Roots and Branches : A British Punjabi Genealogy
I recently had the most amazing experience with my grandmother. I have written in the past about the problems with youth and identity and Tariq Ramadan’s Two-Parent Theory. I kind of understood what he was saying in that I have never known where I belong. Am I British and that’s all, am I British Asian, Pakistani, Punjabi? In the end I decided I was just a Muslim, that perhaps I belonged everywhere and no-where and that was okay.
I had been meaning for a long time to learn more about my family especially having grown up with the colourful stories told by my mum and grandmother. I thought it was an impossible task though. Traditional rural societies often don’t keep accurate records and my family’s history had been recorded verbally by a travelling record-keeper who has now passed away. There is scene in the book Roots by Alex Haley, where on his return to Africa a griot (repository of oral tradition) recites the family tree of Haley’s ancestor’s all the way back to the books protagonist Kunta Kinte. Reading this scene with my Punjabi tradition in mind sent a shiver down my spine.
Because of this I didn’t have high hopes of putting together a traditional English-style family tree, like the one created by a colleague who traced his unusual name back to the Domesday Book and found family as far as Canada and Australia.
I decided to try anyway and sat down with my grandmother one summery Saturday afternoon, pen and paper in hand and asked her “Gran who are we? Where did our people come from?” The answers that poured forth stunned me. She took me back seven generations to the people who travelled across the Punjab and settled in our beautiful little corner of it, through plague, drought, colonialism and partition. She told me about caste and the relationships between people of different religions (she used to get sweets from the Hindu girls on Diwali and Sikh girls on Visakhi, she used to give them flowers and fruit on Eid. My grandfather on the other hand worked in a Sikh household and was considered untouchable as a Muslim and not allowed near food or the kitchen). She told me about my grandfathers service in Burma during World War Two and how she traded his medals in as scrap metal to a travelling Pathan (Pukhtoon).
I cried with her when she told me how she lost a brother and sister to Typhoid in childhood and could still remember how pretty they were, she also told me how her father lost his parents and four siblings as a ten-year old to the plague that swept the Punjab in the nineteenth century and how he was raised by his sole living uncle and became the father to a great big family. She cried for the kindness and family ties that she says don’t exist anymore (although I promise myself I wont let them break yet) and then smiled as she told me about the coming of the children and grandchildren and the women that survived childbirth (not always the case in her time).
I couldn’t believe some of the stories about murder, land, war, politics, drugs, saints, jinn and general mischief she told me (so that’s where my little ones get it!). She also knew my husband’s grandfather — so I got the low-down on my in-laws too. She told me about the family’s book of records (shajrah –e-nasb) which I might be able to find on my next trip eastwards and the few old people who still might know our stories.
And then there were the stories of migration and hardship in a foreign place. Of a new home and leaving their children behind and going back home one by one.
It was the strangest feeling after a lifetime of feeling so rootless and not really belonging anywhere. It felt as if she had taken me and rooted me into the earth, I felt like my children and myself were part of something so much bigger — what a story! I cannot wait to learn more next time I travel to Pakistan.
“Whoever believes in Allah and the Last Day, let him maintain the bonds of kinship” (Bukhari)
‘Would you then, if you were given the authority, do mischief in the land and sever your ties of kinship?’ (Al-Quran 47.22)
Narrated ‘Aisha: (the wife of the Prophet, peace be upon him) The Prophet said, “The word ‘Ar-Rahm’ (womb) derives its name from ‘Ar-Rahman’ (i.e. Allah). So whosoever keeps good relations with it (womb i.e. Kith and kin), Allah will keep good relations with him, and whosoever will sever it (i.e. severs his bonds of Kith and kin) Allah too will sever His relations with him. (Bukari 73:18)