Top Game Programming Languages

Vaibhav Tandon
Jan 16 · 4 min read

Who doesn’t want to be a game developer? The market of game development is rising year by year and with games like Fortnite and PUBG, it is at its best.

Ever thought of the programming languages which are used for making such cool games? Whether you have to learn a new programming language for it or the language you know is sufficient? These are some of the questions which are generally asked(mostly by newbie programmers).

So, here is the list of some top programming languages used to build modern day games(no particular order)

1. C++

It is very common that the programs written in C++ achieve fast execution over many programming languages, therefore it is considered as the language of choice for the professionals. Most of the games you play these days depend on C++ one way or the other. Because of the ability to control the low-level systems, it is very much preferred for game development over other programming languages.

Famous games written in C++ include :

Counter Strike | Doom 3 | World of Warcraft | StarCraft | Diablo

Game engines which use C++ :

Unreal Engine | Torque3D | Godot | CryEngine | Panda3D

and the list goes on…

2. C#

C# is considered as one of the best programming language for game development. It is very much preferred over other languages due to the high level of convenience it offers. If you want to create an impressive game, you will definitely need a game engine and C# offers you Unity3D, which is one of the best game engines out there. Whether it is a big game or small, on IOS, Android, Windows or any other platforms, it gives you a beginner-friendly environment and easy to learn than C and C++.

Famous games written in C# include :

Rick and Morty: VR | Cuphead | D.R.O.N.E. | Trinity | Coco VR

Game engines which use C# :

Unity | FLAX | Xenko | Monogame(for 2D)

3. JAVA

Java is one of the prominent programming languages and can also be used in game development. Most of the programmers find themselves comfortable in working with Java. Java provides them with one of its assets of game programming. It uses the same OOPs concepts as in C++. It is among those few languages which provide the ability to develop on multiple platforms. It is also the official Android Game development language and uses OpenGL for graphics purpose.

Famous games written in Java include :

Runescape | Roboforge | Star Wars Galaxies | IL-2 Sturmovik(Dirty Java) | Minecraft

Game engines which use Java :

JMonkey | LibGDX | Slick2D

4. JavaScript and HTML5

In the list of the best programming languages, how can JavaScript be left behind. JavaScript being the most versatile language also left its mark in this field. It is the most used language for web and integrates very easily with web applications. For building interactive online games it is one of the best languages. It is used with HTML5 to build games.

Famous games written in JavaScript include :

Hex GL | Gods will be watching | 2048 | Curvy

Game engines which use JavaScript :

Quintus | Babylon.js | Pixi.js | Phasor.js | PlayCanvas WebGL

5. Python

Python being a straight forward language with easy semantics and syntax is used for game development as well. All thanks to its wide variety and collection of libraries. It is capable of offering OOPs concept similar to C++ and Java.

Famous games written in Python include :

Civilization IV | Sims 4 | World of Tanks | Battlefield 2

Game engines/frameworks/libraries which use Python :

Pyglet | Delta3D | Soya3D | PyOpenGL

There are many programming languages which are used for game development but the ones mentioned above are the most widely used.

Other programming languages used for the game development are

  1. Lua
  2. ActionScript
  3. Papyrus(latest game programming language)
  4. Squirrel
  5. UnrealScript
  6. Objective C

and still more yet to come : )