Different Types of NGOs as Explained by Relief India Trust

Introduction:

The Non Government Organizations are creating great vibes all across the word as they give deprived and underprivileged people great hope for a better future. If you have a good look around in the NGOs sector, then you will find a number of different types of NGOs. According to Relief India Trust, all the different types of NGOs are operating in different domains in order to rectify a specific issue existing in our society. The different NGOs may have different organizational structures which is characterized by their aims and objectives and the type of challenges that come their way. Broadly speaking, an NGO can be categorized either by orientation or by the level of operation which we will discuss in the following sections to come.

NGOs by Orientation:

The Relief India Trust NGO explains the following different types of NGOs categorized under the NGOs by orientation:

1. Charitable Orientation — It works in the society by a top-down paternalistic approach with very moderate participation by the beneficiaries of the organization. The activities of such NGOs are directed more towards the benefits of the poor people in the society.

2. Service Orientation — They perform activities such as the provision of health, education and family beneficiary programs to help the people in their society.

3. Participatory Orientations — It is a self help type of organization as it involves the local or the needy people to work for their own betterment. Such organizations help such people by providing them with the necessary cash, materials, tools, labor and land to get the job done for them.

4. Empowering Orientation — Such organizations empower the particular groups of deprived people with their due rights and support them as how they can get the rights which are their birth rights.

NGOS by Level of Operation:

The Relief India Trust tells about the following types of NGOs which are categorized by level of operation:

1. Community Based Organizations — The CBOs come into existence through the initiative taken by the people of the community. They work to literate the urban and the privileged people in the society about the miseries and the sufferings of the poor. Such efforts in return help them to generate funds and other services to help a particular group of underprivileged people.

2. City-wide Organization — Such organizations are typically based on ethnic groups, business and commerce coalitions.

3. National NGOs — The national NGOs work on a much larger scale and usually have some city or maybe state branches in order to help and support the other small NGOs with the material and resources that they need. They have great relevance and acceptance throughout the country where they operate.

4. International NGOs — They may include the secular organizations to all the religiously motivated organizations. They are very influential as they work on a very large scale. They help several national and local NGOs in different countries with the material and resources that they need.

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