…tems, there’s no set of underlying rules you can put in your models as equations that don’t change. Models for physical systems are based on an underlying set of basic equations — unfortunately we don’t really have these (yet!) for biology.”
…rring in the future,” Melbourne-Thomas says. “The crux of it is that we don’t have any other tools. Models are the only means we have to make any kinds of statements about what the future might look like. There’s no crystal ball.”
… ecosystem. It’s a shift that’s happening quickly, and when entire ecosystems shift at a fast rate, it’s very difficult to predict how the life in that system will react.