Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana | PMKSY
Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana | PMKSY
The Pro-farmer measure of the NDA Government, the Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana has been formulated amalgamating ongoing scheme viz.
The Indian economy is highly dependent on the agricultural sector. Most of the population essentially is in need to address the growing food demands each year. This dependency is best seen in a year when a below normal monsoon sends the prices of food items sky high.
According to the current estimates, out of the 142 million hectares of agricultural land in India, only 45% have an arrangement for artificial irrigation. The scheme shall assume responsibility for various irrigation projects that were not executed in the proper manner by the previous governments despite the adequate amount of funds. These projects shall be improved based on strict quality guidelines. There are about 1,300 watershed projects that have remained in limbo shall now be completed.
The ongoing schemes:
· Accelerated Irrigation Benefit Program (AIBP) of Ministry of Water Resources
· River Development & Ganga Rejuvenation
· Integrated Watershed Management Program (IWMP) of the Department of Land Resources
· On Farm Water Management (OFWM) component of National Mission on Sustainable Agriculture (NMSA) of Department of Agriculture and Cooperation
The approach towards the Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana
The PMKSY is to be implemented in areas of development approach, adopting decentralizing state level planning and projected execution, allowing the state to draw their irrigation development plans based on district/ blocks plans with a horizon of 5 to 7 years. States can take up projects based on the District/State Irrigation Plan.
Apart from the irrigation projects, INR 200 crore from this scheme will be earmarked as Agri-Tech Infrastructure Fund (ATIF) — the corpus required to promote the National Agricultural Market (NAM). This will give farmers easy access to the markets for the sale of their produce.
The PMKSY has an outline of INR 50,000 crore for a period of 5 years (2015–16 to 2019–20) is to achieve convergence of investments in irrigation at the field level.
The Program Structure
The planning and implementation of the Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana have been decentralized and the states shall now draw district-level plans for its successful implementation.
The Long-term devotion to these District Irrigation Plans (DIP) and State Irrigation Plans (SIP) will be supervised by a National Steering Committee (NSC) with the representation from the various ministries involved and shall be monitored by the Union Ministers. The prime minister is the head of the committee.
The implementation of the progress shall be overseen by a National Executive Committee (NEC), Which shall be chaired by the Vice-Chairman of the NITI Aayog.
PMKSY and Pro-farmer Schemes
The Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana is part of a group of pro-farmer measures that the NDA government endeavours to implement. Earlier the cabinet led by Narendra Modi agreed on various amendments to the Land Acquisitions Act of 2013, which are likely to benefit those farmers whose lands are acquired by the central government for implementation of various projects.
Apart from these, the NDA government has launched a number of social security schemes such as (pensions, insurance schemes etc.) targeted to improve a lot of the poor people in the country, with specific emphasis on the rural areas.
Objectives of the PMKSY
· Achieve convergence of investment in irrigation at the field level (preparation of district level and if required, sub-district level water use plans)
· Enhance the physical access of water on the farm and expand cultivate areas under assured irrigation (har khet ko pani)
· Improve on-farm water use and reduce the wastage and efficiently increase the availability of both in duration and extent.
· Integration of water source, distribution and its efficient use to make best use water through appropriate technologies and practices.
· Enhance the adoption of precision irrigation and other water-saving technologies
· Enhance recharge of aquifers and introduce sustainable water conservation practices
· Ensure the integrated development of rain-fed areas using the watershed approach towards soil and water conservation, ground water regeneration, runoff arresting, NRM and other optional livelihood activities.
· Promote extension activities relating to harvesting water, crop alignment, and water management for farmers and grass root level field functionaries.
· Explore the feasibility of reusing treated municipal waste water for peri — urban agriculture for farmers and grass root level field functionaries.
· Attract greater private investments in irrigation.
The scheme Components
The PMKSY has followed program components:
Accelerated Irrigation Benefit Program (AIBP)
· To focus on faster completion of ongoing Major and Medium Irrigation including National Projects
PMKSY ( Har Khet Ko Pani)
· The creation of the new water sources through Minor irrigation (both surface and ground water)
· Repair, restore and renovate of water bodies
· Command area development, strengthening, and creation of distribution network from the source to the farm
· Groundwater development in the areas where it is abundant, so that sink is created to runoff/ flood water during peak rainy season.
· Improvement in water management and distribution system for water bodies to take advantage of the available source which is not tapped to its fullest capacity. At least 10% of the command area to be covered under the micro-precision irrigation.
· Creating and rejuvenating traditional water storage systems like Jal Mandir (Gujarat), Khatri, Kuhl (H.P), Zabo (Nagaland), Eri, Ooranis (T.N), Dongs (Assam), Katas, Bandhas (Odisha and M.P).
PMKSY ( Per Drop More Crop)
· Program management, preparations of State/District Irrigation Plan, approval of annual action plan monitoring
· Promoting efficient water conveyance and precision water application devices like drips, sprinklers, pivots, rain-guns in the farm
· Water lifting devices like diesel/ electric/ solar pump sets including water carriage pipes, undergoing piping systems.
· Capacity building, training and awareness campaign including low-cost publications, use of Pico projectors and low-cost films for encouraging the potential use of water source through technological, agronomical and management practices including community irrigation.
PMKSY (watershed development)
· Effective management of runoff water and improved soil & moisture conservation activities such as ridge area treatment, drainage line 5 treatment, rainwater harvesting, in situ moisture conservation and other allied activities on a watershed basis.
· Converging with MGNREGS for the creation of water source to full potential in identified backward rain-fed blocks including renovation of traditional water bodies.