What Water Shortage?!
The ongoing annoying words from the last two decades are “Global Warming” and “Water Shortage” disasters. I think we can all agree that its sounds pretty dangerous and scary. Growing up in Southern California, I got letters in the mail suggesting the days I can water my lawn throughout the week. This was terrifying coming from the city officials. But is the world really running out of water and is climate change really making the world less blue? Many people understand and acknowledge that a person can live through global warming but can’t live without water. The Ironic fact is that global warming is actually causing more liquid water due to meting ice caps and rising sea levels. There is 326 trillion million gallons of water on earth and its not leaving this planet. So then what is the problem that we are facing when people are saying “water shortage”? According to USGS Water Science School https://water.usgs.gov/edu/earthhowmuch.html 97% of the water on the earth is salt water. Although the salt can be removed, it is a difficult and expensive process, which is the process known as distillation. Making 3% of the water on earth is fresh water and out of the 3%, 2% is frozen. Making only 1% of the water on Earth drinkable. But here’s the truth, water we consume or waste is going right back into the cycle: evaporation, condensation, precipitation and infiltration. So there is no shortage of water but in fact the displacement of drinkable and fresh water.
While drinking water seems to be most obvious need of water, everything around us takes water to produce from fruit, meat and to even tires on your car. The website Treehuggers http://www.treehugger.com/clean-technology announces that it takes 518 gallon to make just 1 tire, around 2000 gallons for just for the tires on the car your driving right now. According to Public Policy Institute of California, California uses 60% agricultural 50% environmental and 10% urban for its water usage. http://www.ppic.org/main/publication_show.asp?i=1108 So we have plenty of fresh water being used through but the problem is how to access it. But as more technology
How to access fresh water is the foundation of the problem. The men and women over at Water.org http://water.org/water-crisis/water-sanitation-facts say that “1 out of 10 people don’t have access to safe water”. The problem is that the vast majority of Earth’s water is contained in the oceans as saltwater, and must be desalinated before it can be used for drinking or farming. Another problem is that we have built our cites and reservoirs in places we expect water to be and collect. Also the water scarcity is a result of population growth. Along with water scarcity many private citizens own water rights, before the city was even founded. This gives private citizens the right to control rivers and streams that lead into major rivers and lakes that many could benefit from. Another problem are availability and transport, moving the freshwater from where it is plentiful such as mountains to where it is scarce such as deserts. Water is not worth transporting; it weighs too much to transport and receives no outcome such as oil or food.
With technology to make fresh water is unreal these day. The City of Carlsbad http://carlsbaddesal.com “The Claude “Bud” Lewis Carlsbad Desalination Plant is a 50 million gallon per day seawater desalination plant located Power Station in Carlsbad, California. Desalination has evolved into a desirable water supply alternative by tapping the largest reservoir in the world — the Pacific Ocean”. Third world countries that don’t have the money for this can use individual. The company Lifestraw has invented a straw for people in third world counties that are need of fresh water to be purified and filtered from contaminants. http://lifestraw.com/follow-the-liters/. Not only the company produces straw but machines that purify water by the gallon for villages across the globe.
Over all to find solutions, it’s important to understand this complex problem. Water is never really wasted but misused. Water moves from one place to another. But water conservation is very important, but not because fresh water is on high demand due to the high population but because it is the ultimate renewable resource. As with any resource, the issue is getting it to those who need it. Lifestraw has given 626,341 students in Kenya clean drinking water. Many agricultural companies are using the latest technology to preserve water to its fullest use. Using technology such as Bitponics. The website https://foodtechconnect.com/2014/03/21/6-water-saving-agricultural-technologies explains many new inventions that can conserve water in great amounts