IoT or Internet of things has empowered a massive change in how machines can communicate with each other and opened room for surreal technology. Today, we have billions of interconnected devices, digital machines, people, objects and even animals provided with unique identifier capable of transferring data over a scalable network without any human intervention.
This has brought a radical change in how this exceptional technology can be applied to tracking and tagging objects and how these data can be perceived to know their locations and even improve their existing routes. Whether we consider the old RFID tags or the latest NFC, we live in an era where obtaining information is never a hassle.
Top IoT tracking Technologies
While there are a lot of emerging IoT tracking technologies like BLE, Zigbee, RFID, LTE Advanced, GPS, LiFi, LPWAN, and NFC, we have enlisted the top 3 tracking technologies.
Remember how items get billed in a supermarket? They use RFID tags or Radio Frequency Identification IoT technology. Although there are two types of RFID tags — Passive RFID and Active RFID, they both use an electromagnetic field for identifying and tracking the tags. Passive tags do not have any power source and they are cheaper and more durable (lasts 20 years) but they lack data collecting ability and have distance limitation, unlike Active tags.
Beacons are Bluetooth Transmitter meticulously designed for short-distance communication which can detect nearby objects and store, process and transmit signals. They help in getting live location updates, navigation details and push notifications. Aruba, Gimbal, and Estimote are the top Beacon brands that sell these devices in the range of $5- $30.
NFC is one of the safest technologies for data communication in this Era. Near Field Communication utilizes Electromagnetic waves to encode, transmit and read the information at an extremely short range of just 5 cm. But actually, it is convenient and safe for two-way interaction.
Who doesn’t use GPS for navigation today? The global Positioning system is the most powerful tracking technology that has become the basis of how we move from one place to another. They are satellite-based navigation technology that collects the satellite data and sends it to all the GPS receiver on earth for processing and visualization.
IoT is here to stay and continue change our lives. But, where are these smart IoT tracking technologies being used? Supermarkets? Cargo tracking? We know their significance in Logistics, but here are some remarkable applications which have been unfolded due to the latest innovation in IoT.
We, humans, tend to make errors, that’s why we rely on machines. BLE beacons are transforming the way the data can be obtained and processed.
· Track equipment’ position and movement
· Eliminate incidents caused by asset drops and crashes.
· Implements proactive measures instead of reactive measures to continuously check the assets instead of periodic manual checks.
· Avoid Human Errors
Security is the top-most priority of a leading organization and NFC specializes in that. Batteryless or galvanized Isolated devices incorporate a higher level of security for access control using NFC chips.
Universally acclaimed technology for asset management and tracking, LTE involves an array of smart tracking solutions that includes:
· Instant notification about important events like unauthorized asset access or asset damage.
· Continuous and automatic asset reporting
Low Power Wide Area Network was adopted at its initial stages by Power utilities around the globe. They get long-distance communication while saving energy and minimizing the energy transmission costs.
Agriculture IoT farming and Food Supplies
By leveraging the power of RFID, Cattle are tagged to control diseases and manage livestock. Cattle tagging is the most profitable implementation of RFID used for food production. Furthermore, Food is also tagged to avoid food poisoning and contamination. MIT readers utilize the machine learning algorithm to interpret any contamination in food,
Today, GPS tagging solution forms a pivotal part of Agriculture IoT farming. From scrutinizing the field or predicting the yield, there’s everything where GPS solution can help the farmers.
· Precision Plowing by helping place furrows very precisely.
· GPS information makes room for Precision Agriculture where the seeds are precisely placed in the furrows.
· Mapping of Field helps determine the exact boundaries and thereby saves a lot of time for the farmers.
· GPS sensor predicts and monitors the yield
Ever heard of LoRaWAN? They are the perfect private networks aiding the farm operations and oil refineries with their higher throughput and larger file size support. LPWAN engenders a single gateway that could connect 100 farms in real-time to manage soil moisture, cattle hygiene, water level, and gate security.