Over the past few days I’ve been exploring using Azure functions, evaluating the feature set , CI / CD pipeline capabilities. In short, it checked all the boxes for a basic application.
This post will cover the following:
- Setting up a local environment for testing
- Deploying a Simple Function To Azure
- Using Spring Boot for Functions
- Enabling Azure CI/CD with github and Azure Pipelines
This Post is NOT intended to be
- A production deployment strategy
- A reference implementation for code
This Post is going to be Divided into Two Parts
- Local Setup, getting functions running in Azure
- Setting Up Spring Boot, Github and Pipelines
Prerequisites for following along
- JDK 8+ environment
- Basic Knowledge of a Java build system (Maven)
- Azure Subscription (Even Trial would suffice)
- Github account (Thanks to GitHub & Microsoft + Open Source you can create a free private repos)
Local Environment Setup
We need to install certain libraries.
- mvn 3+
$ mvn -v
Apache Maven 3.5.0
$ az --version
- Azure Functions Core Tools version 2.6.666 or above
$ func -v
Using an mvn archetype for our starter code
You can go about this two ways:
- Command Line
- IDE (I’m going to use IntelliJ for this Post)
Using Command Line to Generate the Project
Go to a new Directory where you plan to work from
Bash (Linux / Mac)mvn archetype:generate \
-DarchetypeGroupId=com.microsoft.azure \ -DarchetypeArtifactId=azure-functions-archetypeWindows (Cmd)mvn archetype:generate ^
Below are the values to fill. Note appName has to be unique across Azure
Define value for property 'groupId' (should match expression '[A-Za-z0-9_\-\.]+'): com.example.functions
Define value for property 'artifactId' (should match expression '[A-Za-z0-9_\-\.]+'): example-functions
Define value for property 'version' 1.0-SNAPSHOT :
Define value for property 'package': com.example.functions
Define value for property 'appName' example-functions-20190927220323382:
Define value for property 'appRegion' eastus: :
Define value for property 'resourceGroup' java-functions-group: : Confirm properties configuration: Y
Using IntelliJ IDE to achieve the same
Add the Azure Archetype and create the Project
You should have a file structure something similar to that below.
bash-3.2$ tree examplefunctions/
├── examplefunctions.iml Ignore this file, intellij File
├── host.json This is the Azure Host property file
├── local.settings.json This is the file for local development
│ └── java
│ └── com
│ └── example
│ └── functions
│ └── Function.java
- Package the project
mvn clean package
- Modify the local-settings.json to choose your port (default 7071)
- Add this to the settings
4. Run the project locally
You should see something like this in your console.
Now listening on: http://0.0.0.0:8091
Application started. Press Ctrl+C to shut down.Http Functions:HttpTrigger-Java: [GET,POST] http://localhost:8091/api/HttpTrigger-Java
5. Test the server
bash-3.2$ curl -w "\n" http://localhost:8091/api/HttpTrigger-Java -d LocalFunction
What we’ve done so far is, we’ve downloaded and template and just ensured the template is working. The main activity happens in Function.java
@FunctionName defines the name of the function which is unique to the project. There are different triggers which you can associate to on Azure (HttpTrigger being the one being shown below).
After we package the application, individual functions are exposed in the package with a manifest on how to trigger the jar. See below
Deploying to Azure
We will deploy to azure through the command line.
To begin with we have to login into Azure through the command line
bash-3.2$ az login
Note, we have launched a browser for you to login. For old experience with device code, use "az login --use-device-code"
You have logged in. Now let us find all the subscriptions to which you have access...
We will then have to initiate a deploy using maven
[INFO] Trying to deploy artifact to example-functions-20190929215243949...
[INFO] Successfully deployed the artifact to https://example-functions-20190929215243949.azurewebsites.net
[INFO] Successfully deployed the function app at https://example-functions-20190929215243949.azurewebsites.net
Navigate to https://portal.azure.com
You can then go to the Resource called Function App
This has been Successfully deployed. Let us retrieve the code to test this. You can capture the hosty key for master or create a new one.
To Test this we can use the published URL and curl at it.
curl -G https://example-functions-20190929215243949.azurewebsites.net/api/HttpTrigger-Java -d AzureFunction -d code=<code>
or You can use the browser
Azure Functions using Java Spring with CI/CD using Azure Pipelines — Part 2 https://link.medium.com/sSPPLEVHr0
Azure Functions https://azure.microsoft.com/en-us/services/functions/
Azure Functions using Java https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/azure-functions/functions-create-first-java-maven