Bagru- The Indian Indigo Culture

Indigo has always had a national flavor for us Indians, be it in Indigo Movement or with natural textile usage. One such indigo legacy is Indigo Bagru. Know the mysteries and intricacy attached to Indigo Bagru, plunge your hands into vats of the rich blue gold and have something you will be surely proud of.

Bagru is place renowned for its natural dyes, indigo dyes and Block Printing around the world. Bagru has a unique place in Textile Industry. This erstwhile sleepy and desolate village on the Jaipur-Ajmer Road in Rajasthan is now the cynosure of many fashion houses and boutiques. This village town of is not popular for any palaces, forts or any other historicity, but for its typical wooden prints. These prints of Bagru are acclaimed all over India and are particularly known as Bagru prints.

Image Source : https://in.pinterest.com/mansikshatriya/indigo-and-bagru/

Bagru printing is one of the traditional techniques of printing with natural colors followed by the chippas of a remote place of Rajasthan. The process starts from preparing the cloth to finished printed fabrics following an age old indigenous methods. There motifs have always stood out because of some specialty they behold. They are printed on light colored background with wooden blocks following two styles direct and resist style.

Indians were among the pioneers in the art of dyeing and printing with natural colors in the world. Dyeing with indigo was more of a mystery to many foreign travelers to India because they could observe no color when fabric is dipped in indigo bath colors develop during exposure in open air. Hand block printing has been recognized as a craft through generations in different clusters in the country. Each cluster follows its distinctive style & methods, uses locally available natural materials and motifs of some specialty. ‘Bagru’ print is that kind of centuries old traditional art of hand block printing still alive.

Image Source: http://mediaindia.eu/art-culture/8002/ and http://colouricious.com/art-textiles/unearth-roots-indian-block-printing/

Bagru is the place of Raiger and Chhipa community. Chhipa people are involved in this printing tradition since a century or so, while Raiger community is involved in the processing and manufacturing of lather and their products like Boots, Mochdi(Rajasthani jhutee) and other leather goods.

Bagru boasts of a handful of people skilled in this craft who still use traditional vegetable dyes in their hand block prints. Bagru’s method of printing is completely eco-friendly. From treating the base cloth with Fuller’s earth (multani mitti), soaking it in turmeric (haldi), to stamping the cloth with beautifully patterned blocks of wood using natural dyes of earthy hues, Bagru’s prints are epitome of eco-friendly textiles and printing practices. Something the world is looking up to now days. Added to that, natural coloring agents such as alum, turmeric, pomegranate, dried flowers, indigo, etc. are used to add colorful designs and motifs to the fabric. Blue from indigo, green from indigo mixed with pomegranate rinds, red from madder root and yellow from turmeric. It can’t get any more eco-friendlier than this.

Image Source : https://in.pinterest.com/mansikshatriya/indigo-and-bagru/

Buy Bagru print clothing at Tjori.

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