A referendum on the UK withdrawal from the European Union was held on June 23, 2016. But it is little known that it has been initially conceived by the former British Prime Minister David Cameron as some political sham, which aimed to show a significant number of Brexit supporters among Britons and their resolve. On one side, that was supposed to scare the EU bureaucrats in Brussels by granting special status to the United Kingdom within the EU, on the other — greatly enhance the popularity of British premier Cameron among the UK electorate. But the scenario did not materialize as the majority of Britons (51.89%) supported Brexit. It seems Brexit supporters’ campaign was better organized. Benefits from Brexit were shown to British residents as a chance for significant savings of public expenditures. For instance, in 2015 the country paid over £13 billion to the EU budget, and only £4.5 billion came back into the UK treasury. However, every coin has two sides. According to The Telegraph, London may pay from 45 to 55 billion euro for the UK withdrawal from the European Union. After the country’s withdrawal from the EU, each British family will lose 1,250 pounds annually. During the decade following Brexit, decreases in real income of British population are expected. A projected decreasing income rate is about 3.7%.
But anyway, the referendum took place. David Cameron had to resign. And on March 29, 2017 a formal withdrawal procedure took start. It was intended that Great Britain would completely withdraw from the EU on March 29, 2019. However, the organizational activities are quite slow. With the end of blatant and intense confrontation with Brussels, which basically focused on getting into who owes to whom and how much, a period of relative calm or behind-the-scenes activities has come. The sudden reversal of Ireland’s position, which consisted in playing hardly honorable role of the Trojan horse for the EU, has become the intermediate outcome of London’s quiet diplomacy. From the perspective of Irish representatives, the EU relations with Britain should be even closer than that with Norway. This will require development of a special agreement, the only one of its kind at European level. However, the ‘divide-and-rule’ tactics policy of dear old Roman times is still in force. And British political elite has always used it expertly on the entire European continent. We will see what happens now.