March 26th Daily Current affairs-Vignan IAS.
JUDICIAL VACANCIESThe Supreme Court asked the government to clarify on the status of 55 recommendations made by the Collegium for judicial appointments to High Courts six months to nearly a year-and-a-half ago.About:Of the pending recommendations, 44 were made to fill vacancies in the Calcutta, Madhya Pradesh, Gauhati, Rajasthan and Punjab High Courts. These recommendations have been pending with the government for over seven months to a year.The total sanctioned strength in the 25 High Courts is 1,080. However, the present working strength is 661 with 419 vacancies as on March 1.The Supreme Court has been repeatedly conveying to the government its growing alarm at the judicial vacancies in High Courts.Important Info :Appointment of JudgesArticle 124(2) says that the President of India Shall appoint the judges after consultation with such number of Judges of the SC/HC as he deems necessary. For appointment of any Judge of SC (other than CJI), the CJI must be consulted.The three Judges case of 1981, 1993 & 1998 has formalised the collegium system for the purpose of consultation.The collegium for appointing SC judge consists of the CJI and 4 senior-most judges of SC.Memorandum of Procedure (MoP) was set up after the Third Judge Case of 1998 to provide the process of how the Collegium would recommend names to the Executive.The President of India can either accept the recommendation or send it back for reconsideration. The reconsidered advice must be accepted by the President.Sou