El Sitio de París, Jean-Louis-Ernest Meissonier — Histoire par l’Image. Dominio público.

¿Qué es una sociedad en shock? Una breve recopilación histórica de superación de crisis.

¿Qué es una Sociedad en Shock?

En 2007, Naomi Klein publicó su La doctrina del shock. El auge del capitalismo del desastre.

La escritora canadiense desarrolla de forma brillante varios escenarios en los que nuestras sociedades se han encontrado de repente enfrentándose a un shock.

Estos shocks son de tal magnitud que paralizan la vida cotidiana de grandes poblaciones y cambian el curso de la historia.

Klein explora como algunos de estos shocks son consecuencia del mercado libre y el capitalismo de grandes empresas depredadoras.

Graves acusaciones son lanzadas contra el…


The Siege of Paris, Jean-Louis-Ernest Meissonier — Histoire par l’Image. Public domain.

What is a society in shock? A brief compilation of stories about humans overcoming crises.

In 2007, Naomi Klein published her bestseller The Shock Doctrine: The Rise of Disaster Capitalism.

The Canadian writer brilliantly develops several scenarios where our societies have suddenly faced a shock.

These shocks can be so severe that they paralyze the normal routines of entire populations, and even change the path of History.

Klein explores how some of these shocks are a consequence of the free market and transnational, predatory capitalism.

She strongly accuses the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank of manufacturing some…


This series of posts is a compilation of the foundational texts, mailing lists, online communities, books and essays of the cryptographic movement and hacker culture.

In this post, we’ll dive into some of the early documents of the hacker culture: The Jargon File and The Hacker’s Dictionary.

We’ll also have a look at the first book about them: Hackers – Heroes of the Computer Revolution.

Last but not least, we’ll see the creation of the hacker group that will have the most significant impact on society: The Cult of the Dead Cow.

If you’re new to this corner of the…


Generic Matrix-like code stream that looks good in thumbnails. Courtesy of xponentialdesign

This series of posts is a compilation of the foundational texts, mailing lists, online communities, books and essays of the cryptographic movement and hacker culture.

We’ll also take a look at the core philosophy behind cryptography and ethical hacking, and how these movements influence blockchain and cryptocurrencies.

But before we dive into it, let’s clarify some terms:

What is Cryptography?

Cryptography is the use of codes and encryption to protect secrets. Traditionally, this was done in pen and papers, then with some mechanical aids.

With the arrival of computers and the Internet, the level of complexity of the encryption method increased exponentially.

The…


That’s not Bitcoin price going up.

This is a series of articles exploring the different problems that current blockchains face from the technical point of view, and how some projects are trying to solve them.

How much coal do your Bitcoin holdings cost?

How much uranium was used to create your Ether?

These may be the weirdest questions that someone has ever asked about your crypto portfolio, but there’s a reason for them.

You may not be aware, but the two most prominent cryptocurrencies sitting in your wallet come with a high environmental cost.

Any network operating under Proof-of-Work consensus may be contributing to killing the…


Courtesy of Clayton Shonkwiler.

In this article, we’ll explore why blockchain as a technology is still only known within the reigns of crypto-anarchists, VCs and tech enthusiasts. Should we even stop saying blockchain altogether?

Ten years after Satoshi Nakamoto changed the world of value transfers, only a few out of the crypto bubble would know that he was the inventor of Bitcoin. And even fewer people know how its underlying technology works.

‘Blockchain’ has become a buzzword that raises company valuations and suspicious eyebrows at the same rate.

Some see it as the panacea that will make the bankers and politic apparatchiks collapse, while…


Image by Gerd Altmann

This is a series of articles about the history of blockchain, here are all the posts: Genesis (1980–2009), Consolidation (2010–2012), Volatility is Here (2013), New Projects, Old Scandals (2014), Bottom Is In, Investors Are On (2015), ICOs Everywhere (2016) and Altseason, Forks And All-Time-Highs (2017).

Claps, comments and shares much appreciated!

2018 began with the cryptocurrency market exploding in value to heights never seen.

After Bitcoin’s all-time-high on December 2017, the launch of the CMOE Bitcoin Futures and several exchange hacks, tens of billions of dollars fled into almost every altcoin in the market.

Digital assets like Ripple and Ethereum…


2017 was so far the biggest year for bitcoin and blockchain. The total size of the cryptocurrency market exploded from $18 billion to a peak of $664 billion, an x35 increase.


This is a series of articles about the history of blockchain, here are all the posts: Genesis (1980–2009), Consolidation (2010–2012), Volatility is Here (2013), New Projects, Old Scandals (2014) and Bottom Is In, Investors Are On (2015), Altseason, Forks, And All-Time-Highs (2017) and The Bull and the Bear (2018). Claps, comments and shares much appreciated!

2016 was a year marked by the consolidation of Initial Coin Offerings as the go-to way to launch new protocols or decentralised applications.

Bitcoin price was recovering slowly but steadily, and the use of the word blockchain got generalised in the technology world.

Many big…


Roger Ver at his best. Courtesy of Vpro Documentary & Silverhousehd

This is a series of articles about the history of blockchain, here are all the posts: Genesis (1980–2009), Consolidation (2010–2012), Volatility is Here (2013), New Projects, Old Scandals (2014), ICOs Everywhere (2016), Altseason, Forks, And All-Time-Highs (2017) and The Bull and the Bear (2018). Claps, comments and shares much appreciated!

2015 began with a crashing market that soon found a bottom. After the Chinese ban of late 2014, bitcoin price stabilised and soon started a new uptrend that will carry on until 2017 ATH.

In this longer-than-usual article, we’ll explore the explosion of significant investment in blockchain startups, as well…

Tony T

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