Atal Mission For Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRU) Yojana

Atal Mission For Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRU) Yojana

Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation was launched by Prime MinisterNarendra Modi in June 2015 with the focus of the urban renewal projects to set up infrastructure that could ensure adequate robust sewerage networks and water supply for urban transformation. Rajasthan was the first state in the country to submit State Annual Action Plan under Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT). The schemes aimed to achieve their target by 2022, Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT) were launched on the same day. The scheme is dependent on public-private partnership model (PPP) model. If required, various other schemes like Swachh Bharat Mission, Housing for All 2022, along with the local state schemes like that related to water supply and sewerage and other infrastructure related schemes can be linked to AMRUT.

About ₹1 lakh crore (US$15 billion) investment on urban development under Smart Cities Mission and the Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation of 500 cities has already been approved by the government.

Prime Minister Narendra Modi has finally launched his dream project of building 100 Smart Cities on 29 April 2015, when the Cabinet chaired by him approved of Rs 48,000 crore outlay to be spent on the project over the next five years.
 This scheme is a major project in itself as it includes urban transformation and development by collaborating with other schemes as well if required.It has its target all set and is constantly working to achieve it as soon as possible. It requires major funding which is being provided by the government.

The Cabinet also approved the Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT), a mission aimed at transforming 500 cities and towns into efficient urban living spaces, with a special focus on a healthy and green environment for children.
 It has a special focus on urban infrastructure development that India needs if it has to emerge as a strong contender for a developed nation status with a strong financial structure in terms of every different industry.

With an aim to cover 500 cities, it is expanding all over the globe.

Highlights

· Urban transformation

· Huge funding

· Major targets

· Major developments

· Economic transformation

· Healthy environment

· Green and clean cities

· Solving water supply problems

· Providing basic facilities everywhere

Eligibility

SAAP(State Annual Action Plans) is a consolidated plan of all the city level SLIPs(Service Level Improvement Plans) of all proposed AMRUT cities in the respective states. A formulation on City level SLIP is done based on diligent evaluation of uncertainties in the availability of infrastructure like water supply, sewerage network, draining system, transportation facilities, available digital and internet facilities, industrial facilities etc. 135litres per capita per day is another reason in the process including water supply and sewerage connections to all urban households.

Areas Covered

· Water Supply

· Sewerage facilities

· Septage management,

· Storm Water drains to reduce flooding,

· Pedestrian, non-motorized and public transport facilities,

· parking spaces,

· Enhancing amenity value of cities by creating and upgrading green spaces, parks and recreation centers, especially for children.

Objectives

The aims and objectives of Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT) are

1. To ensure that every household has access to a tap with assured supply of water and a sewerage connection;

2. To increase the amenity value of cities by developing greenery and well maintained open spaces

3. To lessen the pollution by switching to public transport or constructing facilities for non-motorized transport (e.g. walking and cycling).

Funding of the Scheme

The total outlay for AMRUT is Rs. 50,000 crores for five years from the financial year 2015–16 to 2019–20 and the Mission will be operated as a Centrally Sponsored Scheme. The AMRUT may be continued thereafter in the light of an evaluation done by the MoUD and incorporating learnings in the Mission

Implementation

First Phase Implementation

89 cities in Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat and Rajasthan have been allocated funds under the first phase of the mission. A huge allotment of the fund has been done for them by the Apex Committee of AMRUT under the State Annual Action Plans (SAAP) for these states for the period of 2015–16. At each city level, a City Mission Management Units (CMMUs) is proposed to be set up which will assist the Urban Local Body (ULB) in terms of staff and technology.

Later Phase

The flagship program has already invited a huge fund and contribution of big companies. In a later stage, the rest of the cities out of 500 will be finalized and implemented for the next phase.

Conclusion

Will the missions succeed or will they end up being lost like any other scheme?
 As with any large project, there will always be the naysayers. It has come under major criticism for being too ambitious and providing little facilities in comparison to the funding.
 That maybe partially true. While it is true that the cities will require significantly more than what has been offered by the center, however, it is also true that the states will be taking their own initiatives in raising funds and resources to meet mission objectives.
 It must be seen in the view where most cities and towns in India have suffered years of abandon, with minimal investment in improving existing infrastructure or building new ones. This mission is the initiation towards making the much-needed transformation. After all, urban infrastructure expansion and progress cannot stop with one government but must remain a part of an ongoing process. The fact that the government has initiated steps with active participation from the states, could well give much-needed momentum to an overstressed and obsolete infrastructure. It’s time for India to transform.
 Till now central control over projects did not succeed in improving or incentivizing state level participation. With the new approach of expanding central funding support and leaving it to the states to execute and monitor the projects as per their priorities and local needs, the center has shifted the challenge and responsibility to the states.

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