The Hinomaru, or “circle of the sun”, is a universally recognized symbol of Japan, considered by many something more than a national flag. In the history of Japan, it has been used by many individuals and institutions to represent their power over an often actually very divided territory. From its Shinto roots of the sun image and its association with the goddess Amaterasu, to its use during the wars between daimyō, to the Tokugawa shogunate that started using it as an emblem against foreign powers. And finally, more recently, as the cruelly evocative crest of an imperialist nation. But it…

Valentina Bianchi

I love art. Especially Japanese. I write about it.

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