A Look at Frequently Asked Questions about Electronic Cigarettes

The term ‘e-cigarette’ refers to cigarettes that look like conventional ones but are made up of nicotine-based liquids contained in cartridges rather than tobacco. The liquids are heated during smoking by means of a heating element driven by batteries and then vaporised. Compositions of the liquids vary widely, depending on the type of product. As much as any substance containing nicotine is not 100% safe, numerous studies provide evidence that e cigs are much safer than ordinary cigarettes. According to harm reduction experts, switching from cigarettes to a product that is smoke free can reduce health risks to below 1% of consuming traditional cigarettes. This is almost the same as non-smokers. Below are some frequently asked questions about e-cigs.

How Does an e Cig Work?

The design of electronic cigars is similar to the appearance of traditional ones down to the fake end that glows red when a smoker puffs a drag. Often, an electronic cigarette is marketed as a lifestyle product. It usually consists of a plastic mouthpiece, a vaporiser having a battery-driven element, a battery and a cartridge containing the liquid to be evaporated. Refill packs for the cartridge can be bought at the market. An e-cigarette list of accessories is invariably also inclusive of a recharging device for the battery. Instead of tobacco being burnt, the liquid is heated up and vaporised in a manner similar to a normal cigarette’s smoke. The vapour contains the liquid’s substances. Technically, e-cigarettes can be perceived as a theoretical advancement of a nicotine inhaler utilised as a medicinal product for offsetting tobacco addiction.

What is the e Cigarette Liquid Made Up Of?

A list of substances is not available at the moment, as a result of the huge product spectrum. The basic mixture in which nicotine dissolves is known to represent solutions of glycerol and propylene glycol. Such solutions are utilised as fumigation agents, acting as carriers of additional ingredients like flavours, scents and nicotine. For instance, a liquid can contain vanilla extracts, flavour additives, malic acid, menthol as well as scents of ethyl acetate. It can also contain fragrances like tabanone typical of conventional tobacco elements. A certain American study detected pharmacologically active ingredients like an appetite suppressant called rimonabant and an erectile dysfunction-treating drug called tadalafil.

Do E-cigarettes Contain Nicotine Too?

Generally, an electronic cigarette UK also contains nicotine. Liquids that are free from nicotine are however available as well. No general statements can be made with regard to the nicotine levels present in the liquids, or the amount absorbed when the smoke is inhaled.

Are the Liquid’s Ingredients Listed on the Package?

It is advisable that manufacturers label cartridges that contain poisonous ingredients like nicotine, from a risk assessment’s perspective. Scientific studies carried out on e-cigarettes frequently found wrong declarations of apparently nicotine-free products and downright or inadequate labeling of liquids. Consequently, e-cigarette smokers often do not get any reliable information on the type of substances they inhale.

Are Electronic Cigarettes Harmful to Health?

This is probably the most frequently asked question. Inhalation of vaporized liquids can have a negative effect on a smoker’s health due to the fumigation agents glycerol or propylene glycol, nicotine, contaminants and additives. Health concerns are thus not limited to electronic cigs that contain nicotine. Generally, risk assessment is quite difficult due to lack of knowledge on the substances contained in the liquid and the wide variety of products.

Currently, nicotine appears to be the most significant health factor. Its psychological effects like thrombogenesis promotion, blood pressure elevation, a higher production of gastric acid and release of stress hormones all lead to certain chronic diseases to develop. Whether absorption of chronic nicotine from e-A Look at Frequently Asked Questions about Electronic Cigarettes increases the chances of developing cardiovascular diseases can only be established through long-term epidemiological studies and long-term investigations. Additionally, there are indications that vaporization of liquids can form carcinogenic substances like acrolein, formaldehyde and acetaldehyde that are also found in tobacco smoke.

Can Passive Smoking Occur With E-Cigarettes?

Smoking an e-cigarette can emit visible vapor into the ambient air. Risks for passive smokers cannot be totally excluded on a basis of the current state of knowledge. E-smokers can also mix their own liquids, applying different kinds of concentrates, substances and additives in doing so. Under such circumstances, neither passive smokers nor e-smokers will know whether the emissions released pose a health risk to their body.

Is an E-Cig Addictive?

There is a possibility that using electronic cigarettes that contain nicotine can induce independence on the substance. Using the e cigarettes can even lead to a subsequent switch to normal cigarettes.

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