In 1953, Project Solarium represented a significant “consensus exercise” among US senior officials responsible with national security. Given the plenitude of US agencies involved, consensus had to be met so as a properly respond to the Soviet communist threat, in the wake of the Cold War. The project ended up with a national strategy that guided US actions until the end of the Cold War.

There are certain similarities between the Cold War and what is happening now in cyber space. …

Cyber security, as an industry, has recorded exponential growth, especially within the last two decades. It grew along with the Internet and evolved from a simple buzzword to a real technological risk that can put you out of business rather quickly. Within the last years cyber security seized media’s attention and reached on top of most CEO’s agendas.

But 20 years ago, it was not like this. The need for cyber security arose briefly after the period when inter-connectivity and inter-compatibility among systems and apps grew sky-high. Once you could reach any corner of the globe and data could be…

You must have surely heard a thing or two about GDPR. It’s short for General Data Protection Regulation, being EU’s latest regulation as regards privacy and data protection. It has entered into force on the 25 thof May 2018.

There’s a whole bunch of articles out there, surely you must have opened at least one, just out of curiosity.

I wouldn’t want to turn this post into a GDPR tutorial, as I also do not pretend to be a GDPR connoisseur, but just to stress out some of the implications the new regulation has on cyber security operations developed by…

Short comprehensive guide on current status and what you need to know in order to properly adopt AI in your company.


What exactly is AI?

Artificial Intelligence (AI) is the most compelling buzzword in tech. Just ignoring all of the alleged disruption that AI started to have upon everything, might seem like you don’t want a long and prosperous life for your business. The amount of articles, news, reports, conferences related to AI is just huge, almost becoming impossible for a starter to identify the meaningful content. All of this noise has also streamlined the creation of two rival ideologies regarding what AI might…

Harari vs. Zuckerberg on the social impact of technology.

Last week I was surprised to discover an engaging debate between Yuval Noah Harari (YNH) and Mark Zuckerberg (MZ), on the future of technology. I highly recommend the talk. It will give layman and tech people alike hints on current issues and future projections on technology development and its impact upon society as well as on Mark’s global ambitions.

Why is this discussion important? Well, both participants qualify as top influencers, that have or can have huge impact upon technology developments. On the one hand, Mark Zukerberg (MZ), Facebook’s CEO, manages world’s biggest social network with more than 2,3 billion

A simple online search for “cyber security predictions” will reveal a tremendous number of results. Everybody feels confident enough that they can predict the future in this area. But to what good, if human predictions are no better than “chimps randomly throwing darts at the possible outcomes”. Are we even near close to what the future in security might look like?

A little something about predictions

Foreseeing the future is man’s earnest desire. Humanity has always looked for ways into predicting future. …

Cooperation is “the process of groups of organisms working or acting together for common or mutual benefit, as opposed to working in competition for selfish benefit” (Wikipedia).

Thus, mutual benefit seems to be the key ingredient here. Nevertheless, identifying the mutual benefit appears to be an issue in cyber-security (and other fields, for that matter) as the level of cooperation still seems to be quite low, even after more than 15 years of global awareness in the area.

The year 2017 has been a cornerstone in cyber security. The WannaCry and Petya/NotPetya attacks have clearly demonstrated that cyber can easily…

Figure 1 (source)

Almost every source presenting financial facts in cyber security will astonish you with figures going into the area of hundred billions, giving you the impression that, if you work in the industry, you must be one of the luckiest guys in the world to work in such a profitable area. Nevertheless, caution must be used around such statistics, as with any other statistics, that although providing good hints usually need to be updated according to specific business contexts.

When measuring cyber security, different metrics are usually observed “in the wild”.

Metric 1: The cost of incidents

One of the most…

Image credits

The intro

Artificial Intelligence (AI)! Oh my, that sounds exciting and disturbing in the same time. Exciting, because man has always fantasized about playing God, and now we are as closer as we ever got to this. Disturbing, because some say [1] [2] [3], a superior form of intelligence, such as AI, might indisputably put an end to humanity, so to say.

But let’s have a thorough look at what AI really is at the moment. The AI concept, that we refer to today was invented in 1954 by John McCarthy and used for the first time at the famous…


What is technology

At this point, humanity has reached the highest level of dependency upon technology. This dependency has become so deeply entrenched that it has come to be totally acceptable for some to declare that life might seem meaningless without technology. According to this study, the average American nowadays spends more than 11 hours per day “watching, reading, listening to or simply interacting with media”. Are we going in the right direction? Are we handling well enough our own development as a species and our dependencies upon technology? …

Dan Tofan

Cyber security expert and technology savvy. Follow my writings at

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