Shyama Prasad Mukherji Rurban Mission (SPMRM) | All about Rurban Mission

May 24, 2017 · 5 min read

Shyama Prasad Mukherji Rurban Mission (SPMRM) | All about Rurban Mission

With the ambition to transform the rural areas to economically, socially and physically maintainable spaces, the Prime Minister Narendra Modi approved the Shyama Prasad Mukherji Rurban Mission (SPMRM) with an expenditure of 5,142.08 crores on the 16th of September 2015.

The mission aims to develop an approximate of 300 rural growth clusters called ‘Rurban Clusters’ which would have the latent potential for growth, in practically all States and Union Territories, this would trigger and overall development in the region. These clusters would be developed by provisioning the economic activities, developing skills & local entrepreneurship and providing infrastructure amenities.

The vision of the Shyama Prasad Mukherji Rurban Mission

To develop a cluster of villages that have helped preserve and nurture the essence of the rural community life with the focus on equity and completeness without compromising with the facilities perceived to be essentially urban in nature, thus this would create a well-planned cluster of “Rurban villages”.

The objective of the NRuM

The objective of the National Rurban Mission is to stimulate a local economic development, enhance the basic services and create a well-planned Rurban Cluster.

The Rurban Background

India is a predominantly rural, with 833 million people living in the rural areas, thus meaning that this almost 68% of the total population with a growth in the past couple of years.

Large parts of the rural areas in the country are actually clusters of settlements, which are proximate to each other. The clusters demonstrate a potential growth, have economic drivers and drive a competitive and locational advantage. These clusters once developed can be classified as ‘Rurban Areas’.

These clusters can be taken as an advantage as both an economic view as well as a way to optimise the benefits of infrastructure provision, the Government of India has approved the Shyama Prasad Mukherji Rurban Mission (SPMRM), aimed at developing such as ‘Rurban Clusters’.

These clusters are expected to be strengthened with the required amenities for which it is proposed that resources be mobilised through the meeting of various Government schemes to reduce the gap between urban and rural areas of India, the funding provided under this mission will be focused on the development of theses clusters.

These clusters would be notified as planning areas and would comprise of well-planned layouts following the planning norms

· As laid down in the State Town

· And Country Planning Acts

This mission would hereinafter be referred to as National Rurban Mission (NRuM)

What is a Rurban Cluster?

A Rurban Cluster is a cluster of geographically contiguous villages with a population of about 2, 5000 to 50000 in plain and coastal areas and a population of 5000 to 15000 in deserts and hilly or tribal areas.

The clusters of villages would have to follow an administrative convergence unit of the Gram Panchayats and shall be given within a single block/ tehsil for administrative conveniences.

How are the clusters being selected?

The State Government has been selecting a Gram Panchayats/ clusters of geographically contiguous Gram Panchayats, with a population of 25,000 to 50,000 in plain and coastal areas and a population of 5,000 to 15,000 in the deserts, hilly and island or tribal areas as a ‘Rural Clusters’.

There would be two categories of clusters, Non-Tribal and Tribal:

Non-Tribal Clusters

Tribal Clusters

· Decadal growth in Rural population

· Decadal growth in the Tribal population

· Rise in Land Values

· Growth in the Tribal Literacy

· Decadal growth in Non-Farm Workforce participation

· Decadal growth in Non-Farm Workforce participation.

· Percentage Enrollment of girls in secondary schools

· Percentage of households with Bank accounts under the Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana

· Performance in Swachh Bharat Mission (Grameen)

· Good Governance Initiative by the Gram Panchayats

The Mission Components

Under the National Rurban Mission (NRuM), the State Government shall identify existing Centrally Sponsored, Central Sector or State Government schemes relevant for the development of the cluster and converge their implementation in an integrated and time bound manner.

There are 14 components that have been suggested as desirable for the inclusion in the Rurban development cluster:

1. Skill development training linked to economic activities

2. Agro-processing, Agri-services and storage and warehousing

3. Fully equipped mobile health unit

4. Upgrading schools and higher educational facilities

5. Sanitation

6. Provision of piped water supply

7. Solid and liquid waste management

8. Village streets and drains

9. Street lights

10. Inter-village road connectivity

11. Public transport

12. LPG gas connections

13. Digital literacy

14. Citizen Services Centres- electronic delivery of citizen centric services/ e-grams connectivity

The projects funding process

· The cost of a cluster would be based on the requirements identified by the Integrated Cluster Action Plan (ICAP) prepared by the States, for the clusters and approved by the Empowered Committee of the Ministry of Rural Development.

· A maximum of the 30%of the project cost would be provided as the Critical Gap Funding (CGF) to increase the funds prepared through the convergence of various Centrally Sponsored schemes, central sectoral schemes and state schemes.

· For the plain areas, the CGF would be capped at 30% of the projects capital expenditure or INR. 30 crores whichever is more beneficial. In the desert and tribal areas, the CGF will be capped at 30% or INR. 15 crores whichever is beneficial.

· An outlay of the project has been estimated at INR.5142.08 crores that have been provided for the scheme for a period from 2015–16 to 2019–20.

Who will approve the ICAPs?

The ICAPs will be recommended by the State-level Empowered Committee (SLEC) and submitted to the Ministry for approval.

Does the mission choose backwards rural areas or fast moving rural areas?

The mission is focused on the creation of Rurban clusters in rural areas which have the latent potential for growth, in all States and UTs, including the Tribal districts, over the next 5 years.

What has been the mission outcome?

The mission outcomes are:

· To bridge the rural-urban divide-economically, technologically and those related to facilities and services.

· Spreading development in the region.

· Attracting investments in the rural areas.

· Stimulating local economic development with emphasis on reduction of poverty and unemployment in the rural areas.

What is CGF application?

The Critical Gap Funding (CGF) application is the submission by the State Government for the CGF estimated for the Rurban cluster. The CGF application is submitted by the State Nodal Agency (SNA) to the State Level Empowered Committee (SLEC) for an appraisal and approval. Once the application is approved the CGF application is then submitted by the SNA to the Ministry for appraisal and taking necessary approvals from the Empowered committee.

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