care services is abysmal. There is only one government allopathic doctor per 10,189 people, only one government hospital bed per 2046 people, and one state-run hospital per 90,343 people.

Out of 1 million doctors in the country, only 10% of them work in the public health sector. They lack good infrastructure, proper management, dedicated staff and many other things which are required to provide reasonable and appropriate healthcare. Medium

Despite being a rapidly growing economy, India spends a meagre resources on its healthcare needs. In fact, the overall expenditure on public healthcare in India has contracted over time given that India spends only about 1 percent of its GDP on public health.

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