All Time 100 : History Books (📚BookAdvice)

All Time 100 : History Books

1. A Study of History by Arnold J. Toynbee

Arnold Toynbee’s A Study of History is his magnum opus. In it he analyses the rise and fall of all 26 of the great world civilizations; whereas, previous historians had mainly concentrated on the West. Toynbee traces general themes focussing on the genesis, growth, and disintegration of civilisations. …

2. The Making of the English Working Class by E. P. Thompson

This book transformed our understanding of English social history. Thompson revealed how working class people were not merely victims of history, moved by powerful forces outside of themselves, but were also active in creating their own culture and future, during the degradation of the industrial revolution.

3. The Mediterranean and the Mediterranean World in the Age of Philip II by Fernand Braudel

The Mediterranean and the Mediterranean World in the Age of Philip II is the most influencial work of the great 20th century historian Fernand Braudel, a leader of the Annales School. This work perfectly demonstrates Braudel’s l’histoire totale, writing history from as many perspectives as possible, including …

4. The Age of Revolution: 1789–1848 (4 Volume History of the Modern World) by Eric Hobsbawm

The Age of Revolution is a book by Eric Hobsbawm. It’s the first of 3 books about “the long 19th century”, and The Age of Extremes: The Short Twentieth Century, is the sequel to the trilogy.

5. The Radicalism of the American Revolution by Gordon S. Wood

Awarded the 1993 Pulitzer Prize for History, The Radicalism of the American Revolution by Gordon Wood argues that the American Revolution by rights deserves a place among the French, Industrial and Russian Revolutions as one of the great events in history. Wood synthesizes all the pertinent issues …

6. Plagues and Peoples by William H. McNeill

William McNeill’s Plagues and Peoples theorises about the impact disease has had on human history. He examines the influence plagues may have had on various events, such as the development of Chinese civilisation, the renaissance and the downfall of the Roman Empire.

7. The Sources of Social Power by Michael Mann

While Marx considered economics to be the driving force in the evolution of societies, and Weber believed religion played a role, with his protestant ethic theory, In the Sources of Social Power, Mann identifies 4 different forces — economic, military, ideological and political — and demonstrates their role …

8. The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire by Edward Gibbon

The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire is a book of history written by the English historian Edward Gibbon, which traces the trajectory of the Roman Empire and Western civilization as a whole from the late first century AD to the fall of the …

9. What Is History? by E. H. Carr

What is History? is Edward Carr’s brilliant work of historical theory. The text is based on The George Macaulay Trevelyan Lectures presented at University of Cambridge in 1961.

10. The Inheritance of Rome: Illuminating the Dark Ages 400–1000 by Chris Wickham

In Chris Wickham’s The Inheritance of Rome, he explains how the standard narrative has twisted our view of the world between the fall of Rome and the Renaissance. Civilisation did not end with Rome only to reappear a thousand years later. Instead it continued on in many ways …

11. The Contours of American History by William Appleman Williams

William Appleman Williams was one of the greatest opponents of US imperialism. The Modern Library chose The Contours of American History as one of the best 100 nonfiction books of the Twentieth Century.

12. The Origins of The Second World War by A.J.P. Taylor

The Origins of the Second World War is a history book by A.J.P. Taylor. In it he looks at the causes of World War II. It was controversial at the time for holding all sides to account for the outbreak of war, but has since been recognised as …

13. The Peloponnesian War by Thucydides

The History of the Peloponnesian War is a history of war of two factions, one led by Athens, the other led by Sparta. It was written by a former Athenian general, Thucydides. The account of the war is generally considered a classic in large part because Thucydides took …

14. A People’s History of the United States by Howard Zinn

A People’s History of the United States is an attempt by Howard Zinn to present an alternative history of America from below. It’s a view of US history from the perspective of ordinary and oppressed people. It’s extremely popular and — in addition to being on many high …

15. The Black Jacobins by C.L.R. James

The Black Jacobins is the authoritative history of the Haitian Revolution of 1794, the first revolution in the Third World.”The prospect of a Black Republic is equally disturbing to the Spanish, the English and the Americans. Jefferson has promised that on the instant the French army has arrived …

16. The Great Transformation: The Political and Economic Origins of Our Time by Karl Polanyi

In Polanyi’s classic work of economic history and sociology, he examines societal changes since the Industrial Revolution and expertly explains the inadequacies of the free market. Published in 1944, it is as relevant as today as ever, with Harvard Professor Stephen Walt recommending it in his Top 10 …

17. Liberty before Liberalism by Quentin Skinner

Liberty before Liberalism is a classic essay examining what liberal thought was in Ancient – Greek and Roman – times. Skinner uses this exploration of classical republican thought to explain the significance of intellectual history and the history of ideas.

18. Gender and the Politics of History by Joan Scott

Gender and the Politics of History marks a watershed in feminist history and gender equality. Joan Scott is a celebrated feminist historian and a professor at Princeton University.

19. Search for Modern China by Jonathan Spence

Jonathan Spence offers a comprehensive history of modern China from the Ming dynasty onwards. A leading scholar of Chinese history Spences text The Search for Modern China was ground-breaking for a popular work as it did not take a Eurocentric approach: modern Chinese history was taken from the …

20. Battle Cry of Freedom: The Civil War Era by James M. McPherson

James McPherson’s classic account of the Civil War era focusses not just on the war but the lead up too. Another fundamental theme is the many interpretations of liberty, as both sides believed they were fighting for the freedoms won in the Revolution. Battle Cry of Freedom won …

21. The Great Divergence: China, Europe, and the Making of the Modern World Economy by Kenneth Pomeranz

Why did the Industrial Revolution take place in the West and not the East? Ken Pomeranz demonstrates that prior to the Industrial Revolution East and West were very similar in economic terms. The Great Divergence provides new insights into why the West developed so quickly.

22. Nature’s Metropolis: Chicago and the Great West by William Cronon

William Cronin’s Nature’s Metropolis: Chicago and the Great West is a classic work of environmental history. In it he examines the environmental history of 19th-century America.

23. The Strange Death of Liberal England: 1910–1914 by George Dangerfield

The Strange Death of Liberal England, written by George Dangerfield, examines the causes of the fall of the British Liberal Party, from 1910 to 1914. The book was listed in the Modern Library’s top 100 best nonfiction books.

24. Religion and the Decline of Magic by Keith Thomas

Keith Thomas’s text looks at the 16th and 17th centuries where magic was being challenged in religion with the Reformation and in general with the rise of scietific, rational thinking.

25. The American Political Tradition: And the Men Who Made it by Richard Hofstadter

The American Political Tradition is a 1948 book by Richard Hofstadter, an account on the ideology of previous U.S. presidents and other political figures. The full title is The American Political Tradition and the …

26. A History of the Ancient World (Greece & Rome): Rome by Michael Rostovtzeff

First published in 1927 this monumental book has long been out of print. Brilliantly written, it stands on its own merits and has not been outdated by new discoveries or research. Rostovtzeff’s narrative begins in the fourth century B.C. and concludes with `the social and political catastrophe of …

27. The Guns of August by Barbara Tuchman

The Pulitzer Prize winning, The Guns of August, by Barbara W. Tuchman, is focussed on the first month of World War I. Tuchman explains in detail the events that led to the war. The book was featured in the Modern Library’s Top 100 nonfiction books of the 20th Century.

28. Hidden From History: 300 Years of Women’s Oppression and the Fight Against It by Sheila Rowbotham

Hidden From History is a study of women in Britain from the 1600s to the 1930s. It demonstrates how class, gender, work, family life, personal life and social pressures have interacted in women’s endeavours for equality.

29. The Century of Revolution: 1603–1714 by Christopher Hill

The Century of Revolution: 1603–1714 is a political and social history of the English Revolution by the famous Marxist historian Christopher Hill.

30. Postwar: A History of Europe Since 1945 by Tony Judt

Tony Judt’s Postwar is an inimitable history of Europe since 1045. Postwar ties together the histories of over 40 European nations, both Eastern and Western, in a grand narrative that also serves as a history of the development of the European Union.

31. A Preponderance of Power: National Security, the Truman Administration, and the Cold War by Melvyn Leffler

In the 1970s an enormous declassification of US Government documents took place on the Cold War. Melvyn Leffler used these documents to compile the most comprehensive history of the Truman administrations Cold War policy.

32. The Venture of Islam by Marshall G. S. Hodgson

Hodgson’s The Venture of Islam has been considered an exemplar work of history since its publication in 1975. The study traces the development of Islamic civilisation from its beginnings to the 12th century. Volume one examines the world before Muhammad and then the beginnings of the Muslim state.

33. The Sinews of Power: War, Money and the English State, 1688–1783 by John Brewer

John Brewer’s superb study shows how war and taxation moulded the English economy and state in ways that are still with us.

34. Coercion, Capital and European States: AD 990–1992 by Charles Tilly

Coercion, Capital and European States: AD 990–1992 is Charles Tilly’s magisterial account of European state formation. Looking at the varies systems of power that existed across Europe, Tilly explains how the nation state came to dominate and why it was by no-means inevitable. Towards the end of …

35. Orientalism by Edward W. Said

Orientalism is a book published in 1978 by Edward Said that has been highly influential and controversial in postcolonial studies and other fields. In the book, Said effectively redefined the term “Orientalism” to mean a constellation of false assumptions underlying Western attitudes toward the Middle East. This body …

36. A History of the Arab Peoples by Albert Hourani

A History of the Arab Peoples is the authoritative account of Arabic civilisation. A history with a grand scope, it covers the beginnings of the Islamic empire right up until the present day.

37. Commoners: Common Right, Enclosure and Social Change in England by J. M. Neeson

Did enclosure of the commons raise or lower living standards for the poor in England? This ground-breaking history enters that old debate, painting a rich picture of rural culture before enclosure and what was lost afterwards. Said to be the best book on the subject by EP Thompson.

38. Free Soil, Free Labor, Free Men: The Ideology of the Republican Party before the Civil War by Eric Foner

Foner charts the rise of the Republican Party, its ideological origins, the origins of the civil war and how the beginnings shaped reconstruction afterwards. Free Soil, Free Labor, Free Men is a classic of American history, by one of the 20th century’s leading historians.

39. The Annals: The Reigns of Tiberius, Claudius, and Nero by Cornelius Tacitus

The Annuls is a history of Ancient Rome from Tiberius to Nero. Written by a Roman senator and historian, Tacitus, the work represents the best in Roman historical writing and is an important source for modern understanding of the history of the Roman Empire.

40. Mass and Elite in Democratic Athens: Rhetoric, Ideology, and the Power of the People by Josiah Ober

The Roman Revolution argued that dictatorship in Rome was necessary; as a counterpoint, in Mass and Elite, Ober argues the case for democracy by examining the politics and sociology of Ancient Athens.

41. The Civilization of the Renaissance in Italy by Jacob Burckhardt

Swiss historian Jacob Burckhardt saw the Italian Renaissance as the beginning of the modern world. Within the Italian city-states a new world of arts, science and politics flourished.

42. American Holocaust: The Conquest of the New World by David E. Stannard

European colonisation of the Americas meant the destruction of the native peoples and was the greatest genocide in human history. Stannard opens with an account of the Americas before their discovery by Europeans and then outlines the consequences of colonialism and genocide in South, Central and North America.

43. The Great Chain of Being by Arthur O. Lovejoy

Lovejoy’s study explores the several thousand year history of the idea the great chain of being. The great chain of being is a religious hierarchical arrangement of all matter and life, with God at the top.

44. Guns, Germs, and Steel by Jared Diamond

The Pulitzer Prize winning Guns, Germs and Steel looks over the entirety of human history and explains why geography and available resources are determining factors in the success of any given civilisation. As such Diamond shows that race is not a determining factor in the success or failure …

45. The American Age: United States Foreign Policy at Home and Abroad 1750 to the Present by Walter LaFeber

This is the absolute leading text on US foreign policy. Beginning in the mid-eighteenth century, LaFeber gives a complete history to the present, examining all areas of foreign policy with great continuity and cohesiveness.

46. The Blood Never Dried: A People’s History of the British Empire by John Newsinger

The Blood Never Dried challenges the rising chorus of claims that the British Empire was a kinder, gentler force in the world of imperialism. John Newsinger sets out to uncover this neglected history of repression and resistance. To the boast that “”the sun never set on the British …

47. Reflections on the Cuban Missile Crisis by Raymond Garthoff

Raymond L. Garthoff – who was involved in US government discussions on the crisis – delivers a stunning history of the Cuban Missile Crisis, using both US sources and newly opened Soviet government sources too. This text widens the scope of our understanding of US — Soviet interactions …

48. The Landscape of History by John Lewis Gaddis

The Landscape of History is John Lewis Gaddis’ classic work of modern historiography. Gaddis is a noted historian of the Cold War and is a recipient of the Pulitzer Prize.

49. Imagined Communities by Benedict Anderson

Imagined Communities: Reflections on the Origin and Spread of Nationalism is the most read book on nationalism. It’s a historical, political and sociological analysis of nations which are really imagined communities or socially constructed communities.

50. The Destruction of the European Jews by Raul Hilberg

Hilberg’s The Destruction of the European Jews was the first major scholarly work on the subject of the Jewish Holocaust. Until the book appeared little information about the holocaust had reached the wider public and the text largely began a whole field of study In that area.

51. Famine: A Short History by Cormac O Grada

O Grada gives a history of famine from the earliest days of known history right up until the present. The text compares the causes and severity of famines, for example from Ireland in the 1840s to Bengal in the 1940s.

52. Imperial China 900–1800 by F. W. Mote

F. W. Mote’s book on Imperial China covers almost one thousand years of history. It is a political history of China but along the way it also describes how the Chinese economy and government institutions developed along a different path from those in Europe. Mote was a professor …

53. The Historian’s Craft by Marc Bloch

This work, by the co-founder of the Annales School deals with the uses and methods of history. It is useful for students of history, teachers of historiography and all those interested in the writings of the Annales school.

54. How Europe Underdeveloped Africa by Walter Rodney

This is the classic account of how European colonial powers underdeveloped Africa. Rodney explores the history of European exploitation of the continent and what it meant then and now in economic terms. If you’re interested in this you might also want to read Capitalism and Slavery.

55. African Perspectives on Colonialism by Albert Adu Boahen

In this history one of Africa’s leading historians examines African perspectives on colonialism, during the period 1880–1900, when all of Africa was colonised by the European powers.

56. A History of Russia by Nicholas Riasanovsky

Now completely revised in this eighth edition, A History of Russia covers the entire span of the country’s history, from ancient times to the post-communist present. Keeping with the hallmark of the text, Riasanovsky and Steinberg examine all aspects of Russia’s history — political, international, military, economic, social, and cultural — with …

57. The Discovery of India by Jawaharlal Nehru

The Discovery of India begins with chapters on the Intellectual and spiritual tradition of India. It then gives a complete account of the regions history with an excellent analysis of the tragic forced economic, moral and intellectual decline through British rule. Nehru and Gandhi both worked for liberation …

58. Colonising Egypt by Timothy Mitchell

Extending deconstructive theory to historical and political analysis, Timothy Mitchell examines the peculiarity of Western conceptions of order and truth through a re-reading of Europe’s colonial encounter with nineteenth-century Egypt.

59. The Fall of Rome: And the End of Civilization by Bryan Ward-Perkins

In The Fall of Rome, Bryan Ward-Perkins argues that the new theory of a peaceful and stable “Dark Age” is deeply flawed. Using archaeological evidence Ward-Perkins explores the economic and political collapse and what it meant for the lives of ordinary people. Ward-Perkins sees the collapse of Roman …

60. The City in History by Lewis Mumford

The City in History: Its Origins, Its Transformations, and Its Prospects, by Lewis Mumford, charts the rise of various types of cities throughout human history. The text won the National Book Award in 1961 and was included on the Modern Library’s 100 Best Nonfiction books list.

61. The Rise and Fall of the Great Powers by Paul Kennedy

The Rise and Fall of the Great Powers: Economic Change and Military Conflict from 1500 to 2000, by Paul Kennedy, is about national and international power in the modern period. It’s about the rise of state power in Western Europe over a 500 year period.

62. The French Revolution: From its Origins to 1793 by Georges Lefebvre

George Lefebvre is widely considered to be the greatest authority on the French Revolution and this is his magnum opus on the subject. This text is a classic and is still relevent to the field over 40 years after it was first published.

63. The Political Economy of Merchant Empires: State Power and World Trade, 1350–1750 by James D. Tracy

The Political Economy of Merchant Empires 1350–1750 follows the growth of European trade and state power as Europe rose to a position of dominance. Without overemphasising the importance of long-distance trade to domestic economies, this history follows a trend in history from the Venetian merchant empires …

64. The Great War and Modern Memory by Paul Fussell

The Great War and Modern Memory is a book that describes the literary works by English participants in World War I to their experiences in trench warfare. Fussell describes how the futility and insanity of war defined the thinking of a generation and led England away from Romantacism. The book won the …

65. The Cheese and the Worms: The Cosmos of a Sixteenth-Century Miller by Carlo Ginzburg

The Cheese and the Worms is a microhistory looking at the life and thoughts of one man to illuminate popular culture in the 16th century. The book examines the life of a miller, Menocchio, who was accused of heresy during the Inquisition and sentenced to death.

66. The Korean War: A History by Bruce Cumings

Bruce Cumings in The Korean War explains a war that is largely forgotten or misunderstood. This is the definitive account of a war that had a major impact on Asia.

67. The Idea of History by R. G. Collingwood

Collingwood’s The Idea of History explores how the idea of history has changed from the ancient world to the 20th century. This is a classic work of historiography.

68. History of the Byzantine State by George Ostrogorsky

George Ostrogorsky’s history of the Byzantine Empire focuses on political changes but also covers the social artistic, economic and religious aspects.

69. Age of the Democratic Revolution by R. R. Palmer

The Age of Democratic Revolution examines the beginning of the modern world, between 1760 and 1800, when political revolutions rocked the West. Palmer examines these great revolutions and also shows how many of the Western nations began to develop in a similar democratic direction.

70. The Crowd in History by George Rude

The great men theory of history was debunked by Tolstoy, as great men often do not shape history but are shaped by it. There are powerful forces in society that come from below, in the form of the crowd. In The Crowd in History, Rude examines turning points …

71. History of the Russian Revolution by Leon Trotsky

The classic account of the social, economic, and political dynamics of the first socialist revolution as told by one of its central leaders. Trotsky describes how, under Lenin s leadership, the Bolshevik Party led the working class, peasantry, and oppressed nationalities to overturn the monarchist regime of the …

72. The Many-Headed Hydra: Sailors, Slaves, Commoners, and the Hidden History of the Revolutionary Atlantic by Peter Linebaugh

Winner of the International Labor History AwardLong before the American Revolution and the Declaration of the Rights of Man, a motley crew of sailors, slaves, pirates, laborers, market women, and indentured servants had ideas about freedom and equality that would forever change history. The Many Headed-Hydra recounts their …

73. Africa: A Modern History by Guy Arnold

The end of the Second World War heralded the rapid end of European African empires. In 1945, only four African countries were independent; by 1963, thirty African states created the Organization of African Unity. Despite numerous problems, the 1960s were a time of optimism as Africans enjoyed their …

74. The Conquest of the Incas by John Hemming

€œDistinguished by an extraordinary empathy, a feeling of one€™s way into the minds of the sixteenth-century Spaniards and Indians . . . Provocative.” — New York Times An extraordinary book. Combining rigorous historical research and profound analysis with stylistic elegance, this work allows the reader …

75. The Decision to Use the Atomic Bomb by Gar Alperovitz

Controversial in nature, this book demonstrates that the United States did not need to use the atomic bomb against Japan. Alperovitz criticizes one of the most hotly debated precursory events to the Cold War, an event that was largely responsible for the evolution of post-World War II American …

76. American Slavery: 1619–1877 by Peter Kolchin

The single best short survey in America, now updated.Includes a New Preface and AfterwardIn terms of accessibility and comprehensive coverage, Kolchin’s American Slavery is a singularly important achievement. Now updated to address a decade of new scholarship, the book includes a new preface, afterword, and revised …

77. The Battle For Homestead, 1880–1892: Politics, Culture, and Steel by Paul Krause

Paul Krause calls upon the methods and insights of labor history, intellectual history, anthropology, and the history of technology to situate the events of the lockout and their significance in the broad context of America€™s Guilded Age. Utilizing extensive archival material, much of it heretofore unknown, he reconstructs …

78. Zapata and the Mexican Revolution by John Womack

The best piece of narrative history that has been written about modern Latin America in any language. In addition, it conveys an understanding of peasant revolutions that will be of great value to students of other areas beside Latin America.” -Ernest R. May

79. Reformation by Diarmaid MacCulloch

The National Book Critics Circle Award €“winning history of the Reformation €”from the New York Times bestselling author of Christianity and Silence At a time when men and women were prepared to kill €”and be killed €”for their …

80. Anatomy of a War: Vietnam, the United States, and the Modern Historical Experience by Gabriel Kolko

Kolko’s groundbreaking and widely cited study of the Vietnam War, with a new postscript by the author.

81. The Face of Battle by John Keegan

Military historian John Keegan’s groundbreaking analysis of combat and warfareThe Face of Battle is military history from the battlefield: a look at the direct experience of individuals at the “point of maximum danger.” Without the myth-making elements of rhetoric and xenophobia, and breaking away …

82. The Great War: 1914–1918 by Marc Ferro

A landmark history of the war that firmly places the First World War in the context of imperialism and gives due weight to the role of non-Europeans in the conflict.

83. Radical Enlightenment: Philosophy and the Making of Modernity 1650–1750 by Jonathan I. Israel

In the wake of the Scientific Revolution, the late seventeenth and eighteenth centuries saw the complete demolition of traditional structures of authority, scientific thought, and belief by the new philosophy and the philosophers, including Voltaire, Diderot, and Rousseau. The Radical Enlightenment played a part in this revolutionary process, …

84. Europe and the People Without History by Eric R. Wolf

Offering insight and equal consideration into the societies of the “civilized” and “uncivilized” world, Europe and the People Without History deftly explores the historical trajectory of so-called modern globalization. In this foundational text about the development of the global political economy, Eric R. Wolf challenges the long-held anthropological …

85. The History of Sexuality by Michel Foucault

The author turns his attention to sex and the reasons why we are driven constantly to analyze and discuss it. An iconoclastic explanation of modern sexual history.

86. Kingdoms and Communities in Western Europe 900–1300 by Susan Reynolds

This wide-ranging and perceptive book focuses on the collective values and activities of lay society over several centuries, from trade guilds and manor courts to the development of parliaments and the rule of feudal monarchs. It offers a new approach to the history of medieval Europe. The second …

87. Something New Under the Sun: An Environmental History of the Twentieth-Century World by J. R. McNeill

Refreshingly unpolemical and at times even witty, McNeill’s book brims with carefully sifted statistics and brilliant details.”?Washington Post Book World The history of the twentieth century is most often told through its world wars, the rise and fall of communism, or its economic upheavals. In his startling new …

88. Elementary Aspects of Peasant Insurgency in Colonial India by Ranajit Guha

Foreword by James ScottThis classic work in subaltern studies explores the common elements present in rebel consciousness during the Indian colonial period. Ranajit Guha—intellectual founder of the groundbreaking and influential Subaltern Studies Group—describes from the peasants’ viewpoint the relations of dominance and subordination in rural India from 1783 …

89. The Ethnic Cleansing of Palestine by Ilan Pappe

The renowned Israeli historian revisits the formative period of the State of Israel. Between 1947 and 1949, over 400 Palestinian villages were deliberately destroyed, civilians were massacred, and around a million men, women, and children were expelled from their homes at gunpoint. Denied for almost six decades, had …

90. Colonial Empires and Armies 1815–1960 by Victor Kiernan

V.G. Kiernan examines the manner in which the wars were conducted and their impact not only on the conquered societies but also on the societies which launched them. Kiernan addresses the ideology of empire — the concept of the civilizing mission, the triumph of civilization over barbarism — …

91. History of the Italian People by Giuliano Procacci

From the early years, when its cities and towns were self-governing, to the national rise to power of fascism this century, Italy has undergone many upheavals: political, social, economic and cultural. Pinpointing the year A.D. 1000 as a time when European supremacy began to take root, the author …

92. Bond Men Made Free: Medieval Peasant Movements and the English Rising of 1381 by Rodney Hilton

Rodney Hilton’s account of the Peasant’s Revolt of 1381 remains the classic authoritative text on the ‘English Rising’. Hilton views the revolt in the context of a general European pattern of class conflict. He demonstrates that the peasant movements that disturbed the Middle Ages were not mere unrelated …

93. Open Veins of Latin America: Five Centuries of the Pillage of a Continent by Eduardo Galeano

Since its U.S. debut a quarter-century ago, this brilliant text has set a new standard for historical scholarship of Latin America. It is also an outstanding political economy, a social and cultural narrative of the highest quality, and perhaps the finest description of primitive capital accumulation since Marx.Rather …

94. The Military Revolution: Military Innovation and the Rise of the West, 1500–1800 by Geoffrey Parker

Well before the Industrial Revolution, Europe developed the superior military potential and expertise that enabled her to dominate the world for the next two centuries. In this attractively illustrated and updated edition, Geoffrey Parker discusses the major changes in the military practice of the West during this …

95. Ancient Egypt: Anatomy of a Civilisation by Barry J. Kemp

Completely revised and updated to reflect the latest developments in the field, this second edition of Barry J. Kemp’s popular text presents a compelling reassessment of what gave ancient Egypt its distinctive and enduring characteristics. Ranging across Ancient Egyptian material culture, social and economic experiences, and the mindset of its people, …

96. A People’s Tragedy: The Russian Revolution: 1891–1924 by Orlando Figes

It is history on an epic yet human scale. Vast in scope, exhaustive in original research, written with passion, narrative skill, and human sympathy, A People’s Tragedy is a profound account of the Russian Revolution for a new generation. Many consider the Russian Revolution to be the most …

97. The Brenner Debate: Agrarian Class Structure and Economic Development in Pre-industrial Europe by T. H. Aston

Few historical issues have occasioned such discussion since at least the time of Marx as the transition from feudalism to capitalism in Western Europe. The Brenner Debate, which reprints from Past and Present various article in 1976, is a scholarly presentation of a variety of points of view, …

98. Society and Culture in Early Modern France by Natalie Zemon Davis

This classic collection of essays has already established itself as a rich source of material for students of sixteenth and seventeenth-century France. Natalie Davis focuses on the lower social orders — peasants, artisans, the poor generally — and in a series of brilliantly penetrating cast-studies throws fresh light …

99. The Machiavellian Moment: Florentine Political Thought and the Atlantic Republican Tradition by J. G. A. Pocock

The Machiavellian Moment is a classic study of the consequences for modern historical and social consciousness of the ideal of the classical republic revived by Machiavelli and other thinkers of Renaissance Italy. J.G.A. Pocock suggests that Machiavelli’s prime emphasis …

100. Empires of the Atlantic World: Britain and Spain in America 1492–1830 by John H. Elliott

This epic history compares the empires built by Spain and Britain in the Americas, from Columbu€™s arrival in the New World to the end of Spanish colonial rule in the early nineteenth century. J. H. Elliott, one of the most distinguished and versatile historians working today, offers us …