Unnmukt Urja is an India based start-up foraying into the production of industrially valuable products such as Very Low Sulphur Fuel Oils (VLSFO), Bitumen, and Methane gas from biomass (For example, agriculture waste such as rice straw and stubble). The company is founded on the principles of social inclusiveness, economic viability, and carbon neutrality, and the company aspires to become a triple-bottom-line clean energy company. The first plant at Bargarh facility (Odisha, India) is planned to utilize 240,000 tones/year of biomass (rice straw) producing 30 Million GJ of energy products per year.
At Unnmukt Urja, the supply chain (patent pending) and transportation are at the heart of raw material collection. The supply chain consists of collection center to procure the raw material and processing unit to process the input material. The job of the supply chain is not only to make sure the supply of raw material but also to meet the following guidelines –
o Provide a robust mechanism to deal with incoming source material i.e. rice straw
o Provide a consistent throughput from sourcing or collection centers to central processing unit
o Allow to control the flow as per the requirement of central processing unit
o Identify and switch over to backup means of transferring the raw material in case of any…
Broadly the term “biofuel” includes any fuel that is produced from biomass or waste using available technologies rather than natural geological process such as fossil fuels. Major biofuels available today are ethanol (made from food stock or biomass), biodiesel (made from vegetable oils or any other fats), bio crude (made from biomass) and biogas (Methane made from animal manure, biomass or other waste). All these fuels can be used as transport fuels either by way of blending or as stand alone fuels.
In 2018, 3% of global consumption of transport fuels was met by biofuels which needs to ride up to 9% by 2030 in order to meet IEA’s SDS (Sustainable Development Scenario). To meet this target production of biofuels are required to grow 10% year-on-year till 2030; however, the production grew only by 6% in 2019 and is expected to grow only at 3% for next five years. So, there is a strong case for governments and corporates to actively work on multiple fronts if the world is to achieve this target. …
Part 1: Air pollution PM2.5
At 12:30 AM on November 1, 2019 Air quality index of Delhi was 582. An Air quality index between 0–50 is considered “good”, 51–100 “satisfactory”, 101–200 “moderate”, 201–300 “poor”, 301–400 “very poor”, and 401–500 “severe”. Above 500 is “severe-plus or emergency” category.
Meanwhile, the blame of this complete fiasco was upon the ignorant farmers of Punjab and Haryana. In 2017–18, the average yield of rice, which is an essential staple diet for millions of Indians, was 169% of the national average. High yielding variety crops paved the way for Green revolution in India and allowed farmers to grow 3 crops instead of a maximum of 2 crops in fertile alluvial soil regions of the country, where water was available. …