V T LONDHE 1999–2000

The state of Madhya Pradesh finds its place in the heart of the Indian Nation. It is surrounded by the states of Gujarat, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh, and Maharashtra. It has in it the river Narmada one of the sacred rivers of India. As can very well be seen in the physical map of India that the rivers in the northern India either flow towards the East or the west while those in the southern India flow generally towards the East excepting a very few local ones flow towards the West. The peculiarity of the central state of the Madhya Pradesh is that practically all the rivers originate in this state itself and flow through in the rugged terrain and flow either towards the West or towards the North. However some rivers like the Sone and its tributaries flow towards the East also. The peculiarity of all these rivers is that whenever they enter the plains they enter either of the surrounding state. The West flowing rivers i.e. The Narmada, Tapti, Mahi etc. have their flow line carved out through the Vindhyan ranges in the geological history. They have therefore the important fact of possessing the faults. This fact can very well be verified from the geological L-Sections of these rivers. The North flowing rivers i.e. the rivers Chambal, Parvati, Sindh ,Betwa, Dhasan, Ken etc.hve their flow lines generally cut through the hill ranges. As such their beds are at different elevations along their flow and hence have huge ponds carrying lots of water collected therein throughout the year. This fact can very well be verified from the physical L-Sections of these rivers. The above facts are based on my personal experience throughout my service career of working in the Water Resource department of Madhya Pradesh for over 38 years.

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